Xinjiang gathers efforts to build a wine industry system-
Xinjiang gathers efforts to build a wine industry system-
play a high-quality brand and broaden the industry road
Our reporter Geng Dandan
“I planted 150 acres of wine grapes last year, and the net income exceeded 120,000 yuan.” At the time of the winter slack season, Fan Guangting, a grower of Tianyuan Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd., Manas County, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, calculated an account for reporters. 2020 In 2009, the purchase price of his 40-mu high-quality garden was 5.4 yuan per kilogram of wine grapes, 1.8 times higher than the purchase price of ordinary plantations, which is equivalent to 600 yuan higher per mu of land. The better the price, the higher the price."
The quality of wine grapes planted in Xinjiang is excellent. The planting area is about 500,000 mu, accounting for one-third of the country. It has formed four major production areas and a relatively complete industrial system at the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains, the Ili River Valley, the Yanqi Basin and the Turpan-Hami Basin.
The growing area of wine grapes in the northern foothills of the Tianshan Mountains is over 110,000 mu (including the Corps). This area is located at 44 degrees north latitude known as the "golden latitude of wine grapes", with an average annual sunshine of about 3000 hours.
The superior natural conditions ensure that the wine grapes grown here have high sugar content, moderate acidity and good color.
Manas County is located in the production area at the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains. Relying on its unique geographical advantages and resource base, the county has become the country's first small-scale certified wine grape production area.
Xinjiang Tianyuan Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. was restructured from the Manas County Horticulture Farm. It has more than 30 years of wine grape planting. It has 6 varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Noble Fragrant, Marselan, etc., with a planting area of more than 6,500 mu.
According to Wang Yonghui, general manager of the company, in recent years, in order to ensure the quality of grapes, the company has continuously increased the update and technical transformation of wine grape varieties and field technical management.
"We cooperate with some large wine companies, and these companies provide technical services, carry out standardized management, and uniformly purchase wine grapes." Wang Yonghui said.
Today, the quality of wine grapes here has been continuously improved through the model of "small-producing areas + enterprises + farmers".
At present, the company has 4,500 acres of wine grapes that have obtained green food certification, and 2,000 acres of wine grapes have obtained organic certification. The area of high-quality gardens has reached more than 1,000 acres.
In the production workshop of Xinjiang CITIC Guoan Wine Industry Co., Ltd. in Manas County, three production lines are stepping up production.
"We have production plants in Manas, Fukang, Shihezi and other places, and introduced advanced foreign wine-making equipment, with an annual output of 50,000 tons." said Chen Xinjun, general manager of the company.
Xinjiang CITIC Guoan Wine Industry Co., Ltd. owns several well-known domestic wine brands.
In recent years, in order to improve the quality of the wine in the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains and promote the brand of the production area, the enterprise has deepened the construction of wine grape base and scientific research innovation, and established a wine grape base of 50,000 mu, two technical research centers and boutique workshops.
"In the future, higher-quality wine will be produced through technological innovation, and the development of the enterprise will be driven by the leadership of the production area, thereby driving the development of the entire wine industry." Chen Xinjun said.
Also in Hutubi County, which is located in the northern foothills of the Tianshan Mountains, Xiyu Xingye Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. planted and managed high-quality red grapes according to the operation mode of "company + cooperative + market", forming a collection of grape planting, cold storage, and winemaking. The development pattern of the grape industry integrating processing, tourism and sightseeing.
At the end of 2019, the company began to produce grape distilled wine, with an output of about 400,000 bottles in 2020.
"Our three varieties have been diverted to the Fujian market. Our goal is to build a pastoral complex that can let the products go out under the guidance of rural tourism." said Chen Wang, general manager of Hutubi County Xiyu Xingye Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.
The development of the wine industry has also led to the development of cultural industries and tourism.
In April 2020, the construction of the ecological wine cultural tourism pastoral complex project at the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountain in Hutubi started.
Tang Chao, chairman of Xinjiang Yazhong Deyuan Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd., who is responsible for the implementation of the project, introduced that the project has invested a total of 250 million yuan to build a national wine grape planting base, a shared wine pre-processing center, wine cellars, farms, Racecourse, etc., and established 7 professional grape cooperatives.
"According to the development model of small wineries and large industries, the traceability of the entire industrial chain of wine planting, processing and sales, as well as the integration of the first, second and third production of wine will be realized, and finally the ecological wine production area at the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains will be built into a large-scale'wine theme park' Pastoral complex project." Tang Chao said.
Statistics show that the region has become the country's largest raw wine supply base, with a wine production capacity of 349,000 tons, accounting for about 70% of Xinjiang.
In the future, Changji Prefecture will continue to build 3 to 4 certified small production areas in the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains, with "small production areas leveraging large industries" and radiating the development of 350,000 mu of wine grape planting bases.