The digital code behind the top 100 cities: 23 cities have a GDP exceeding one trillion yuan, and all 13 cities in Jiangsu are shortlisted
Among the more than 330 cities above the prefecture level in the country, the top 100 cities are among the best.
So, in 2020, how will the top 100 cities perform economically?
Based on the data and public reports released by the statistical bureaus of various regions, China Business News found that the total economic volume of the top 100 cities in GDP in 2020 will exceed 72 trillion yuan, accounting for over 70% of the country.
Judging from the status of the shortlisted provinces, all 13 cities in Jiangsu were shortlisted, with 11 and 10 cities in Shandong and Guangdong respectively.
In terms of economic growth, Qujing, a small city in the southwest, leads with 6.6%.
The sum of the top 100 GDP exceeds 72 trillion
Statistics show that in 2020, the total GDP of the top 100 cities will reach 72,048.125 billion yuan, accounting for 70.9% of the country's total, an increase of about 0.5% over the previous year.
This also shows that cities with large economic aggregates have further improved their ability to gather resources and population.
Hu Gang, president of the South China Urban Research Association and professor of Jinan University, analyzed China Business News that with the accelerated development of urbanization, the population is gathering in central cities, and central cities are adjusted through administrative divisions and merged with surrounding prefecture-level cities and county-level cities , Under various factors, the proportion of the top 100 cities will further increase in the future.
In 2020, the 100th city, Yibin, has a GDP of 280.212 billion yuan, and the threshold for the top 100 cities has increased by 9.7 billion yuan over the previous year.
Among the top 100 cities, there are 45 cities with a GDP exceeding 500 billion yuan. Among them, Luoyang, the 45th city, has a GDP of 512.84 billion yuan. This is also the only prefecture-level city in the central and western regions that has exceeded the 500 billion mark.
The number of cities exceeding the trillion yuan mark has increased to 23, an increase of 6 over the previous year. The 6 new cities are Quanzhou, Jinan, Hefei, Nantong, Xi'an and Fuzhou.
Among them, the top ten cities are: Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Suzhou, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Nanjing.
The highlights of the transformation and upgrading and structural adjustment of these big cities are very prominent.
For example, according to data released by the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Shanghai will achieve a regional GDP of 3.870058 billion yuan in 2020, and its total GDP will continue to rank first among cities in the country.
The total output value of the city’s industrial strategic emerging industries was 1,393.066 billion yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the previous year, and the growth rate was 1.0 percentage point higher than the previous three quarters.
Among them, new energy vehicles increased by 1.7 times, new materials increased by 10.8%, and new energy increased by 8.5%.
Ranked 6th, Suzhou will achieve a GDP of 2017.05 billion in 2020, becoming the first city in Jiangsu and the sixth nationwide GDP to exceed two trillion yuan. It is also the only prefecture-level city that has been promoted to a two-trillion yuan club. It is praised by the outside world. "The strongest prefecture-level city."
Nanjing, which ranked 11th in 2019, will achieve a GDP of 1,481,795 million yuan in 2020. After entering the Trillion Club for the first time in 2016, it has also ranked among the top ten in the country for the first time, achieving a new breakthrough.
Niu Fengrui, a researcher at the Research Center for Urban Development and Environment of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed by China Business News that in recent years, as technological innovation has become the basic driving force for development, cities with a cluster of universities, scientific research institutions, and cultural infrastructures have existing technological resources and technology. The fundamental advantages are brought into play.
Nanjing's colleges and universities have strong strengths. In recent years, they have given full play to the advantages of science and education resources, vigorously build a famous science and technology city, and develop emerging industries.
All 13 cities in Jiangsu are shortlisted
In terms of four regions, there are 56 cities in the eastern coastal area that are among the top 100, an increase of 1 over the previous year; there are 25 cities in the 6 central provinces, one less than the previous year; there are 15 cities in the western region, the same as the previous year; the northeast The number of regions is the same as the previous year, with 4 sub-provincial cities.
In terms of specific provinces, in addition to the four municipalities directly under the Central Government, the remaining 96 cities are located in 23 provinces.
