China News Service, Beijing, October 27 (Zuo Yukun, Li Jinlei, and Shan Bingjie) On October 20, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Outline for the Construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Double-City Economic Circle", which is a guide for the current and future periods. A programmatic document for the construction of the two-city economic circle in the Chengdu-Chongqing region.

  Why does China promote the construction of a two-city economic circle in the Chengdu-Chongqing region?

What is the significance?

How does Chengyu sing "A Tale of Two Cities" and build an economic circle together?

How to work together to create a high-level model of regional cooperation and jointly build a new growth pole?

  Recently, Dong Yu, Executive Deputy Dean of the China Institute of Development Planning, Tsinghua University, accepted an exclusive interview with Chinanews.com's "China New Observation" column for an authoritative interpretation.

  Excerpts from the interview are as follows:

The construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle must be put in the overall situation of the country

China News Service: The "Planning Outline for the Construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Two-city Economic Circle" (hereinafter referred to as the "Planning Outline") is very rich in content. What do you think are the highlights of the outline?

Dong Yu:

Promoting the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Twin City Economic Circle is a major deployment made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council.

The just-released "Outline of the Construction Plan for the Chengdu-Chongqing Region Twin City Economic Circle" is a very important plan in the history of our national regional planning. It is not only a blueprint for guiding the development of Chengdu and Chongqing, it will also play a very important role in the overall regional development of the country. The role of it has very distinctive characteristics.

  First, high standing is a plan that concerns the overall situation.

Promoting the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle is a major strategic deployment made at the sixth meeting of the Central Finance and Economics Commission in January 2020, and the "14th Five-Year Plan" announced at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee last year and the two sessions this year. It is mentioned in the outline. After a period of research and polishing, the "Planning Outline" was released.

Therefore, when we look at this "Planning Outline", it must be placed on the overall strategy of the central government, placed in an important position in the new development pattern, and placed in an important position in the country's regional development.

  Second, the positioning is clear, indicating the basic direction for the next development of the Chengdu-Chongqing Twin City Economic Circle.

The "Planning Outline" clearly proposes the future positioning of the Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle as "two centers and two places". This is based on the current development foundation, future advantages and shortcomings that need to be resolved in Chengdu-Chongqing. The development of this positioning will surely reach a new level.

  Thirdly, it is compiled with a system concept, and the tasks for different stages up to 2025 and 2035 are proposed, as well as nine specific tasks, which are closely related to each other.

It not only made a systematic deployment of the interconnection between the Chengdu-Chongqing metropolitan area and the periphery of the metropolitan area, but also carried out a systematic plan between Chengdu and Chongqing, and systematically considered the interaction between the Chengdu-Chongqing area and other urban agglomerations in the western region. The relationship between Chengdu and Chongqing considers how to integrate into the overall situation of national regional development.

  Fourth, the measures are real.

Emphasizing the outstanding issues that Chengyu needs to face and solve urgently, such as infrastructure issues, spatial layout issues, industrial chain coordination issues, regional and urbanization structural perfection issues, people's livelihoods and mutual sharing issues, These are all problems that Chengyu needs to solve urgently in the "14th Five-Year Plan" and even longer to move to a new level.

  The entire planning outline, from near to far, from point to area, covers the common problems that need to be resolved in Chengyu and the larger area, as well as some characteristic problems of Chengyu itself. It is a plan with demonstrative significance, and it is also a plan with distinctive features. Planning with characteristics of Bashu.

Chinanews.com's "China New Observation" column interviewed Dong Yu, executive vice president of the China Development Planning Institute of Tsinghua University.

Photo by Zhai Lu, China News Service

China News Service: China has shifted to a stage of high-quality development, with the in-depth implementation of major strategies such as the "One Belt and One Road", the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the Western Development. In this context, we will promote the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing dual-city economic circle. What are the major significances?

Dong Yu:

As just said, we regard the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Double City Circle in the overall situation of the country.

An important spirit in the "14th Five-Year" development plan is the "three news", that is, the future development of the country and each district must "base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, and build a new development pattern." This is the "14th Five-Year Plan". "The core essence of planning.

  Chengyu has a very important position and role in constructing a new development pattern.

