Promote development, make up for shortcomings, protect people's livelihood... Finance supports a comprehensive well-off society in this way

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, July 30 -

Question: to promote development, make up the short board, people's livelihood ...... financial support for such a comprehensive well-off

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Wei Yukun and Shen Cheng

  Finance is the foundation and important pillar of national governance.

  From 2012 to 2020, the national fiscal revenue totaled 142.8 trillion yuan, an average annual growth rate of 5.7%.

The country’s growing financial resources provide a solid financial guarantee for the decisive victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way.

  Minister of Finance Liu Kun and other persons in charge gave an in-depth interpretation of the role of fiscal work in building a well-off society in an all-round way at the press conference of the State Council Information Office on the 30th.

Accurately implement proactive fiscal policies, scientifically regulate and promote development

  Implementing proactive fiscal policies for 10 consecutive years, adapting to changes in economic development and market players’ urgent need to enrich policy connotations, reasonably determine the level of deficit rates, expand the scale of government investment, implement large-scale tax and fee reductions, and resolutely refrain from "overwhelming flooding" Strong stimulation, camera pre-adjustment and fine-tuning, "precise drip irrigation", effectively play the role of counter-cyclical adjustment...

  "The precise implementation of the proactive fiscal policy effectively hedges the downward pressure on the economy, and promotes economic operation within a reasonable range and high-quality development." Liu Kun said.

  At present, the domestic and international environment is still complicated and there are many factors of uncertainty and instability. To this end, a proactive fiscal policy must improve quality and efficiency, be more sustainable, and promote stable and stable economic operations.

  Liu Kun said that in the second half of the year, we will continue to maintain the continuity, stability and sustainability of the fiscal policy, do not make a sharp turn, and maintain the necessary support for economic recovery.

Support the implementation of policies to expand domestic demand, stabilize and expand household consumption, actively expand investment space, implement the policy of fine-grained tax and fee reduction, and resolutely refrain from charging excessive taxes and fees.

  How to further implement the tax and fee reduction policy?

Vice Minister of Finance Xu Hongcai said that since this year, my country has continued to implement systemic tax reduction policies, adjusted phased tax and fee reduction policies by classification, and introduced new structural tax reduction policies. It is expected that the burden of market entities will be reduced by more than 7,000 throughout the year. 100 million yuan.

  Xu Hongcai said that in the next step, efforts will be made to optimize the implementation mechanism, enhance the effect of policy implementation, and clean up and standardize various types of illegal charges related to enterprises, so that enterprises have more sense of gain.

Focus on the key, push for innovation, promote overall planning and make up for shortcomings

  "The financial department has always adhered to the innovation-driven development strategy, continued to increase investment in science and technology, and innovated and improved policy mechanisms." Liu Kun said.

  From 2012 to 2021, the national general public budget for science and technology expenditures increased from 445.263 billion yuan to 932.1 billion yuan, focusing on supporting integrated circuits, new energy vehicles, new-generation information technology and other fields, and focusing on ensuring key core technologies.

  In addition to focusing on key innovations, the financial sector has continued to strengthen its efforts to make up for shortcomings.

  From 2012 to 2021, the central government’s transfer payments to local governments increased from 4.54 trillion yuan to 8.34 trillion yuan, and were tilted towards financially difficult areas and underdeveloped areas. The national general public budget for agriculture, forestry and water expenditure increased by 8.5% annually; research was published. Support the high-quality development of the Hainan Free Trade Port, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and other fiscal and tax policies; the coordination of urban and rural regional development continues to increase, and the shortcomings of public services are accelerated...

  Liu Kun said that in the second half of the year, we will focus on supporting the implementation of major national strategic tasks, focusing on the largest country, supporting the fight for key core technologies, and promoting the optimization and upgrading of the industrial chain and supply chain.

At the same time, focus on advancing risk prevention and resolution, coordinate the issuance of national debt and local government bonds, strengthen the resolution of local government debt stock risks and the prevention of incremental risks, and resolutely prevent the grassroots "three guarantees" risks to ensure that no regional or systematic risks occur. The risk of sex.

Accurately implement assistance measures to secure the bottom line to protect people's livelihood

  Improving people's livelihood and well-being is the fundamental purpose of development.

How does the financial sector play a supporting role in safeguarding people's livelihood?

Liu Kun listed a set of data:

  ——From 2012 to 2020, the central government will invest 689.6 billion yuan in special poverty alleviation funds; in 2021, the central government will allocate 156.1 billion yuan in subsidies for the promotion of rural revitalization;

  ——From 2012 to 2021, the national general public budget for education expenditure increased from 2.12 trillion yuan to 3.82 trillion yuan, social security and employment expenditure increased from 1.26 trillion yuan to 3.44 trillion yuan, and health expenditure increased from 805.8 billion yuan. Yuan increased to 1,865.9 billion yuan...

  A good ecological environment is the fairest public product and the most inclusive people's livelihood.

Vice Minister of Finance Zhu Zhongming said that the Ministry of Finance continues to increase capital investment and vigorously supports the fight against pollution.

From 2016 to 2020, the national government has allocated 441.2 billion yuan in ecological and environmental protection funds, an average annual growth of 8.2%.

  In 2021, the Ministry of Finance will continue to firmly establish the bottom line of basic people's livelihood.

Liu Kun introduced that this year, the national general public budget has allocated 3061.6 billion yuan for education expenditures, social security and employment expenditures of 34,427.27 billion yuan, health care expenditures of 1,865.9 billion yuan, and cultural, tourism, sports and communication expenditures of 418 billion yuan.

  How is the money used?

  Increase employment assistance for key groups, continue to implement the expansion policy of unemployment insurance; further favor the poor areas in the central and western regions, implement the policy of subsidizing students from families with financial difficulties; accelerate the national overall planning of basic endowment insurance for enterprise employees; appropriately increase medical insurance for urban and rural residents The per capita financial subsidy standard will simultaneously increase the level of personal payment...

  Liu Kun said that while strengthening basic people's livelihood protection, we should pay more attention to the effectiveness and sustainability of people's livelihood policies and measures, promote the management of people's livelihood expenditure lists, improve the scientific nature of people's livelihood expenditure fund management, and continue to implement people's livelihood dividends.