5G+Industrial Internet application scenarios continue to expand (enabling the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries·Focus on "5G+Industrial Internet"①)

  Our reporter Han Xin

  On October 18, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the 34th collective study of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee and emphasized that we must stand at the height of coordinating the overall strategy of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the great changes unseen in the world in a century. The overall situation and the development of security are two major issues, to give full play to the advantages of massive data and rich application scenarios, to promote the deep integration of digital technology and the real economy, to empower the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, to give birth to new industries, new formats and new models, and to continue to become stronger, better, and bigger. Digital economy.

  The "14th Five-Year Plan" proposes to promote the digital transformation of industries and build several international-level industrial Internet platforms and digital transformation promotion centers in key industries and regions.

In recent years, China has deeply implemented the industrial Internet innovation and development strategy, pressing the accelerator key for the construction of "5G+Industrial Internet", a variety of application scenarios have been continuously expanded, and typical scenarios such as remote device control, on-site auxiliary operations, and product quality testing have achieved significant results.

  Recently, reporters from this newspaper visited from various sources to observe and record the relevant applications of "5G + Industrial Internet" in manufacturing, steel, mining and other industries, showing a vigorous development trend of new technologies empowering industrial transformation.

  --editor

  Through the interconnection of industrial equipment and the Internet to realize the intelligent collaboration of the industrial chain, the industrial Internet has become a key force in the digital transformation of industrial enterprises.

Relying on the advantages of 5G network such as large broadband and low latency to ensure the high-speed transmission of massive data, the integration of 5G and the industrial Internet is accelerating the process of China's new industrialization and injecting new momentum into China's economic development.

  In November 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "5G + Industrial Internet" 512 Project Promotion Plan (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan").

In the past two years, what has been the progress of the "Plan" and what effects have it produced?

To promote the integration and development of "5G + Industrial Internet" in a wider range, deeper level, and higher level, what other aspects should be used?

In response to these issues, the reporter conducted an interview.

Fusion exploration continues to accelerate, helping companies reduce costs and increase efficiency

  Transform equipment with sensor technology and realize real-time interconnection between data and the cloud through 5G Internet of Things. In the main board production test workshop of Lenovo Wuhan Digital Factory, the product line can be changed in only 30 minutes, and the test efficiency has been greatly improved; by introducing 5G network into electricity On the Internet, the State Grid Hangzhou Xiaoshan Power Supply Company adopted substation robots and power transmission drones to intelligently upgrade the main venues of the Hangzhou Asian Games to ensure the safety of electricity consumption in all aspects... In recent years, the integration of "5G + Industrial Internet" has continued to accelerate .

  “At present, there are more than 1,800 '5G+Industrial Internet' projects under construction across the country, covering more than 20 key industries and fields of the national economy.” The relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that “5G+Industrial Internet” has become the development process of industrial Internet and 5G. Among them, one of the areas with the highest industrial enthusiasm, the most active innovation, and the most effective results, which will strongly promote the transformation and upgrading of the real economy to digital, networked, and intelligent.

  Scenario applications continue to be enriched, helping companies reduce costs and increase efficiency.

"5G+Industrial Internet" is leading the development of electronic equipment manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, steel, mining, power and other industries. It has formed collaborative research and development design, remote equipment control, equipment collaborative operation, flexible manufacturing, on-site auxiliary assembly, machine vision quality inspection, Scenarios such as equipment fault diagnosis, factory intelligent logistics, unmanned intelligent inspection, and production site monitoring.

  What changes will the expansion of these scenarios bring to industrial enterprises?

  Cost reduction.

Scenarios such as remote equipment control and unmanned intelligent inspections help enterprises realize unmanned and less-humanized production.

In the mining sector, 5G is used to realize unmanned mining card driving and underground mining, effectively reducing the incidence of accidents, and reducing the cost of related enterprises by about 30 million yuan every year.

  Upgrading.

Scenarios such as machine vision quality inspection and equipment failure detection improve product quality and guarantee yield.

The 5G+8K surface inspection system was deployed in the iron and steel field, which changed the existing sampling inspection mode and realized full-scale product inspection, increasing the detection rate of steel defects by more than 90%, and the defect recognition rate by more than 85%.

  Synergistic.

Scenarios such as equipment collaborative operation, factory intelligent logistics, and equipment fault diagnosis support enterprises to optimize production processes and improve production efficiency.

In the port field, 5G + artificial intelligence technology automatically analyzes the optimal path of container tally and logistics, which can increase the loading efficiency by 15-20 times on average.

  The formation of industrial agglomeration is accelerating, and various innovative practices continue to emerge.