We must open up the internal and external circulations, promote more market circulation, and promote the optimal allocation of factors. Objectively, we are required to deploy growth poles in the western region to promote economic development and population agglomeration in these regions.

  Chengyu plays a pivotal role in the western region, and its population and economic scale are in the first echelon in the western region.

The CPC Central Committee’s deployment in the Chengdu-Chongqing region actually left an important part in the pattern of the national cycle.

The Chengdu-Chongqing area has achieved new development on the existing basis, which will surely radiate the development of the surrounding areas and the entire western region, and play a good role in demonstrating.

  Chengyu is also an important opening door for our country. It is an important starting point for China’s opening to the west. An important gateway for opening to the south is the confluence point of the two major strategies of "One Belt and One Road" and the Yangtze River Economic Belt. These all determine Chengyu’s overall development. In the overall situation, it plays a very important role as a hub in the west.

The construction of Chengdu and Chongqing can smooth the flow of factors in the western region, so that the western region's economy has a stronger radiating effect, and it will also play an important role in promoting the development of the central and eastern regions.

  Chengyu's development has now reached a very critical stage.

After the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made the deployment of high-quality development, all parts of the country are planning the transformation of development mode, especially in the context of "dual carbon", to promote the realization of the goal of carbon neutrality and carbon peak, and strive to promote the original traditional economy Structural adjustments have promoted the transformation of some traditional industries into advanced manufacturing and modern service industries.

Chengdu and Chongqing also have the functions of agglomerating industries and agglomerating economies. The creation of industrial clusters in the western region is also very important to the overall economic development of the country.

  Chengyu also has a relatively good foundation in urban life and urban-rural co-ordination.

As a large urban agglomeration with a population of close to 100 million, we have done a good job in promoting high-quality life in this area, which will surely play a good role model for improving people's livelihood and public service in the western region.

  If all aspects of the Chengdu-Chongqing area can be raised to a new level, it will definitely be a very important breakthrough for our overall situation.

Aerial photography of Jiaozi Avenue in Chengdu, Sichuan.

(Drone photo) Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Zhongjun

Chinanews reporter: What are the unique advantages of the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing dual-city economic circle?

What are the shortcomings that need to be made up?

Dong Yu:

First of all, Chengdu-Chongqing has obvious location advantages. It is an important gateway for us to open to the west and south. It is an important node of the "Belt and Road" and the Yangtze River Economic Belt. It is very important that a large number of people and logistics information flows here. Transportation and economic hub.

  Secondly, Chengdu and Chongqing also play a very important role in the layout of the country's urban agglomerations.

During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, 19 urban agglomerations were laid out. Chengyu has done a very good job in population and economic agglomeration, and has a very good exemplary role in the development of urbanization in the country.

  Third, in recent years, Chengyu has also accumulated a lot of foundations in industrial upgrading and the creation of advantageous industries. It has relatively strong universities, scientific research institutes and scientific research talents.

  Fourth, Chengyu also has very good element advantages. It has very rich energy resources, such as shale gas, which provides support for the development of important industries in Chengyu.

  Fifth, Chengdu and Chongqing have also laid a very solid foundation in terms of industrial chain coordination, forming a relatively complete industrial chain, which will help to transform and upgrade the next economic structure.

In recent years, the state has also tilted some innovation resources to Chengyu, including the construction of a science and technology city.

  Finally, as a unique inland open area, Chengyu is the largest aviation hub in the western region. It also has developed waterway transportation conditions. It also has unique advantages in opening up to foreign countries. It can undertake to expand from the western region and expand the influence of China's opening up to the surrounding areas. Important task.

  At the same time, there are some shortcomings in Sichuan and Chongqing.

First, there is still a certain gap between the overall strength and overall development level of the eastern region, and the per capita level in some regions is still relatively low.

The overall scale of the high-tech industry is insufficient, and it has not yet formed a particularly large advantage.

  From the perspective of regional structure and urban-rural structure, there are also relatively large gaps within.

The population and economic gaps between districts and counties are still very large.

The Chengdu-Chongqing city is still at a relatively low level of development, and it is difficult to assume the role of connecting Chengdu-Chongqing.

Chinanews.com's "China New Observation" column interviewed Dong Yu, executive vice president of the China Development Planning Institute of Tsinghua University.

