More than 1 billion netizens!

Network China gathers majestic Weili

  Qian Sijing

  "People's Daily Overseas Edition" (09th Edition on September 02, 2021)

  1.011 billion!

This is the size of China's netizens.

According to the "Statistical Report on the Development of the Internet in China" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report") released a few days ago, as of June 2021, more than 1 billion users in China have connected to the Internet through electronic interaction and communication, building the world's most spectacular number society.

Together with netizens from other countries and regions, they have formed a colorful and vibrant virtual world, giving the "global village" richer connotations.

  On August 25, 1986, China's first e-mail was sent from Beijing to Geneva, Switzerland, which opened the prelude to China's Internet era.

In 1994, China opened a 64K international network dedicated line and formally connected to the Internet.

After 27 years of development, China has grown into an economy with the largest number of netizens in the digital world and the widest networked area. The "Internet China" in the virtual space has burst out majestic powers of reality and promotes China's economic and social development.

New infrastructure development

The world's largest information and communication network is completed

  Behind the world's largest netizen country is tangible and high-level network software and hardware support.

Over the years, China has been striving to strengthen the construction of information and communication networks and carry out urban and rural information network service improvement projects. Especially in the past two years, it has promoted the construction of new digital infrastructure such as 5G base stations, big data centers, and industrial Internet, and built the world's largest information with significantly improved performance. Communication network system.

  The "Report" shows that the quality and popularity of China's Internet services have reached a new level.

As of April 2021, the proportion of China's fiber optic broadband users has increased to 94%, and the end-to-end user experience speed of fixed broadband has reached 51.2Mbps.

According to statistics from international speed testing agencies, China's fixed broadband speed ranks 18th among 176 countries and regions in the world, and mobile network speed ranks 4th among 139 countries and regions in the world.

China's 5G commercial level continues to maintain a global lead.

As of May 2021, China's 5G standard essential patent declarations accounted for more than 38%, ranking first in the world; 5G application innovation cases have exceeded 9,000, and 5G is rapidly integrating into thousands of industries.

In the field of industrial Internet, a platform system of "comprehensive + distinctive + professional" has been basically formed. More than 100 industrial Internet platforms with certain industry and regional influence have been established, and the number of connected devices has exceeded 70 million units (sets). There are more than 590,000 industrial apps, and more than 1,500 "5G+Industrial Internet" projects are under construction, covering more than 20 important industries in the national economy.

  According to the "Report", as of June 2021, the number of rural Internet users in China was 297 million, and the Internet penetration rate in rural areas was 59.2%, an increase of 3.3% from December 2020, and the Internet penetration rate in urban and rural areas was further reduced.

This situation is attributed to the continuous advancement of digital village construction.

In recent years, the communication infrastructure in rural areas has been gradually improved, achieving "same network and same speed" with cities.

The ratio of fiber optic and 4G in the designated villages has exceeded 99%. By the end of this year, it is expected that the dynamic "clearing" of the designated villages without broadband will be achieved.

With the improvement of digital applications, the vast sinking market gradually enjoys the convenience and benefits brought by digitalization.

As of June 2021, the online retail scale of agricultural products has reached 208.82 billion yuan, and the coverage of express delivery outlets in towns and villages across the country has reached 98%, effectively opening up the terminal cycle of rural consumption upgrades and agricultural products upward.

Innovation and vitality

Gratifying achievements in information technology in multiple fields

  As a major country in the development of the information industry, China continues to maintain the vitality of information technology innovation and has made gratifying achievements in many frontier fields.

The "Report" shows that Chinese scientists have made breakthroughs in many aspects this year.

  While the application of 5G in many fields is in full swing, the research and development of 6G communication technology has achieved fruitful results.

At present, China has become the main source country for 6G patent applications. Among the over 38,000 patent applications in the field of 6G communication technology, there are more than 13,000 patent applications in China, or 15,800, accounting for 35%. Ranked first in the world.

  In the field of quantum technology, Tsinghua University completed the highly efficient entanglement connection between two DLCZ quantum relay modules in an experiment for the first time, which is a key step in the realization of a practical quantum relay.

The research team of the University of Science and Technology of China has made an important breakthrough in the field of optical quantum storage, increasing the optical storage time to 1 hour, which greatly refreshed the world record of 1 minute for optical storage of the German team in 2013, and has taken an important step towards the realization of a quantum USB disk. At the same time, the team realized multi-mode quantum relay for the first time, realizing predictable quantum entanglement between two absorbing quantum memories, which opened a feasible direction for the development of quantum relay and laid the foundation for the construction of practical high-speed quantum networks.

  Satellite Internet is a low-orbit broadband satellite Internet constructed using low-earth orbit satellites. It has the characteristics of low latency and easy global coverage.

In recent years, relevant parties in China have devoted themselves to building a satellite Internet system called the "Hongyun Project".

According to the plan, 156 satellites will be launched and networked in orbits 1,000 kilometers away from the ground to build a satellite-borne broadband global mobile Internet network to achieve uniform global coverage.

