According to the "2020 Blue Book of Chinese Youth Rental Life" released by Xinhuanet and Ziru Youjia Apartment, the number of people renting houses in China has exceeded 200 million, and it is expected to reach 240 million in two years.

Many young people are on the only way to enter the society. Problems such as expensive rent, running off the second landlord, and poor decoration quality have become their pain points in renting.

  On August 24, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the "Beijing Housing Leasing Regulations (Consultation Draft)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations") and publicly solicited opinions from the public.

The "Regulations" has 6 chapters and 81 articles, which regulate hot issues such as long-term rental apartment supervision, rent loans, online listings, and group renting.

  Qin Hong, director of the Urban Renewal Research Center of the National Development Institute of Renmin University of China, said that the "Regulations" reflect the policy background and future trends of the country's management of the housing market.

Under the premise of long-term implementation and adherence to the positioning of "housing to live without speculation", the state attaches great importance to the problem of urban housing structure and pays attention to the protection of the housing rights of new citizens and young people in big cities.

  "In the past, the domestic real estate industry was centered on the sale of houses, and the housing leasing market was relatively immature. In the future, the central government will focus on promoting the healthy development of the housing leasing market. For this reason, it is a future development trend to promote the maturity of the housing leasing market through legislation and regulations. "Qin Hong said.

  According to Lou Jianbo, director of the Real Estate Law Research Center of Peking University, one of the highlights of the "Regulations" is that Beijing is the first place where the Party Central Committee’s positioning of "housing, housing and not speculation" and the establishment of a housing system featuring "rent and purchase" have been incorporated into the local government. Sexual laws of the city.

Compared with general policy documents, local regulations are the highest level of urban legislation.

  High rent pressure

Operation plan of "Housing and living without speculation"

  For some young residents in big cities, rent is an important expenditure.

Ma Li, a member of the Beijing Municipal Housing Security Decision-making Consultation Expert Group, introduced that the "Regulations" coordinate housing construction, price control and other departments to formulate rent price control operations.

  The national version of the "Regulations on Housing Leasing" (draft for comments) stipulates: "If rents increase too fast, necessary measures can be taken to conduct reasonable adjustments."

  The "Regulations" detailed control measures, Article 60 is proposed to stipulate: "This Municipality shall establish a rent monitoring and release mechanism. When housing rents are rising rapidly, the competent departments of housing and urban-rural construction can take measures to restrict the rents of housing leasing companies operating houses. Measures such as increasing the rate of increase, investigating and punishing rent-raising behaviors, and regulating the housing rental market. Commissions or rental guide prices can be implemented when necessary."

  According to the rent control thoughts issued by the central government, Beijing has proposed specific operations such as restricting the rent increase of housing leasing companies operating listings, investigating and punishing rent-raising behavior, implementing commissions, and rent guidance prices.

  Ma Li said that commission is one of the tenants' financial burdens.

Since 2016, the intermediary fee for renting houses has been adjusted from a guide price to a market-adjusted price, that is, the cap price set by the government is changed to a market price negotiated by both parties. The rent is generally paid by the tenant, and the standard is mostly one month's rent.

The implementation of the commission guide price will help reduce the actual burden of the tenant.

  "Implementing the rent guide price is what many people have called for." Ma Li said that the rent guide price is the upper limit or increase of the rent by the government in different regions to ensure that the rent is kept within a reasonable range. "This area may have some price increases. The area that is too fast may also be the full range."

  Fight your wits when renting a house

Protect the rights of tenants

  The landlord suddenly increases rent, the second landlord runs off the road, and the black intermediary refuses to refund the deposit... For some young people who lack renting experience, renting a house sometimes requires a battle of wisdom and courage with many parties, and their rights and interests are often not guaranteed.

  To this end, the "Regulations" adopted various measures to emphasize the protection of the rights and interests of the lessee. It is proposed to stipulate that the lessor shall not unilaterally increase the rent during the contract period. The monthly rent is collected, and the deposit is generally not more than one month’s rent; the lessor shall not use violence, threats, or water or electricity to force the lessee to return the rented house or bear the expenses outside the contract; the indoor decoration air quality does not meet the relevant standards and specifications Cannot be rented out.

  In addition, the "Regulations" plan to stipulate that Beijing will establish and improve a housing rental management service platform, use scientific and technological means to provide services such as contract signing, information inquiry, information verification, registration and filing, and establish an information exchange and sharing mechanism with public security, education and other departments. .

The lessor shall sign the housing lease contract through the housing lease management service platform network, and complete the housing lease registration and rental registration simultaneously.

  Signing lease contracts through the city's unified lease platform network means that a public infrastructure is provided for the leasing market, and the lessor does not need to "do one thing, two runs" or worry about personal information security.

  Lou Jianbo introduced that the "Regulations" stipulate that "the lessee can use the registered lease contract as a voucher to apply for points settlement, children's compulsory education and enrollment, provident fund withdrawal and other public services in accordance with the law." Errands.

  Rent becomes loan, brand explodes

Strict management of long-term rental apartments

  In recent years, driven by capital, the chaos of long-term rental apartments, such as long-term income and short-term payment, high income and low output, thunderstorms, and excessive formaldehyde have continued to cause serious damage to the rights and interests of both renters and residents.

  In order to prevent housing leasing companies from using the "fund pool" to expand disorderly, the "Regulations" proposes to stipulate that the amount of rent collected by leasing companies from the lessee shall not exceed the sum of 3 months of rent, and the deposit shall not exceed 1 month of rent.

  The relevant person in charge of Beijing Ziru stated that the "Regulations" are conducive to guiding the long-term stable development of the industry, maintaining a clear and clear housing rental market environment, further protecting the legitimate interests of owners and tenants, and also conducive to the steady operation of the company itself.

Enterprises will actively respond to the call of the policy, and connect with relevant departments in compliance operation, credit construction, operation management, etc., to maintain the healthy development of the industry.

  Qin Hong said that in the next step, the state will vigorously develop a rental housing market that is uniformly owned, operated, managed, and rented by institutions, with relatively complete management quality and relatively high service levels.

"Solving young people’s immediate housing needs will help ensure their future career development and family stability."

  Intern Chen Huiqi China Youth Daily · China Youth Daily reporter Hu Ning Source: China Youth Daily