Photo by Zhai Lu, China News Service

To sing "A Tale of Two Cities" well, we must play "a game of chess"

Chinanews.com reporter: The Chengdu-Chongqing area's dual-city economic circle should be built into an important economic center, a center for technological innovation, a new highland of reform and opening up, and a high-quality livable place with national influence.

How to understand such a strategic positioning?

Dong Yu: To

understand this positioning, we must also focus on the overall goal of the Chengdu-Chongqing region's dual-city economic circle: to create an important growth pole and new source of power that will drive the country's high-quality development.

  From the perspective of "power sources", the 2018 Central Economic Work Conference deployed Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao, and the Yangtze River Delta to become important sources of high-quality development.

The Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle has become a new source of power, that is, in line with the above three places, and together constitute a power system that promotes high-quality development across the country.

  From the perspective of "growth poles", the economy of Chengdu-Chongqing region accounts for about one-third of the entire western region, but the total economic volume of the Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle accounts for less than 7% of the country's total economy, and there is still further improvement. This is also a very important point in the new development pattern.

  There is also an inherent logical relationship between "two centers and two places".

Technological innovation is the basic path to achieve the economic center goal. The "dual center" goal must also be driven by reform and opening up. In the end, these must fall on a fundamental goal, which is to allow the people to get tangible benefits. This is also a high The origin of the quality of life and livable place.

Of course, the content of livability is very wide. In addition to the requirements of the people's life and the ecological environment, the Chengdu-Chongqing area, as an important upper reaches of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, also undertakes the important task of protecting the ecology.

China News Network reporter: The overall requirements of the "Planning Outline" put forward to sing well the "Tale of Two Cities", jointly build an economic circle, and work together to create a high-level model of regional cooperation.

In your opinion, what is the key to singing this "A Tale of Two Cities" well?

Dong Yu:

This is related to the original name of the Chengdu-Chongqing Shuangcheng Economic Circle.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the central government has issued a series of regional strategies. Only Chengyu has been named the Twin Cities Economic Circle, which in itself reflects the characteristics of this economic circle—dual core drive, driven by two central cities in the country.

Both Chengdu and Chongqing’s main urban areas have the foundation to become a world-class metropolis. To develop this place, dual-core drives are extremely important.

  Therefore, to sing the "Tale of Two Cities" well, we must first consider how the two central cities can respectively radiate and drive the surrounding areas and even a larger area; secondly, how to build a better bond between Chengdu and Chongqing, establish better connections, and make the industry better Collaboration.

The "Planning Outline" puts special emphasis on coordination and coordination. There are competitive relationships or similar industrial relationships among regions. However, the dual-city economic circle will promote the two places to work together towards the same goal.

At the same time, singing the "Tale of Two Cities" well is not a matter for the two cities. The two cities should drive the development of surrounding small and medium-sized cities respectively, and the small and medium-sized cities should also form a synergy and connection.

  To truly sing the "Tale of Two Cities", we must first put the two cities into a game of chess. We must strengthen overall coordination from the central level and establish a special working mechanism; and between Chengdu and Chongqing, we must also establish a corresponding mechanism to be able to obtain major issues. Synergize and form a joint force.

Chongqing city style.

Photo by Zhong Yi

China News Service: Sing well "A Tale of Two Cities". What should the Chengdu-Chongqing area focus on?

In the future, how should the two places promote double-circle interaction and two-wing synergy?

Dong Yu:

First of all, it is mainly the article on the "middle line" between Chengdu and the main urban areas of Chongqing.

Due to the geographical location and topography, some cities and counties in the mid-line have not developed a high level of economic development.

We need to form a number of effectively connected nodes through the connection of transportation and the layout of industries to strengthen this main axis.

  At the same time, the North Wing and the South Wing must also be strengthened.

The "Planning Outline" also puts forward different requirements for the North Wing and the South Wing. The North Wing emphasizes integration. For example, Sichuan should use Nanchong and Dazhou as the central cities to promote the one-stop development of surrounding areas, and Chongqing should use Wanzhou as the center to promote Chongqing. The development of the northern region, through the docking of northeast Sichuan and northeastern Chongqing, strengthens the integration of this regional development, forming a more homogeneous northern line of development; in the south wing, the "Planning Outline" is for southern Sichuan, southeastern Sichuan and Chongqing. Important arrangements have been made for the integration and development of the Southwest region, especially for the important node cities, for the docking of waterways, the docking of important industries, and especially the construction of some industrial parks.

