China News Service, Beijing, March 12 (Reporter Chen Su) The reporter learned from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China on the 12th that in 2020, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in China will reach 17,131 yuan (RMB, the same below), and the growth rate has outperformed for 11 consecutive years. Citizens.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs announced the income of Chinese farmers during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period (2016-2020).
The situation shows that the income of farmers has continued to grow rapidly in the past five years, and the income gap between urban and rural residents has been narrowing.
In 2019, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in China reached 16,021 yuan, achieving the goal of doubling the 2010 level one year ahead of schedule.
Faced with the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in 2020, China has focused on stabilizing employment, promoting entrepreneurship, and developing industries. Farmers' income has improved quarter by quarter, with a real increase of 3.8% throughout the year, reaching 17,131 yuan, an increase of 5,709 yuan over 2015.
In particular, the income of farmers in poverty-stricken areas has increased rapidly, reaching 12,588 yuan in 2020, with an average annual growth rate of 7.87% during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, which is 1.87 percentage points higher than the national average in rural areas.
From the perspective of income structure, in addition to farming to increase income, going out to work, starting a business in the village, and revitalizing resources have become new bright spots in increasing farmers' income.
In terms of labor income, the number of migrant workers has steadily increased, and the wage level has continued to increase. Wage income will reach 6,974 yuan in 2020, and an increase of 2,374 yuan in five years, which has contributed the most to the increase in farmers’ income, with a contribution rate of 41.6%.
In terms of property income, the continuous release of rural reform dividends will drive the rapid growth of net property income. In 2020, it will reach 419 yuan, an increase of 66.3% over 2015, which has become a new bright spot for farmers' income increase.
From the perspective of urban-rural income gap, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the average annual real income of farmers increased by 6%, which was 1.24 percentage points higher than the growth rate of urban residents' income. The growth rate outperformed urban residents for 11 consecutive years. The 2.99:1 ratio is reduced to 2.56:1 in 2020.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated that it should also be noted that the absolute income gap between urban and rural residents is still widening, and the income gap between regions is still obvious. It is still very difficult to promote continuous increase in farmers' income.
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period (2021-2025), China must firmly promote common prosperity.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will continue to promote high-quality and high-efficiency agriculture, vigorously develop rural industries that enrich the people, deepen rural reforms, stabilize and strengthen farmers’ grain subsidies, strengthen people’s livelihood security, and take comprehensive measures to increase farmers’ income.