Chinanews.com, March 8th, the State Council Information Office today held a press conference on "in-depth implementation of the new development concept to ensure a good start in the 14th Five-Year Plan".
Hu Zucai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, introduced at the press conference that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's urbanization rate will be between 60% and 70%. It is necessary to deepen the new human-centric urbanization strategy and comprehensively improve the quality of urbanization development. .
Deepen the reform of the household registration system, and orderly promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population.
Hu Zucai introduced that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country’s new-type urbanization construction has made major historic achievements. The migration of agricultural population into the city has accelerated, and the urbanization rate of the permanent population and the urbanization rate of the registered population have exceeded 60%, 45%, and 100 million, respectively. The goal of migrants from agriculture and other permanent residents to settle in cities and towns has been smoothly achieved, the pattern of the "19+2" urban agglomeration has been basically established, and the city has taken on a new look.
Hu Zucai revealed that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's urbanization rate was between 60% and 70%, so this stage is still a relatively fast development in the middle and late stages, and it is also a critical period for comprehensive transformation. In order to improve the quality of urbanization development, we will further promote the new urbanization strategy centered on people and comprehensively improve the quality of urbanization development.
First, deepen the reform of the household registration system, and orderly promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population.
At present, there are still more than 200 million agricultural migrants who have not settled in cities, and some of those who have already settled still have the problem of low quality of urbanization. Promoting the urbanization of agricultural migrants is still the primary task of the new urbanization.
It is necessary to prioritize stocks, drive growth, coordinate the promotion of the reform of the household registration system and full coverage of basic public services, and accelerate the full integration of the agricultural transfer population into the city.
On the one hand, we will continue to lower the threshold for settlement, and realize the "wishfulness".
We will relax restrictions on settlement in cities other than some mega-cities, and try out a household registration system with places of usual residence to promote the orderly settlement of agricultural migrants who live in stable employment.
For cities with a permanent population of less than 3 million in urban areas, the settlement restrictions must be completely lifted to ensure that the immigration standards for rural and local agricultural migrants are treated equally; for large-scale I cities with permanent residents of 3 to 5 million, the settlement conditions must be fully relaxed; urban areas Super-large cities with a permanent population of more than 5 million must improve the points settlement policy, streamline the points program, ensure that the social insurance payment period and residence period scores account for the main proportion, and encourage qualified cities to cancel the annual settlement quota.
At the same time, the rural "three rights" of peasants who settle in cities and settle down are well protected in accordance with the law.
On the other hand, promote equal access to basic urban public services for the permanent population, and achieve "equal treatment and everything."
Improve the basic public service provision mechanism that uses residence permits as the carrier and is linked to the length of residence and other conditions, encourage local governments to provide more basic public services and conveniences, and improve the reality of urban compulsory education, housing security and other services for residence permit holders Entitlement level, and promote the non-registered permanent population to gradually enjoy the same basic public services as the registered population.
At the same time, it is necessary to improve the mechanism of urbanization of the agricultural transfer population, and promote the "linkage of people, land and money."
We will improve the relevant policies for linking financial transfer payments to the urbanization of agricultural transfer populations, establish a linking mechanism between the allocation of urban construction land and the number of agricultural transfer populations, and adjust the staffing and facility layout in the public service field according to the actual population flow.
Second, optimize the layout of urbanization and promote the coordinated development of large, medium and small cities.
Mega cities should promote "slimming and fitness."
The new crown pneumonia epidemic has exposed problems such as high population density and weak anti-risk capabilities in the central urban areas of some megacities.
To solve these problems, we must do a good job in three aspects. First, we must delimit and adhere to the boundaries of urban development, and carefully withdraw counties and establish districts.
The second is to orderly dissolve non-core functions, guide the gradual and orderly transfer of over-concentrated resource elements, and reasonably reduce the development intensity and population density of central urban areas.
The third is to develop in conjunction with surrounding small and medium-sized cities and suburban new cities, and foster and develop a number of modern metropolitan areas through the promotion of transportation integration.
Large and medium cities should improve their functions.
It is to take advantage of the relatively low overall cost of large and medium cities, take the initiative to undertake the transfer of industries and function of super-large cities, and improve the city's service functions and quality of life.
The county seat should speed up to make up for shortcomings and promote the urbanization construction with the county seat as an important carrier.
The county seat is the "head of the town and the end of the town", an important position serving hundreds of millions of farmers and an important support point for expanding domestic demand.
In most areas, county towns are still the first choice for farmers to seek medical treatment, obtain employment, and enroll their children in school.
There are still many shortcomings in the construction of county towns, and urbanization with county towns as an important carrier must be promoted.
Since last year, we have adjusted measures to local conditions and guided by classification to speed up the shortcomings of counties, including mega towns, to improve the top-level design, strengthen financial support, and carry out demonstrations in an orderly manner.
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, we must support the construction of county towns with a good foundation in the eastern region, focus on the construction of county towns in the urbanization areas of the central and western regions and northeast regions, and rationally support the construction of counties in the main agricultural production areas and key ecological function areas, and strengthen the construction of border towns .
Actively promote the upgrading and expansion of facilities in 17 areas in four major areas, including public services, environmental sanitation, municipal utilities, and industrial cultivation, to enhance the comprehensive carrying capacity and governance capabilities of the county.
Third, comprehensively improve the quality of the city and promote livability and industry.
Promote to complement the shortcomings of public transportation, parking lots, charging piles, etc., which are strongly demanded by the masses, strengthen the construction of flood control and drainage systems, promote urban waterlogging management to achieve significant results, and complete the renovation of 219,000 old communities in cities and towns completed by the end of 2000. Digital technology improves urban governance and enables urban residents to enjoy a higher quality of urban life.