In the Yangtze River Delta region, three provinces and one city have issued policies to support the development of "5G + Industrial Internet", and explored in nearly 20 areas such as textiles and metal products.

In the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, eight “5G+Industrial Internet” demonstration parks have been created in the fields of steel smelting and electronic equipment manufacturing.

In the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, a number of typical application programs have been formed, focusing on characteristic industries such as computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing industries.

In the western region, enterprises focus on innovation in the areas of coal mining and washing, which has become a demonstrative application practice.

Converged applications are beginning to show results, and industry support needs to be improved

  At present, all kinds of integrated applications have achieved initial results, but there are still problems with in-depth advancement.

  "5G is mainly a technology oriented to industry scenarios, and 70%-80% will be applied in the fields of Internet of Vehicles and Industrial Internet." The relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information There are no precedents, no experience to learn from, and no path to follow in the industry and applications, especially the integrated applications for industry and the real economy. New challenges are unavoidable in the process of continuous advancement.

  On the one hand, technological development capabilities are insufficient, and industrial support needs to be improved.

  "At this stage, the 5G public network for consumer scene applications has a downlink transmission bandwidth about three times the uplink bandwidth. However, in industrial scenarios, there are a large number of 5G applications based on machine vision, and the uplink transmission data requirements are often significantly higher than the downlink transmission data requirements. "The relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said, "At present, although a few companies have made breakthroughs and developed corresponding technical solutions, they have not yet achieved industrialization."

  On the other hand, the fragmentation of the chip module industry and high prices restrict promotion.

  From the perspective of the market, “the demand in the industrial field is diversified and differentiated. 5G industrial terminals, chips, modules, and gateways have higher requirements in terms of performance and protocol support.” According to the relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the current 5G Chip modules, etc., have the characteristics of industry decentralization and market fragmentation. It is difficult to dilute costs through market scale in the short term, resulting in high prices, which to a certain extent restricts the scale promotion of 5G industrial applications.

  From the perspective of industrial enterprises themselves, although the construction and application of "5G+Industrial Internet" are piloted in some areas, there are still problems in the overall advancement.

Hu Jianbo, vice president of China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, pointed out that enterprises lack a systematic understanding of the application scenarios, use value and construction path of "5G+Industrial Internet".

In addition, the capital, talent, and technical requirements for enterprises to build "5G + Industrial Internet" are high, and the digital foundation still needs to be consolidated.

  "These developing problems need to be solved by development." According to the relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, this is a common challenge faced by the industry and requires multi-pronged and joint solutions.

Copy and promote mature models to promote industrial collaborative innovation

  How to do a good job in the addition of 5G and Industrial Internet, and accelerate the release of the multiplier effect of the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries?

  ——Taking the replication and promotion of the mature model as the starting point, promote the acceleration of application from pilot to popularization.

  The "Plan" proposes to create a batch of "5G+Industrial Internet" intranet construction and transformation benchmarks and model projects.

Take the mining industry as an example. In May of this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released a collection of typical cases of "5G + Industrial Internet" in the mining industry, providing an example for further promoting the deeper and higher-level development of "5G + Industrial Internet".

  According to the relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, within two months after the release of the typical case collection, 28 new mining “5G+Industrial Internet” projects were launched in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shandong and other provinces, with a contract amount of approximately 350 million yuan. More than 100 "5G+Industrial Internet" products covering ten typical application scenarios have been formed, providing "menu-based" and "one-stop" services for mining companies.

  According to reports, in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will release the second batch of typical application scenarios and key industry practices of "5G + Industrial Internet", guide the industry to accelerate the process of large-scale development, and provide reference for more enterprise application innovation.

Instruct all localities to combine characteristic and advantageous industries, organize a series of on-site meetings, create industry demonstration benchmarks, and promote the transformation of applications from pilot projects to popularization.

  ——Take the deepening and expansion of the innovation model as the key to promote the development and growth of the industrial ecology.

  On the one hand, we will carry out industrial 5G private network pilot projects to enhance industry network supply capabilities.

The relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology introduced that the next step will be to promote the construction of 5G fully connected factories, promote the integrated deployment of information technology networks and production control networks, create 3 to 5 5G fully connected factory demonstration benchmarks, and form a deep integration of 5G and industry. plan.

  On the other hand, speed up the development and industrialization of customized and economical industrial 5G chips, modules, terminals and other products.

"By enhancing the initiative of enterprises, promoting collaborative innovation among all parties in the industry, publishing guidelines for the development and construction of integrated application pilot zones, and building several demonstration pilot zones across the country." The relevant person in charge of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that in the future, they will cooperate with relevant departments. , All parties in the industry accelerate the innovation and development of "5G + Industrial Internet" to help build a strong manufacturing country and a network power country.

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