Build a new system for a higher level of open economy (authoritative interview)

  ——Interview with Minister of Commerce Wang Wentao


  Business work is an important part of the domestic cycle, an important hub linking the domestic and international dual cycles, and plays an important role in building a new development pattern.

How to promote the high-quality development of the business field and better serve to build a new development pattern?

In the process of further improving the socialist market economic system, what aspects will the business field focus on?

The reporter interviewed Wang Wentao, Minister of Commerce.

  Further open up the domestic and international markets

  Form a unified, open, and orderly competitive modern market system

  Reporter: Building a new higher-level open economic system and promoting reform and development through opening up is an important aspect of improving the socialist market economic system in the new era.

How does the Ministry of Commerce serve the proactive opening strategy?

In the future, how to push full opening up to a larger scope, a wider field, and a deeper level?

  Wang Wentao: To build a new higher-level open economic system is to further open up the domestic and international markets, form a unified, open, and orderly competitive modern market system, and promote the construction of a high-level socialist market economic system with a high-level opening, and promote the economy High-quality development.

  The Ministry of Commerce conscientiously implements the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. It focuses on the “program” of building a new development pattern, insists on promoting reform and innovation through opening up, coordinating openness and security, and promoting the formation of domestic and foreign market connectivity, industry integration, A virtuous circle where innovation promotes and rules are connected.

  We must promote a smooth domestic and international dual cycle.

The focus is to promote the innovative development of foreign trade, promote the integration of domestic and foreign trade, continue to relax market access for foreign capital, improve the quality and level of foreign capital utilization, and jointly build the “Belt and Road” with high quality.

Generally speaking, it is to promote the coordinated development of domestic and foreign demand, imports and exports, the introduction of foreign capital, and foreign investment.

  We need to improve the functions of the open platform.

There are more and more open platforms in our country, and the level is getting higher and higher.

We must successfully hold important exhibitions such as China International Import Expo, Canton Fair, Service Trade Fair, and Consumer Fair to amplify the overall effect.

We also need to give the pilot free trade zone greater autonomy in reforms, support the development of international high-standard economic and trade rules, and steadily advance the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port, and create a new open highland with a higher level of openness and a better business environment.

  We must speed up the advancement of institutional opening.

On the one hand, it is necessary to improve the system of foreign-related economic and trade laws and regulations, fully implement the foreign investment law and supporting regulations, promote the revision of the foreign trade law, and promote the implementation of the cross-border service trade negative list nationwide.

On the other hand, it is necessary to give full play to the role of foreign investment national security review, anti-monopoly review, fair competition review and other systems, effectively safeguard national security and development interests, and promote the formation of a good environment for fair competition.

  We must deeply participate in global economic governance.

Regionally and bilaterally, implement the free trade zone upgrading strategy, promote the implementation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) as soon as possible, do a good job in joining the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPP), and accelerate the establishment of high global standards Free trade zone network.

On the multilateral side, firmly safeguard the multilateral trading system, actively participate in WTO reforms, promote the formulation of international economic and trade rules in emerging fields such as digital economy, green and low-carbon, build an open world economy, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

  Create more development opportunities for SMEs

  Promote the benign interaction and coordinated development of large and small enterprises

  Reporter: To build a high-level socialist market economy system, we must adhere to the "two unshakable" and promote the benign interaction and coordinated development of large and medium-sized enterprises.

What measures has the Ministry of Commerce taken to promote the healthy and stable development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the business sector and create development space for small and medium-sized enterprises?

In what areas will we focus our efforts in the next step?

  Wang Wentao: General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and emphasizes that “small and medium-sized enterprises can do great things”.

There are more than 13 million enterprises of various types in the business field, of which more than 99% are small, medium and micro enterprises, accounting for more than half of the total number of small, medium and micro enterprises in the country, involving many industries and fields such as wholesale and retail, accommodation and catering, foreign trade, and service outsourcing.

These small and medium-sized enterprises are not only an important force for prospering the market and improving people's livelihood, but also an important channel for promoting entrepreneurship and employment, and they have played an important role in China's economic and social development.

  The Ministry of Commerce will earnestly and take action to solve the "emergency and sorrow" problems of enterprises, and strive to create a good environment through effective and effective measures to promote the healthy and stable development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the business sector.

  One is to make every effort to stabilize the company and bail out.

During the epidemic prevention and control period, a series of pragmatic measures were introduced to support small and medium-sized enterprises to tide over the difficulties.

For circulation companies, we promptly issued technical guidelines for epidemic prevention and control, steadily promoted the resumption of business and market resumption by districts and levels, and promoted the introduction of policies such as loan extension and rent reduction and exemption to alleviate the pressure on business operations.

For foreign trade and foreign-funded enterprises, we set up a foreign trade and foreign investment coordination mechanism office to find out the difficulties faced by enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises in a timely manner, and introduce targeted policies and measures to promote foreign trade and foreign-funded enterprises to resume work and production quickly, and ensure the stability of the industrial chain supply chain , And strive to stabilize the basic market of foreign trade and foreign investment.

  The second is to help open up the market.

We formulate special support policies to encourage small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in exhibitions such as China International Import Expo, Canton Fair and Service Trade Fair, and expand business opportunities and domestic and foreign market channels through these platforms.

Give full play to the role of overseas enterprises and foreign investment liaison service platforms to guide enterprises to prevent and control the epidemic, and prevent "going out" risks.

  The third is to strengthen capacity building.

We have organized RCEP special trainings covering the whole country to enhance the ability of enterprises to use free trade agreements to promote their own development.

We have also organized many training and exchange activities on international trade compliance, exchange rate hedging business, etc., to effectively enhance the ability of small and medium-sized enterprises to resist risks.

  In the next step, we will give full play to the advantages of connecting internal and external business work, connecting urban and rural areas, and connecting production and sales, and make efforts from both policy and service aspects to implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council.

Make full use of fiscal funds and policy-based financial tools to increase support for small and medium-sized enterprises in the business sector to help companies relieve difficulties.

Provide better public services in exploring domestic and foreign markets and developing international cooperation, build more exchanges and cooperation platforms, create more development opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprises, consolidate the foundation for development, stimulate development vitality, and promote positive interactions between large and medium-sized enterprises. Coordinated development.

  Our reporter Wang Ke Luo Shanshan

Keywords: markets, work, economy, minister of commerce, cycle, cycles, trade, system, ministry of commerce, enterprises, development pattern, interview, level, decisions, wang wentao business