On May 13 this year, the first satellite produced by China's first small satellite intelligent production line was rolled off the assembly line, marking that China has satellite mass production capacity and laying the foundation for the implementation of the "Hongyun Project".

Almost at the same time, a series of low-orbit satellite constellation system technology experiments have achieved breakthroughs, achieving deep integration of low-orbit satellite networks and terrestrial 5G networks, and taking a key step in China's world-wide network technology research.

Digital transformation

Speed ​​up the high-quality development of the three industries

  "Internet+" and "Smart+" continue to advance in depth, which not only greatly improves the labor productivity of traditional industries, but also further innovates and enriches the business formats, produces many new forms of production organization and labor methods, and further liberates and develops the productivity and comprehensive , Continue and in-depth promote the digital transformation of agriculture, industry, and service industries, and the industry looks completely new.

  The application level of smart agriculture has been significantly improved.

The Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, 5G and other information technologies are accelerating the deep integration of agricultural production. Intelligent equipment such as unmanned tractors, unmanned seedling throwers, and "5G + smart greenhouses" promote accurate perception and intelligent decision-making in the process of agricultural production and breeding, and help agriculture The development is moving from informatization to standardization and intelligence.

  The integration of digital technology and the manufacturing industry accelerates.

"Report" statistics show that as of June 2021, the numerical control rate of key processes and the penetration rate of digital R&D design tools have reached 53.7% and 73.7% respectively, and the manufacturing industry's readiness for digital transformation has continued to improve.

Key industries such as electronic equipment production and equipment manufacturing use digital technology to continuously innovate, build collaborative R&D and design, remote equipment control, flexible manufacturing, drone inspection and other digital application scenarios of "5G+Industrial Internet", and promote the continuous upgrading of industrial digitalization.

  The digital service market has accelerated development.

As of June 2021, the number of users of online food delivery and online travel booking in my country reached 469 million and 367 million, accounting for 46.4% and 36.3% of the total netizens; the number of users of online office, online education, and online medical services reached 381 million and 3.25, respectively. 100 million and 239 million, respectively accounting for 37.7%, 32.1% and 23.7% of the total netizens.

Various traditional service markets, from catering, tourism, office, education, and medical care, have realized online and offline integration due to digital empowerment, which has further promoted the prosperity and development of the service industry.

At the same time, digitalization also provides new opportunities for the high-quality development of the service industry, and further improves the efficiency and quality of services.

For example, the smart supply chain system continuously optimizes the basic operations of enterprises, big data and machine learning help enterprises realize digital-driven management, and the big data platform guides enterprises to improve operating rules and strategies.

Link one

Regulate the development of online education

  According to the 48th "Statistical Report on China's Internet Development Status" released a few days ago, as of June 2021, the number of online education users in China reached 325 million, a decrease of 16.78 million from December 2020, accounting for 32.1% of the total Internet users.

  In the first half of 2021, relevant national departments have intensively introduced regulatory policies for elementary and secondary education, rectified off-campus training classes, deepened the reform of off-school education and training, further standardized management in related fields, and accelerated the penetration of leading companies in the fields of adult education and smart hardware.

In May 2021, the 19th meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensive Deepening Reform deliberated and approved the "Opinions on Further Reducing the Burden of Students’ Work and Off-campus Training in Compulsory Education", pointing out the disorderly development of off-campus training institutions. "The phenomenon is prominent, and it is necessary to comprehensively regulate and manage off-campus training institutions.

In June 2021, the Ministry of Education announced the establishment of an off-campus education and training supervision department, which is mainly responsible for the management of off-campus education and training for primary and secondary school students (including kindergarten children).

  In an environment with increasingly standardized policies, leading online education companies in primary and secondary schools have accelerated their transformation by digging new opportunities in subdivisions and exploring new models of cross-industry integration.

In the field of campus smart devices, classroom smart large screens, interactive smart tablets, etc. have gradually entered the campus with the advancement of education informatization.


Link two

Strengthen antitrust and data security legislation

  The 48th "Statistical Report on China's Internet Development Status" recently released shows that in the first half of 2021, relevant state departments will further strengthen the governance of digital platforms and data protection.

In February 2021, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of the State Council issued and implemented the "Guidelines for Anti-Monopoly in the Field of Platform Economy", which put forward clear regulatory requirements on digital platform monopoly agreements, abuse of market dominance, concentration of operators, abuse of administrative power to exclude and restrict competition, etc. Provide direction guidance for supervision.

Relevant departments have successively investigated a number of suspected violations of laws and regulations in the Internet field, and the State Administration of Market Supervision has imposed administrative penalties on the platform’s “choose one” monopoly behavior in accordance with the law.

In June 2021, the "Data Security Law of the People's Republic of China" was promulgated; in August, the "Personal Information Protection Law of the People's Republic of China" was reviewed and passed, marking the further improvement of my country's information security legal protection system.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other relevant departments continued to carry out special rectification, inspected 760,000 apps, notified 748 illegal apps, and removed 245 apps that refused to be rectified.