Calculate the income and expenditure accounts of residents everywhere in the past year
Calculate the income and expenditure accounts of residents everywhere in the past year
Steady income, consumption leverage
Steady income, consumption leverage
Our reporter Wang Wenzheng
Which provinces have residents' incomes growing fast?
Where do consumers spend more readily?
What are the new goals for increasing the income and consumption levels of residents in various places this year?
Recently, the National Bureau of Statistics released relevant data on the income and consumption expenditure of residents in each province in 2020.
The successive local two sessions also announced the residents' income and consumption targets of various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in 2021, which aroused widespread concern.
More balanced between regions
——In 2020, the top 10 provinces with the growth rate of per capita disposable income of residents all come from the Midwest, and 9 of the top 10 provinces with the nominal growth rate of consumption are from the Midwest
"I'm quite satisfied with my current income and consumption." Yuan Yongping, a citizen of Shenzhen, loves food. He spends the whole morning in the morning tea restaurant every weekend, and sometimes goes to nearby Guangzhou, Chaoshan and other places to taste food.
Yuan Yongping is an enterprise manager with a relatively high income and consumption level.
"This year I am going to buy a new energy vehicle. Recently, I have been studying the differences between various brands and models." Yuan Yongping said.
In the past year, the income and consumption expenditures of Chinese residents have grown steadily, which has not come easily under the background of the epidemic.
According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2020, the national per capita disposable income of residents was 32,189 yuan, a nominal increase of 4.7%, and an actual increase of 2.1% after deducting price factors, basically in line with economic growth.
Residents' consumption expenditure has steadily recovered, and the rate of decline has narrowed quarter by quarter. In 2020, the national per capita consumption expenditure of residents will reach 21,210 yuan.
In terms of regions, the top 9 eastern provinces in terms of income, including Shanghai, Beijing, and Zhejiang, will exceed the national level in 2020.
At the same time, 8 of the top 10 provinces in per capita consumption expenditure are eastern provinces.
In terms of absolute levels, the income and consumption levels of residents in the eastern region are still in the forefront.
Looking at the growth rate, the performance of the central and western regions is even more eye-catching.
"In the past few years, prices in Xinjiang were relatively high relative to income levels, mainly due to high logistics costs. In recent years, with economic development and improved transportation conditions, this situation is getting better." Liang, a citizen of Urumqi, Xinjiang Yong works in a college and runs an online shop in his spare time, selling nuts, dried fruits and other specialty products, including his side business, earning nearly 10,000 yuan a month.
"I usually like photography and playing music. These hobbies are more "burning money", but based on the current income level, I am still generous." Liang Yong said.
“During the peak travel season, you can make a net profit of several hundred yuan per day if you exclude gas and charter a car.” Liu Xin, an online car-hailing driver in Dali, Yunnan, said that the domestic tourism industry recovered rapidly in the second half of last year, driving the income of practitioners. Improve a lot.
"Affected by the foreign epidemic, tourists' outbound travel demand has largely transformed into domestic travel. The Spring Festival and winter holidays are here, and I have to get busy again!" Liu Xin said.
Xu Peng works in marketing for a company in Hefei, Anhui Province.
Xu Peng said that in the first half of last year, the company's various businesses came to a standstill. As the market picked up in the second half of the year, its performance rose again.
"In the second half of the year, the market was good, and I got a lot of bonuses. Last year, my wife and I had incomes of more than 100,000 yuan, a small increase, and the whole family went to Shanghai on National Day."
Generally speaking, the gap between the income and consumption expenditure of residents in the eastern and central and western regions is shrinking rapidly, and the income and consumption expenditure levels of residents in various regions are more balanced.
In 2020, the year-on-year growth rate of per capita disposable income of residents ranks among the top 10, the top 10 are all central and western provinces, and the top 3 Tibet, Sichuan, and Guizhou are all western provinces.
Looking at the growth rate of consumption, a total of 11 provinces will achieve nominal growth in per capita consumption expenditure in 2020. Nine of the top 10 growth rates are central and western provinces. Yunnan, Chongqing, and Qinghai are all western provinces.
