What is the future trend of vegetable prices?

Expert response: there will be a fall in the later period

People's Daily


, Beijing, November 7th

(Xiao Congcong) Since October, vegetable prices in many places across the country have continued to rise.

The average wholesale price of 28 kinds of vegetables monitored by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs in October was 5.25 yuan per kilogram, an increase of 16.7% month-on-month and 11.7% year-on-year.

  After entering November, the average prices of many kinds of vegetables have fallen after rising slightly.

The monitoring data of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on November 5 showed that the average price of 28 kinds of vegetables was 5.60 yuan/kg, down 1.6% from the 4th.

The average price of six kinds of vegetables fell from the previous month. Among them, oyster mushroom fell 15.0%, rapeseed fell 5.5%, cucumber fell 4.3%, ginger fell 1.9%, lotus root fell 1.7%, zucchini fell 1.7%, spinach prices remained flat, and 28 kinds of vegetables were wholesale The average daily price has fallen slightly for 8 consecutive days.

  Zhang Jing, chief vegetable analyst of the agricultural product market analysis and early warning team of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said in an interview with the "Strong Observation" column of People's Daily that the trend of this round of vegetable price fluctuations is clearly differentiated, and the prices of fresh and tender leafy vegetables and solanaceous fruits have increased significantly. , The rhizomes are relatively stable.

  "After a round of large fluctuations in vegetables in October, the current prices of some types of vegetables have dropped significantly." Zhang Liqun, a researcher at the Macroeconomic Research Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council, said that the production cycle of vegetables is short. Once prices rise, growers produce The enthusiasm will increase, and factors such as weather that affect vegetable production will not last for a long time. Therefore, vegetable production will cover up quickly, and vegetable price increases will not last for a long time.

For residents, the most important thing is not to panic and to have confidence in my country's food supply security capabilities.

  Talking about the main reason for the increase in vegetable prices in October, Zhang Jing said that this was the "stubble" of vegetable production in the northern producing areas that was reduced by severe weather at the end of September and early October.

  According to Zhang Jing, the supply of vegetables is basically large-scale production, large-scale circulation, and seasonal changes in production areas. The disaster-stricken Henan, Shandong, Hebei and other places are the main production areas for the supply of autumn open vegetables in the northern vegetable market each year, and October is also the main production area. "Autumn vegetables" to "winter vegetables" is a critical period for the conversion of production areas and crops, so the phased impact is more obvious, and the price of vegetables has jumped significantly.

  It is reported that after the rise in vegetable prices, the National Development and Reform Commission quickly deployed to guide localities to compact the "vegetable basket" mayor responsibility system, and take practical and effective measures to ensure the supply of vegetables and stabilize prices.

  Talking about how to make every effort to ensure adequate supply of vegetables and the smooth operation of the market, Zhang Liqun said that the government should explore how to establish a long-term mechanism to ensure the stability of vegetable prices, to ensure the stability of urban "vegetable basket" prices, and to ensure the basic living needs of the people.

  At present, vegetable prices in wholesale markets such as Beijing Xinfadi, Shanghai Jiangqiao, and Guangzhou Jiangnan have fallen one after another. Fresh and tender vegetables such as spinach and cole have fallen by 30%, and prices of cauliflower and broccoli have also loosened.

Tianjin City puts government reserve vegetables at a price about 40% lower than the market price, and Wuhan City puts price-fixed vegetables on for 15 consecutive days. Five types of domestically produced fruits, including vegetables and apples, are waived for entry and transaction fees, and circulation companies are guided to increase supply and strengthen the connection between production and sales.

  With the start of the supply and price stabilization work such as the release of reserve vegetables in many places, the overall price of vegetables has shown a downward trend, but residents are still worried about the stability of vegetable prices in the later winter and spring.

  Zhang Jing pointed out that in order to do a good job in ensuring the supply and price stability of daily necessities such as vegetables this winter and next spring, and to effectively attract the supply of goods, not only the "vegetable basket" mayor is responsible for the production and supply of sufficient vegetables, but also the main production areas of winter and spring vegetables in my country. The peak harvest season can effectively increase and ensure market supply.

  At present, vegetable prices have gradually fallen. Do residents need to stock up more vegetables to prepare for the winter?

  "It's completely unnecessary. On the one hand, potatoes, carrots, onions, and Chinese cabbage, which are the main winter vegetables, have always been in sufficient quantities and stable prices; on the other hand, leafy vegetables are not suitable for storage, and the current prices are not low, and they will fall in the later period. "Zhang Jing suggested that residents should purchase materials according to their actual needs, and don't treat their homes as warehouses to help businesses store food.