Chinanews.com.cn on May 14th. The Civil Aviation Administration of China has officially released the "Roadmap of China's Civil Aviation New Generation Aviation Broadband Communication Technology". At a press conference held by the Civil Aviation Administration on the 14th, Zhang Ruiqing, deputy director of the Air Traffic Control Office of the Civil Aviation Administration, conducted this Interpretation.
Zhang Ruiqing introduced that the "China Civil Aviation New Generation Aviation Broadband Communication Technology Roadmap" proposes to vigorously promote the application of a new generation of aviation broadband communications, build a civil aviation 5G network that combines public and private use, and actively build a world-class modern civil aviation communications infrastructure system. Facilitate the construction and operation of smart civil aviation transportation systems.
This is the first time that the Civil Aviation Administration has clearly proposed a systematic implementation path for the application of a new generation of aviation broadband communication technology represented by 5G in China's civil aviation.
Zhang Ruiqing pointed out that the new generation of aviation broadband communication technology is a key technology to promote the digital transformation of the civil aviation industry and empower "smart civil aviation."
The comprehensive establishment of aircraft broadband communication capabilities with aviation safety communications as the core is an important measure to implement several opinions of the State Council on promoting the development of the civil aviation industry, an important measure to promote the construction and development of smart civil aviation, and a strong guarantee for the high-quality development of the civil aviation industry. An important technical support for the construction of a powerful civil aviation nation in multiple fields.
Based on a wide range of opinions, the Civil Aviation Administration of China, in accordance with the overall development strategy plan of China's civil aviation, in order to coordinate and clarify the development direction of 5G communication technology in the field of civil aviation, provide technical guidance for various civil aviation operating units to use wireless data communication technology to solve operational needs, combined with international The relevant requirements of the Civil Aviation Organization for safe communications have formulated and issued a "Road Map."
The "Roadmap" pointed out that it is necessary to adhere to the new development concept, thoroughly implement the "Action Program for Building a Powerful Civil Aviation Country in the New Era", implement the overall work thinking of civil aviation "One Two Three Three Four" during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, and promote new development based on 5G communication technology. The independent innovation of a generation of aviation broadband communication technology has accelerated the landing of my country's core superior technologies in the field of communications in the civil aviation industry.
At the same time, the four main tasks of civil aviation regulation and standard system construction, international standard formulation, construction of "four capabilities", and demonstration and promotion in the whole field have been clarified.
The "Roadmap" clarifies that it is necessary to vigorously promote the application of a new generation of aviation broadband communications, build a civil aviation 5G network that combines public and private use, and actively build a world-class modern civil aviation communication infrastructure system to facilitate the construction and operation of smart civil aviation.
Considering that the application of new-generation aviation broadband communication technology is a long-term task and needs to be implemented step by step, the "Roadmap" divides the implementation of China's civil aviation new-generation aviation broadband communication technology application into three phases, namely the short-term (2021-2025), In the mid-term (2025-2030) and long-term (2030-2035), the main tasks to be completed in each phase are proposed.
The short-term task is that by the end of 2025, it is the demonstration and promotion stage. The main goal is to complete the application demonstration of "locomotive-vehicle-track-facilities" (with changes) based on the 5G AeroMACS 2.0 technology and promote it in the industry to deepen the new generation of aviation broadband Demonstration of typical applications of communication systems in various fields of civil aviation.
The mid-term mission is that by the end of 2030, it is the full-scale application stage. The main goal is to build a smart network infrastructure based on a new generation of aviation broadband communication system that combines public and private use to achieve air traffic control, airports, airlines, service guarantees, etc. Intelligent interconnection of all main operating elements.
The long-term mission is that by the end of 2035, for the integration and sharing stage, the main goal is to build a new generation of aviation broadband communication system that integrates air, space and ground, realizes "full coverage" of civil aviation industry applications, and fully realizes the ubiquitous interconnection of various elements of the civil aviation ecosystem. , Information interoperability and sharing, to lay a solid foundation for the realization of a modern civil aviation infrastructure system of "one face for travel, one order for logistics, one inspection for customs clearance, one network for operation, and one platform for supervision".