Jiangsu, Shandong and Guangdong rank in the top three in terms of quantity.
Among them, Jiangsu, the second largest economic province, is the only province in the country with districts and cities among the top 100, and for the first time in many years, two cities (Suzhou and Nanjing) are among the top ten provinces in the country.
At the same time, Nantong has become the fourth city in the province with a GDP exceeding one trillion yuan, and Jiangsu has also become the province with the most GDP trillion-level cities.
Suqian, the lowest ranked, also ranks 79th in the country, with a GDP of more than 320 billion yuan.
According to Niu Fengrui's analysis of China Business News, all 13 cities in Jiangsu have entered the top 100. There are many factors. Jiangsu is dominated by plains, with few mountainous areas, and good natural and geographical conditions. It has always been an economically developed area in China.
After the reform and opening up, the Southern Jiangsu model has developed very prominently and has taken the lead in economic development.
The development of Jiangsu's township and village enterprises is particularly prominent throughout the country.
Therefore, all prefectures and cities in Jiangsu are in the top 100, which is well deserved.
After Jiangsu, 11 cities in Shandong, the third largest economic province, are among the top 100, ranking second in number.
However, on the whole, Shandong’s central cities are still not prominent enough. No city is listed in the top ten. Qingdao, which has the largest economic aggregate, ranks 13th in the country. It is far away from the leading cities in Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang. There is a big gap in the central cities of Chengdu and Wuhan in the central and western regions.
Guangdong, the largest economic province, has 10 cities in the top 100, accounting for less than half of its 21 prefectures and cities. It is the lowest in the southeast coastal provinces. This is closely related to the large regional gap in Guangdong. The Pearl River Delta There is a huge gap with the east, west and north of Guangdong.
The data shows that 8 of the 10 cities are from the Pearl River Delta region. Among them, the total GDP of the four cities of Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Foshan and Guan is 7,315601 billion yuan, accounting for 2/3 of the province, which is equivalent to Shandong's GDP.
Hu Gang said that Guangdong has fewer cities in the top 100. On the one hand, it is related to the large gap in regional development. On the other hand, it is also related to the division of prefectures and cities.
Guangdong has 21 prefectures and cities, eight more than Jiangsu. There are too many prefecture-level cities, and some of them are too small. In this case, the economically backward prefectures and cities cannot enter the top 100.
There are a total of 12 cities in the north, west and east of Guangdong, and only Zhanjiang and Maoming in western Guangdong are among the top 100 cities.
It is worth noting that Shantou, one of the four major special economic zones, is still outside the threshold of the top 100, ranking only 104th.
In the future, Shantou is a provincial sub-central city and a central city in eastern Guangdong. To lead the development of eastern Guangdong, it still needs to accelerate the expansion and strengthening of the central city platform, and enhance the city's ability to gather resource elements and drive the development of surrounding areas.
Although the proportion of finalists is low, Guangdong has 3 cities in the top 20, Shenzhen and Guangzhou are ranked third and fourth. The leading role of modern service industry is prominent, which is also the rapid development of emerging industries and high-tech industries in the Pearl River Delta in recent years. An important source of power.
In addition to Guangdong, eight and five cities in the southeast coast of Zhejiang and Fujian were shortlisted, and more than half of the top 100 cities in the two provinces and cities.
Zhejiang and Fujian are provinces with more mountains and less flat land. Some prefectures and cities that have not entered the top 100 are mainly due to natural geographic conditions and a small population, so the total GDP is small, but the per capita GDP in these places is relatively high.
As a populous province, Hebei has 6 cities in the top 100, but many of these cities are populous cities. Although the total GDP is relatively high, the per capita GDP is still relatively low.
Southwest small towns have the fastest growth
A total of 15 cities in the central region have entered the top 100, among which Henan has the most, reaching 9.
Henan is the fifth largest economic province in China and the largest economic province in the central and western regions, with a registered population of over 100 million and a large number of prefectures and cities, totaling 18.
The terrain of Henan is dominated by plains, with a relatively balanced population and economic distribution.
Outside the provincial capital of Zhengzhou, the gap between cities is relatively small, so there are more prefectures and cities shortlisted.
