(Economic Observation) Environmental protection tax has been levied for more than three years, China's green road is getting wider

  China News Service, Beijing, June 10 (Reporter Zhao Jianhua) Since 2018, China has implemented the environmental protection tax law and levied environmental protection taxes. It has been more than three years so far.

According to data released by the State Administration of Taxation on the 10th, the environmental protection tax has been levied for more than three years, and taxpayers’ declarations of major air pollutants, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, have dropped by 3.5% and 3.1% annually, respectively. The major water pollutants are chemical The average annual decrease of oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions reached 3.8% and 3.3%, respectively. The blue sky and white clouds, green mountains and green water increased significantly, and the environment improved year by year.

  At the same time, the pollution equivalent per 10,000 yuan (RMB, the same below) GDP output value has fallen from 1.16 equivalent in 2018 to 0.86 equivalent in 2020, a decrease of 25.8%.

  Over the past three years, the environmental protection tax system has been continuously improved.

In May of this year, the announcement jointly issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Finance, and the State Administration of Taxation came into effect, further improving the calculation method of taxable pollutant emissions from environmental protection taxes, and further improving the certainty of the application of environmental protection tax policies.

Since June 1st, the combined declaration of 10 property and behavior tax categories including environmental protection tax has been implemented nationwide, enabling taxpayers to log in at one time and fill in one at the end, and tax processing efficiency has been greatly improved.

  At the same time, all provinces, municipalities, and municipalities have made overall consideration of the regional environmental carrying capacity, pollutant discharge status, and economic, social and ecological development goals and requirements, formulated the regional air and water pollutant taxes, and gave full play to the tax leverage to guide enterprises.

  Under the positive incentives of policies and the promotion of all parties, energy conservation, emission reduction, and green development have become the choices of more and more companies.

  In Guizhou, Shougang Shuicheng Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd. is a large-scale state-owned steel complex and a major polluter.

In the year when the environmental protection tax was levied, the company formulated the 2018 Green Action Plan implementation plan, with a total investment of 49.68 million yuan, implemented 11 environmental protection projects, and comprehensively promoted the construction of "green factories".

  In Shandong, Weihai Longgang Paper Co., Ltd., which is also a "high energy consumption" and "high pollution" enterprise, invested 30 million yuan in technological transformation to quantitatively manage indicators such as greenhouse gas emissions, comprehensive energy consumption, and solid waste treatment.

  The company's investment in environmental protection is rewarded.

In Liaoning, Anshan Iron and Steel Group, which produces nearly 10 million tons of solid waste such as steel slag and blast furnace water slag each year, has invested hundreds of millions of yuan in the comprehensive development and utilization of smelting waste slag, and has developed 11 series of metallurgical slag products including refined slag steel and slag powder.

Comprehensive utilization of solid waste can enjoy tax reduction and exemption, and the production of environmentally friendly new materials can increase revenue by 200 million yuan each year.

  In Jiangsu, since the implementation of the environmental tax law, Nanjing Yinmao Lead-Zinc Mining Co., Ltd. has invested more than 30 million yuan in innovative research, development and application of a number of green development technologies with strong applicability, high comprehensive resource recovery rate, and environmentally friendly development.

While the environmental protection taxes and fees paid by enterprises have been reduced, economic benefits have increased year by year. Net profit in 2020 will increase by 120% compared with 2017.

  In Chongqing, from 2018 to the first quarter of 2021, Huaneng Chongqing Luohuang Power Generation Co., Ltd. reduced or exempted a total of 7.245 million yuan in environmental tax, and purchased energy-saving, water-saving, environmental protection, and safe production equipment to offset more than 2 million yuan in corporate income tax.

  Visible dividends have allowed more and more companies to move from "passive emission reduction" to "active pollution control."

According to the State Administration of Taxation, since the implementation of the Environmental Tax Law, the number of taxpayers who have used automatic monitoring methods to declare environmental taxes has increased from 23,000 to 44,000. Taxpayers have enjoyed a cumulative tax reduction of 10.26 billion yuan due to low-standard emissions due to concentrated sewage. The processing enjoys a tax-free dividend of 15.22 billion yuan, and the comprehensive utilization of solid waste enjoys a tax-free dividend of 3.99 billion yuan.

  Wang Jun, director of the State Administration of Taxation, said that the taxation department will continue to improve the green taxation system, better play the important role of environmental protection tax in environmental governance, make the sky bluer, the mountains greener, and the water clearer, making China more beautiful.

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