  Completing the articles on the middle, northern and southern lines will definitely promote the mutual development between the two major cities of Chengdu and Chongqing. This is the most important thing.

  At the same time, the Chengdu metropolitan area and the Chongqing metropolitan area must each do their own articles and plan the development of their own industries.

The "Planning Outline" has very specific new positioning for Chengdu and Chongqing. For example, there are financial requirements for Chongqing and cultural requirements for Chengdu. Each local government has targeted implementation and deployment in their own urban development. Especially the planning of characteristic industries, the integration of urban and rural areas and the protection of the ecological environment.

China News Service: At present, there is not enough deep cooperation between the two places, and there is even a phenomenon that competition is greater than cooperation. How should the Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle handle this contradiction and promote coordinated development?

Dong Yu:

This issue should be treated dialectically.

First of all, competition is not necessarily a bad thing, which means that the two places have stronger motivation to catch up with the advanced and reach a new level.

Of course, in the competition, there are indeed vicious competition relationships in some places in terms of project competition and industrial layout.

To promote the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing Twin City Economic Circle, the most important thing is to avoid such problems.

  The central government has focused on the industrial and infrastructure layout of the two cities, and also emphasized the sharing of resources between the two cities.

Let’s take innovation as an example. Chengdu and Chongqing both have their own science and technology cities. From the central point of view, the construction of this kind of national science and technology city is planned and developed as a district with multiple parks. The science and technology infrastructure, scientific research personnel, Research is put together for overall consideration, and only in this way can the joint force of innovation be formed.

The combined force of innovation will also bring about industrial synergy. Both places have their own characteristic industries, and both can complement each other.

  The mechanism construction of the twin-city economic circle can put some things in the same industrial park to do, in fact, there are already similar layouts now.

As far as I know, in the first three quarters of this year, dozens of major projects have been implemented in the two places, which also shows that the two places are actually promoting collaboration, not just on paper articles.

Chinanews.com's "China New Observation" column interviewed Dong Yu, executive vice president of the China Development Planning Institute of Tsinghua University.

Photo by Zhai Lu, China News Service

To learn from the east, we must also take the "Road with Bashu Characteristics"

China News Service: How will the large, medium and small cities and county towns in the Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle achieve dislocation development?

Dong Yu: It is

necessary to treat dislocation development dialectically.

Different stages of urbanization will show different forms. For example, in the past period of time, there has indeed been a gathering of economy and population to provincial capitals and main urban areas.

At present, in the Chengdu-Chongqing urban circle, the total economic output of Chengdu and Chongqing has accounted for about half of the entire urban agglomeration. After a period of time, the siphon effect of the central city will inevitably have a negative impact on the surrounding areas. This needs to be resolved through planning. NS.

  In this "14th Five-Year Plan", 19 urban agglomerations in China have been classified.

The first category is "optimized and upgraded" city clusters, which includes the Chengdu-Chongqing Twin City Economic Circle.

This is proposed based on the characteristics of Chengyu. Chengyu has now reached a certain scale. "Optimization and promotion" is to fully consider the carrying capacity and accommodating space of the resources and environment of the two cities.

Some industries do not have to be deployed in central cities, but can be deployed in sub-central cities and surrounding small and medium-sized cities.

  In addition to the positioning of the two central cities in the "Planning Outline", there are also a series of deployments for the surrounding areas. Each city can find its own unique positioning, consciously emphasizing the central city's radiating and leading role in the surrounding area.

For example, in Sichuan, the co-urban development of "Chengde Mianmei" was proposed, and the co-urban development of the main urban area and western Chongqing area was proposed in Chongqing, both of which were to lay out industries and resources in areas close to the main urban area.

  At the same time, through the drive of the north and south wings and the construction of regional nodes, we will build smaller central cities and gather the population of the surrounding mountainous areas into the central cities. This will not only enhance the strength of these cities, but also reduce the ecological environment. The pressure of regional development has played a role in killing two birds with one stone.