However, only Zhengzhou and Luoyang in Henan are in the top 50, and the remaining 7 cities are in the second half of the top 100.
Niu Fengrui said that Zhengzhou and Luoyang are both developing well at present, but some prefecture-level cities in Henan have large populations, some over 10 million. Many of the population is in the counties below, mainly agricultural. If you look at per capita GDP, it is still relatively low. .
The level of industrialization and urbanization in these places is low, and there is a large outflow of people.
Take Zhoukou, which is ranked 78th, as an example. Although there is a large population in the area and a large number of surplus agricultural labor in the cities and counties under its jurisdiction, the level of industrial development in Zhoukou City is limited. The urbanization of the agricultural population mainly flows to provincial capitals and coastal areas.
At the end of 2019, the city had a total population of 11.66115 million, a permanent population of 8.662 million, and a net population outflow of 2.9993 million.
Ding Changfa, an associate professor in the Department of Economics at Xiamen University, told China Business News that these populous cities need to vigorously improve the business environment, take advantage of the local labor force, land resource advantages, and the opportunities brought by high-speed rail construction to attract industries that rely heavily on labor, and accelerate The development of local industries promotes employment and urbanization of the population nearby.
Hunan and Anhui, two populous provinces in central China, have 5 and 4 cities in the top 100 respectively.
Three cities in Hubei are shortlisted, namely, the provincial capital Wuhan and two provincial-level sub-centers Xiangyang and Yichang.
The three cities in Jiangxi that have entered the top 100 are the provincial capital Nanchang, Ganzhou and Jiujiang.
In Shanxi, only the provincial capital Taiyuan was selected.
Only 15 cities in the western region have entered the top 100, among which Sichuan, the largest economic province in the western region, has the most, reaching three.
Guizhou, Guangxi, Yunnan, and Shaanxi each have two.
In the northeastern region, apart from the four sub-provincial cities, no prefecture-level city was included in the top 100.
Yi Baozhong, a professor at the Northeast Asian Research Institute of Jilin University, analyzed by China Business News that most of the prefecture-level cities in the Northeast are traditional old industrial bases, dominated by heavy and chemical industries. For example, some are single oil cities, some are steel cities, and many prefecture-level cities. The city has a single industrial structure and insufficient endogenous development momentum. With the economic slowdown, the population also flows to the four major sub-provincial cities in the northeast and the southeast coastal area.
From the perspective of economic growth, among the top 100 cities, except for 3 cities that have not released their 2020 growth rates, among the remaining 97 cities, the 11 cities with the fastest growth rates are Qujing, Xiamen, Longyan, Xi’an, Fuzhou, and Guiyang. , Jinan, Nantong, Nanjing, Zunyi and Yibin.
Among them, Qujing topped the list with a growth rate of 6.6%.
Statistics show that in 2020, Qujing will achieve a regional GDP of 295.935 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.6%.
The added value of the city's industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 6.8% year-on-year, which was 4 percentage points higher than the national growth rate (2.8%) and 4.4 percentage points higher than the provincial growth rate (2.4%).
Divided into three categories, the value added of the mining industry increased by 0.8% year-on-year, the manufacturing industry increased by 6.5%, and the electricity, heat, gas, and water production and supply industries increased by 9.7%.
In 2020, Xiamen will achieve a GDP of 638.402 billion yuan, ranking second with a growth rate of 5.7%, and the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size will grow by 6.0% throughout the year.
In addition, the GDP growth rates of Longyan, Xi'an, Fuzhou, and Guiyang have all reached 5% or more.
Among them, data from the Xi'an Municipal Bureau of Statistics show that Xi'an's GDP in 2020 is 1,002.039 billion yuan, an increase of 5.2% over the previous year at comparable prices, making it the first city in Northwestern China with a GDP of one trillion yuan.
In contrast, cities with slower growth rates, except Hubei, which is the epicenter of the epidemic, are mainly cities from heavy and chemical industrial provinces such as Inner Mongolia and Liaoning.
In addition to these places being affected by the epidemic, factors such as industrial structure and institutional mechanisms are also responsible.