How to break through the technological "ceiling" of intelligent connected cars

  2021 is known as the "first year" of the outbreak of intelligent networked vehicles. Many global technology and industry giants have invested heavily in the field of intelligent vehicles, and new forces have quietly emerged to build vehicles.

In the process of networked and intelligent upgrading of the automobile industry, traditional industries and emerging technologies are deeply integrated and violently collide. How to achieve healthy development?

How to promote the rapid entry of emerging fields into the homes of ordinary people and promote industrial upgrading while ensuring the safety of people's lives and property?

How to break through the "ceiling" of development and continue to stimulate its endogenous motivation with technological innovation and model innovation?

These issues have become the focus of attention of all parties.

  On March 19, the reporter took the opportunity of attending the "Intelligent Unmanned System and Endogenous Security" academic conference hosted by the China Institute of Communications and Endogenous Security Technology in Cyberspace to interview relevant experts.

Intelligent and connected cars "come on the face"

  As a strategic pillar industry of the national economy, automobiles are undergoing the transformation of electrification, intelligence, and connectivity, and transportation is also changing from traditional transportation to intelligent transportation.

Professor Chen Shanzhi, deputy general manager of China Information Technology Group and director of the State Key Laboratory of Wireless Mobile Communications, pointed out that networking, intelligence, and sharing all require the support of 5G, artificial intelligence, and Internet of Vehicles.

In February 2020, 11 ministries and commissions including the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly issued the "Smart Vehicle Innovation Development Strategy". In October 2020, the State Council issued the "New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)", clarifying the need to accelerate key core technologies Research and development, study and formulate urgently needed technical standards and access management requirements, continue to optimize the policy environment, create an innovative industrial ecology, accelerate the development of the intelligent networked automobile industry, and propose that by 2025, intelligent vehicles with conditional autonomous driving will reach large-scale production. Connected cars will account for 30% of the sales volume, realizing the market-oriented application of highly autonomous smart cars in specific environments.

  Chen Shanzhi introduced that the development of the Internet of Vehicles is mainly divided into two stages.

Recently, the Internet of Vehicles has achieved low-latency and high-reliability communication between vehicles and roads, mainly for manned driving safety and improved traffic efficiency.

For example, the application of the Internet of Vehicles on smart highways and smart buses makes driving safer, avoids major accidents, and improves road capacity and traffic efficiency.

Realize low- and medium-speed unmanned driving in certain scenarios such as airports, mines, ports, etc., reduce costs and improve production efficiency.

In the medium and long term, what is relevant to ordinary consumers is the driverless driving of passenger cars. In the meantime, the level of road intelligence needs to be improved.

Through the Internet of Vehicles to achieve vehicle-road coordination, after improving policies and regulations and social consensus, in the future, the future will gradually realize the unmanned driving of all-weather and all-scene passenger vehicles.

Security risks and threats cannot be ignored

  While the global intelligent and networked automobile industry is accelerating, safety issues have gradually aroused public attention.

In 2019, Atomik Research, an internationally renowned research institution, conducted a self-driving car survey on 22,000 people from China, France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom, the United States and other countries, and found that functional safety and network security are the most concerned by the public.

  Xu Jun, a researcher at the National New Energy Vehicle Innovation Center, told reporters that the public’s concerns are not groundless.

Since the Uber self-driving car crashed and killed a pedestrian on March 18, 2018, many well-known self-driving cars have also had multiple accidents due to various failures or accidents, which has greatly affected the acceleration of the development of the industry and made automatic The functional safety of driving cars has risen to one of the core focuses of the development of the industry.

To make matters worse, the high connectivity and automation of intelligent networked vehicles provide users with more convenience and a better driving experience, while also bringing a large number of entry points for malicious attackers.

Since the Jeep Liberal Light was hacked and remotely controlled in 2015, resulting in the recall of 1.4 million vehicles, many other car companies have also been recruited, and the network security of connected cars has become another focus of the development of the industry.

  Statistics show that from 2016 to January 2020, the total number of annual security incidents in automotive cybersecurity incidents has increased by 605%, and it has doubled in 2019 alone. A large number of vulnerabilities have allowed attackers to take advantage and bring Risks such as blackmail, theft, and malicious control of large-scale vehicles.

