6 departments including the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs jointly issued the plan-

  The "14th Five-Year" agricultural green development has a roadmap (Rui Finance)

  By 2025, the national arable land quality level will reach 4.58; the number of green, organic, and geographical indication agricultural products certification will reach 60,000; the overall pass rate of routine monitoring of agricultural product quality and safety will reach 98%... Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and other 6 departments jointly issued the " The "Fourteenth Five-Year" National Agricultural Green Development Plan (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), which is my country’s first special plan for agricultural green development, has made systematic deployments and specific arrangements for agricultural green development during the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan to promote ecological improvement , The comprehensive promotion of rural revitalization provides a strong guarantee.

  Clear goals and achieve "five obvious"

  “In recent years, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in conjunction with relevant departments, has taken green development as an important guide for the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, and has transformed agricultural development methods. The progress of agricultural green development has been obvious." Development is still in its infancy and still faces many difficulties and challenges. For example, the supply of green high-quality agricultural products is still insufficient, and the incentive and restraint mechanism for green development is not yet complete. It is necessary to increase efforts to promote the comprehensive green transformation of agricultural development.

  Focusing on the green development of agriculture, the "Plan" clarifies the goal: by 2025, the green development of agriculture will be promoted in an all-round way, the institutional system and working mechanism will be basically sound, scientific and technological support and policy guarantees will be stronger, and the green transformation of rural production and lifestyle will make significant progress.

Specifically, to achieve "five obvious."

  The level of resource utilization has been significantly improved.

Cultivated land, water and other agricultural resources have been effectively protected, and the utilization efficiency has been significantly improved. Remarkable progress has been made in the management of degraded cultivated land. An agricultural production system based on the carrying capacity of resources and the environment has been initially established.

  The environmental quality of the production area has improved significantly.

The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has continued to decrease, the level of resource utilization of agricultural waste has been significantly improved, and agricultural non-point source pollution has been effectively curbed.

  The agricultural ecosystem has improved significantly.

Cultivated land ecology has been restored, biodiversity has been effectively protected, farmland ecosystems have become more stable, and ecological functions such as forests, grasslands, and wetlands have been continuously enhanced.

  The supply of green products has increased significantly.

The implementation of standardized and clean agricultural production has been accelerated, the quality and safety of agricultural products and the proportion of branded agricultural products have increased significantly, and the function of agricultural ecological services has been greatly improved.

  The ability to reduce emissions and fix carbon has been significantly enhanced.

The greenhouse gas emission intensity of major agricultural products has been greatly reduced, the ability of agriculture to reduce carbon emissions and cope with climate change has been continuously enhanced, and the efficiency of agricultural energy use has been effectively improved.

  Focus on the key, "three strengthening, one building"

  According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, focusing on key areas and weak links of green development, the "Plan" puts forward the key tasks of "three strengthening and one building".

  Strengthen the protection and utilization of agricultural resources.

According to the third national land survey data, at the end of 2019, the country's arable land was 1.918 billion mu.

Compared with the "Second Adjustment", the country's arable land has been reduced by 113 million mu in the past 10 years.

The "Plan" proposes to implement the most stringent farmland protection system, strengthen the quality of farmland and control degraded farmland.

By 2025, a total of 1.075 billion mu of high-standard farmland will be built; during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, a total of 14 million mu of farmland will be acidified and salinized.

  Strengthen the prevention and control of agricultural non-point source pollution.

Promote reduction and efficiency enhancement of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, promote resource utilization of livestock and poultry manure and straw, and strengthen white pollution control.

  Strengthen the protection and restoration of agricultural ecology.

Establish the concept of ecological civilization that respects nature, conforms to nature, and protects nature, coordinate the promotion of the management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes, grasses and sand systems, protect and restore agricultural ecosystems, enhance ecosystem circulation capabilities, and enhance the value of agricultural ecological products.

  At the same time, build a green and low-carbon agricultural industry chain.

In the production link, deepen the structural reform of the agricultural supply side, promote variety cultivation, quality improvement, brand building and standardized production; in the processing link, adhere to the direction of processing loss, cascade utilization, and circular development, and coordinate the development of primary processing, intensive processing and secondary processing of agricultural products. Product processing and utilization; consumption link, improve the standard system of green agricultural products, strengthen the certification management of green food, organic agricultural products, and geographical indication agricultural products.

Advocate a green and low-carbon lifestyle, carry out management of excessive packaging of agricultural products, and resolutely stop food waste.

  Technological innovation adds momentum to green development

  "In view of the shortcomings in science and technology, the "Plan" proposes to strengthen the momentum of science and technology, improve the green technology innovation system, and strengthen the scientific and technological support for agricultural green development." The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said.

  Specifically, we must do a good job in three areas:

  Promote agricultural green technological innovation.

Strengthen basic research on green science and technology, carry out key technology research, and promote technological integration innovation; improve the green agricultural machinery equipment innovation system, promote the research and development and upgrade of agricultural machinery equipment, accelerate the demonstration and promotion of green and efficient technology and equipment; build a carrier of agricultural green technology innovation.

  Speed ​​up the promotion and application of green applicable technologies.

Promote the transformation of green scientific and technological achievements and advance trials of green technologies, and guide small farmers to apply green technologies.

  Strengthen the construction of green talent team.

Improve the grassroots agricultural technology extension service system.

Cultivate new agricultural business entities.

Support the development of family farms and farmer cooperatives, cultivate leading enterprises and consortia for agricultural industrialization; guide new agricultural business entities to develop green agriculture, ecological agriculture, and circular agriculture; encourage science and technology commissioners to innovate and start businesses in the field of agricultural green development; support new agricultural operations The main body drives ordinary farmers to develop green planting and breeding, and provide professional and full-process green technical services.

At the same time, cultivate green technology promotion talents.

Give full play to the role of colleges and universities and scientific research units, add agricultural green development majors, establish science and technology colleges and practice bases in the production line, and guide scientific research talents to participate in the promotion of green technology.

  Reporter: Liao Ruiling