Of course, it is difficult to achieve the goal of balanced development of the surrounding areas by relying on a completely self-generated layout. At this time, some new deployments need to be made at the national and provincial levels, such as the balanced deployment of public service resources, educational resources, medical resources, etc. The land is tilted towards sub-central cities and small and medium-sized cities, so that these cities have a better concentration of population, thus forming a pattern of coordinated development of large, medium and small cities.

The opening of the container liner from Nanchong Port in Sichuan to Chongqing Port.

Photo by Deng Bo

China News Service: As the economic leader closest to the "Hu Huanyong Line" in the west, the Chengdu-Chongqing region has to shoulder the historical mission of building a new economic growth pole in China. However, the overall strength and competitiveness of the Chengdu-Chongqing region is still greater than that of the eastern developed regions. How to narrow the gap and build a new growth pole together?

Dong Yu:

First of all, the Chengdu-Chongqing region should learn from the eastern region. Only by seeing the gap, understanding the gap, and finding the cause of the gap, can it be possible to truly narrow the gap.

Of course, this is also related to the historical development of the western region, the differences in location conditions, and the differences in natural resources. This is an objective reality, and these insistent developments cannot be ignored.

High-quality development is to find one's own unique advantages on the basis of development.

  To learn from the eastern region, the most important thing is to learn how to reform, how to open up, and to do explorations that other regions have not yet done, so that we can serve as a demonstration to drive the western region.

For example, in terms of how to optimize the allocation of resources and how to build a high-standard market system, Shenzhen, Pudong and other pilots have formed fresh experience, and the Chengdu-Chongqing area can learn from it.

Although inland opening and coastal opening have different characteristics, the entire country’s requirement for opening is to gradually transform to institutional opening. How to improve the efficiency of opening windows and how to optimize the links of entry and exit can be applied to the Hainan Free Trade Zone and coastal free trade zones. Trade zone and other learning.

  On the basis of learning, we should also think about the fact that Chengdu and Chongqing also have some things they have done well, such as the cultural industry, which should give full play to their advantages in the future development.

For example, the urban development in the past emphasized the integration of industry and city. In the past, the integration of industry and city was to build an industrial park next to the city. Under the new development situation, the promotion of industry and city integration must consider the characteristics of the cultural industry itself. Many cultural industries are located in the city center. There are also the employment characteristics of young people. These are the factors and conditions that must be considered for urban development under the new situation, and they are also the advantages and conditions of latecomer cities.

Larger and stronger cultural industries will bring about a series of positive effects, such as population gathering, innovative development, and the development of modern service industries, which are what we need.

As long as they are willing to think and are willing to vigorously promote reform and opening up, Chengdu and Chongqing will surely find a development path that suits them.

China News Service: The blueprint has been drawn. How can we ensure the smooth realization of the main goals and tasks of the plan and that the blueprint becomes a reality as soon as possible?

Dong Yu:

No matter how good the plan is, it depends on how it is implemented.

The "Planning Outline" is not only a five-year plan, it is actually a long-term goal to 2035, to complete the task of building a high-quality Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle by 2035.

We are going to use three and five years to work for a long time and push forward step by step.

The most urgent task at the moment is to build the mechanism first. The country is already deploying in this regard, and Chengyu is also very enthusiastic.

  In addition, a series of major engineering tasks in the "Planning Outline" must also be implemented.

For these projects that can be directly implemented, funds, personnel, and departments must be clearly responsible.

I hope to list a series of task maps, clarify departments, docking mechanisms, and timetables, and implement them one by one.

As long as the tasks in the plan can be implemented, the overall goal of the plan will definitely be achieved.

  Also, we must do a good job in the publicity and interpretation of the "Planning Outline", so that the "Planning Outline" truly becomes the consensus of the people of the two places, especially the consensus of the young people of the two places, so that they can voluntarily invest in the Chengdu-Chongqing twin city economy. The construction of the circle will form an atmosphere in which the whole society supports the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing twin-city economic circle, and it will also enable other parts of the west to form a synergy with Chengdu-Chongqing.

I believe that if we use a systematic concept to coordinate the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing Double City Economic Circle, we will be able to achieve the planning goals well.

(over)

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