Three Dutch municipalities and the province of Limburg are said to have provided financial support for years to controversial Chinese institutions, which are supported by the Beijing government.

This involves a total of half a million euros in public money, according to a study by

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Confucius Institutes are run by the Chinese government and provide Chinese language and culture lessons abroad.

They are part of Beijing's strategy to expand China's power abroad.

Three Dutch municipalities and a province have invested a total of 492,500 euros in the establishment and financing of a Confucius Institute in their area.

The institutes were controversial in the years when they received money.

The Hague spent 32,500 euros in 2006, the municipality of Groningen spent 30,000 euros annually between 2011 and 2020 and Maastricht and the province of Limburg jointly spent 40,000 euros per year from 2017 to last year.