Lu Xiaoyuan, deputy director of the Shanghai Broadband Center, said that network security has become the "ceiling" for the development of the intelligent networked automobile industry, and the release of its potential has been "stuck" by security issues.

Identify the "pain points" of intelligent connected cars

  Facing the severe safety situation and major public concerns, Wu Jiangxing, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, pointed out that the "pain points" of intelligent networked vehicles are mainly manifested in two aspects.

  One of the pain points is the new security issues brought about by "dual security attributes".

The development of automobile networking and intelligence has made components such as on-board networking terminals and advanced driving assistance systems have dual safety attributes. It is necessary to ensure functional safety, avoid safety risks caused by random failures and environmental impacts, and ensure the network Security, avoid new security risks caused by network security issues, and avoid security risks caused by artificial use.

Without network security, there is no functional safety; without network security, intelligent connected cars are like "buildings on the beach."

  The second pain point is the lack of trust caused by the "non-quantifiable design" of network security.

The functional safety of the traditional automobile industry has strict quantitative standards and evaluation systems. There are many technologies to ensure safety, there are standards for reliability to be measured, and there are complete traceability programs for failures and accidents.

However, it is impossible to measure the cybersecurity of smart cars. Whether the in-vehicle network is safe is still a conceptual expression. It is impossible to achieve quantitative design and verification measurement, including whether the accessory safety facilities added for smart connected cars are safe or not. No one can answer.

How can a car that is neither explainable nor safe? How can users rest assured to ride?

Will the insurance industry dare to provide insurance services for intelligent connected cars?

Speed ​​up the "ceiling" of breakthrough technology development

  Regarding the new security challenges faced by intelligent networked vehicles, experts from the cyberspace endogenous security technology and industry alliance introduced that through the innovation and practice of endogenous security technology, it is expected to break the "ceiling" of the development of intelligent networked vehicles.

It is understood that my country is currently at the forefront of the world in the field of endogenous security technology, and has achieved a series of landmark achievements and progress. Now it has more than 20 series of equipment and equipment represented by endogenous security switching chips and endogenous security software development environments. The system has withstood many rounds of high-pressure testing by the world's top "white hat hackers", and verified the high availability and high reliability of endogenous security theory and technology in an open crowd test method.

  According to Li Yufeng, a professor at Shanghai University, his team and Zijinshan Laboratory have jointly conducted scientific research on the basis of China’s pioneering cyberspace endogenous security theory, aiming at the safety "pain points" of intelligent connected vehicles, and are the first to propose functional safety and safety of intelligent connected vehicles. Network security integrated guarantee method, and the United Nations bus manufacturers and the Internet of Vehicles security technical team have carried out the endogenous safe autonomous driving principle verification work, and the theoretical framework of the endogenous safety of the intelligent networked car has been initially formed, and a number of basic principle verifications have been obtained. The expected results are expected to explore a new path of high reliability, high reliability and high availability for the solution of the security "pain points" of the intelligent networked automobile industry.

  Wu Jiangxing pointed out that breaking the "ceiling" requires a "two-pronged approach."

  On the one hand, it is necessary to promote endogenous safety to empower intelligent connected vehicles, deepen the integration of endogenous safety technology with new technologies such as 5G, Internet of Things, Internet of Vehicles, and artificial intelligence, and build an internationally leading and my country’s original intelligent connected vehicle safety theory and The technical system provides dual security technologies with quantifiable design and verifiable metrics for the automotive industry in the networked era.

  On the other hand, it is necessary for all parties to work together to promote the development of intelligent networked vehicle safety technology, and unite with standard setting departments and major manufacturers to accelerate the development of endogenous safety technology standards for intelligent networked vehicles, and endogenous safety as the intelligent networked vehicle machine system The basic standard embeds safety genes "from the bones"; accelerates the in-depth integration with the insurance and finance industry, encourages the insurance industry to explore the establishment of "cyber security insurance" for intelligent networked vehicles, promotes this type of insurance to enter the vehicle safety insurance list, and accelerates technology, industry, and Innovate business models to achieve a win-win development pattern for the endogenous security industry, insurance industry and end users.

(Our reporter Cai Dongchen)