The "Roadmap" requires that the Civil Aviation Administration, domestic equipment manufacturers, domestic commercial aircraft manufacturers, unmanned aircraft manufacturers, transportation aviation operators, general aviation operators, airport operation units, air traffic control operation units, communication operators, etc. All parties should clarify their responsibilities and division of labor, and actively build a system and mechanism for the participation and cooperation of multiple entities, so as to provide a solid guarantee for the application of the new generation of aviation broadband communication technology in the civil aviation industry.
During the implementation of the "Roadmap", the civil aviation industry needs to focus on strengthening the capacity building in four areas.
The first is to improve infrastructure capabilities, and carry out the construction and application of civil aviation 5G private network/public network in accordance with the application requirements of the civil aviation industry and related requirements of aviation safety communication, covering operating scenarios such as airports, air traffic control, airlines, passengers, and supervision;
The second is to establish technical certification capabilities, build a new generation of aviation broadband communication technology certification laboratory, carry out technical certification and testing that comply with international civil aviation standards, and complete the civil aviation application verification and evaluation of related systems;
The third is to improve equipment research and development capabilities, guide the research and development, verification and manufacturing of related avionics and ground equipment, and carry out airworthiness and operation approval of avionics equipment and approval of the use and operation of ground equipment;
The fourth is to improve air navigation service capabilities, develop new generation aviation broadband communication system-related supporting capabilities in operating units such as airports, air traffic control, and airlines, formulate and improve relevant rules, processes and working procedures, and complete relevant personnel training.
Zhang Ruiqing said that in addition to building these four capabilities, it is necessary to study and formulate relevant policies, regulations and technical standards supporting the civil aviation application of the new generation of aviation broadband communication systems, including the establishment of a domestic regulatory and standard system as well as the formulation of international standards. .
With these as a foundation, a new generation of aviation broadband communication technology based on 5G can fully support the construction of a smart civil aviation system with "smart airports, smart air traffic control, smart aircraft operation, and smart supervision" as the core in the near future, and serve the wisdom of civil aviation. Travel.
A reporter asked a question that 5G plays a very important role in this "Roadmap". What are the main considerations for this?
Civil aviation is an industry that attaches great importance to safety. How to handle the relationship between the promotion and application of 5G and the safety of civil aviation operations?
Zhang Ruiqing said that 5G communication is my country's core advantage technology field, and it is also an important engine to drive the development of domestic related industries in the future.
From the first mention of “5G” in the 2017 government work report, to the transition of 5G applications from mobile Internet to industrial Internet in 2019, entering the first year of commercial (industry) use, the national policy’s emphasis on 5G has continued to increase.
2020 is a critical year for 5G development. The Central Committee and the State Council have repeatedly emphasized "accelerating the pace of 5G commercial use" in meetings and documents, fully demonstrating the importance and urgency of 5G in stimulating new infrastructure and economic growth.
Zhang Ruiqing pointed out that the survey shows that my country's 5G policy can be roughly divided into supporting 5G-related base construction and deployment, cultivating 5G technology application scenarios, increasing 5G technology research and development, and building a 5G security system.
It can be seen that the country's 5G planning and development focus is not limited to pure mobile communications, but more importantly, it is deeply integrated with related industries to build an application ecosystem.
Civil aviation is a technology-intensive industry, and the full promotion of the application of new technologies is an important part of the development of civil aviation, and it is also the only way for my country to become a powerful country in civil aviation in many fields. The deep integration and application of 5G and the civil aviation industry are important to the development of the industry. significance.
He said that civil aviation has high requirements for technical security, so the application of 5G in civil aviation should also adopt a combination of secure and non-secure communications according to different scenarios. This is not completely the same as the 5G network used on mobile phones daily. Equivalent. At present, the application scenarios of the new generation of aviation broadband communication technology in the field of civil aviation mainly include: the special aviation network on the airport surface used by aircraft and vehicles in the airport flight area, the public network used by passengers in the terminal, and the open space used by the front cabin of the aircraft during the flight phase. Communication network, and the air Internet used in the rear cabin, etc. These four types of scenarios basically cover the entire stage and the entire process of civil aviation airports, air traffic control, and aircraft operations. Through the reasonable setting of technological evolution routes and transition plans for various application scenarios, the establishment of China's civil aviation 5G AeroMACS, 5G LDACS, 5G ATG and 5G Technical standard systems such as public networks and equipment R&D and application systems can provide solutions that combine 5G public and private networks, as well as secure communications and non-secure communications, so that 5G can truly empower smart civil aviation and promote high-quality safety in civil aviation development of.