The gap between urban and rural areas is narrowing
——The relative income gap between urban and rural residents has further narrowed, and the actual growth rate of rural residents’ consumption is 5.9% faster than that of urban residents
"I can't think of a person who is almost 60 years old and can have a stable job income." Xiao Manxiang, a villager in Huangdao Village, Wanshan District, Tongren City, Guizhou Province, works in Guizhou Baihuiyuan Agricultural Development Co., Ltd. and receives a monthly salary of more than 2,400 yuan. The basic life is guaranteed, and there are small savings.
"The year is good, the price of vegetables is high, and everyone’s income has risen a lot." Yang Yuantao, the chairman of the company and a big vegetable grower in Huangdao Township, established a greenhouse vegetable base in the local area. The base planted vegetables such as loofah, bitter gourd, peppers, and cucumbers last year. The harvest was good and the supply was in short supply. It was sold well in Guizhou and Hunan, which drove the villagers working in the base to increase their income and become rich.
"The corn market is good in 2020, and the purchase price of sweet corn has risen a lot. My income is more than 50,000 yuan more than in previous years." In Inner Mongolia, the Mongolian man Changshan planted 500 mu of sweet corn.
In recent years, he has obtained a stable source of income by growing sweet corn and selling it to local deep processing companies.
Benefiting from the preferential tax policy for farmers, Changshan's sales of its own corn are exempt from VAT.
"Tax reduction and fee reduction have increased the income on hand, order farming has ensured the sales of agricultural products, and everyone is very enthusiastic about planting!" Chang Shan said.
In 2020, China's grain production has won the "Seventeen Harvests", which has greatly boosted the income of rural residents.
"A good harvest of grain production, accelerated recovery of live pigs for slaughter, and high prices of some agricultural and livestock products such as corn, pigs, cattle and sheep have jointly promoted a 6.6% increase in the net operating income of rural residents from the primary industry, which strongly supported the growth of rural residents' net operating income. ." said Fang Xiaodan, director of the Household Survey Office of the National Bureau of Statistics.
Fang Xiaodan analyzed that in 2020, China's rural revitalization will be steadily advancing, and support for rural employment and entrepreneurship will continue to increase. Various localities will do everything possible to increase local employment opportunities for rural residents, and drive the per capita wage income of rural residents to increase by 5.9%.
In the whole year, the relative income gap between urban and rural residents has further narrowed, and the income of rural residents continues to grow faster than that of urban residents.
Data show that in 2020, the per capita disposable income of rural residents is 17,131 yuan, a nominal increase of 6.9%, and a real increase of 3.8%; the per capita disposable income of urban residents is 43,834 yuan, a nominal increase of 3.5%, and a real increase of 1.2%.
"The nominal and actual growth rates of rural residents' per capita disposable income were 3.4 and 2.6% faster than urban residents, respectively. The ratio of urban and rural residents' income decreased from 2.64 last year to 2.56, and the relative income gap between urban and rural residents continued to narrow." Fang Xiaodan said.
While the income of rural residents is increasing, they are also accelerating "buying."
Data show that in 2020, the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents in China is 13,713 yuan, a nominal increase of 2.9%; the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents is 27,007 yuan, a nominal decrease of 3.8%.
The consumption growth of rural residents was faster than that of urban residents, and the nominal and actual growth rates were 6.7 and 5.9 percentage points faster than that of urban residents, respectively.
The rebound is well supported
—— Residents’ per capita disposable income has doubled in ten years; the policies of expanding domestic demand and promoting consumption will continue to take effect, and residents’ income and consumption are expected to continue to rise to a positive trend
"Last year, as the situation of epidemic prevention and control improved, we supplied both online and offline, sales increased, and capital pressure was reduced." Tan Xuebin opened a tofu brain shop in Emeishan City, Sichuan Province. In the past year, his small shop Benefiting from factors such as a rebound in the market and tax reduction and exemption, various costs such as wages and rent have been covered, and the income of the shop assistants has also been guaranteed.
In terms of operating income, in 2020, with the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, the business activities of Chinese residents will gradually improve. The national per capita net operating income of residents reached 5,307 yuan, and the growth rate has changed from a 2.0% decline in the first three quarters to an increase of 1.1%. The growth rate of per capita net operating income has turned positive.
In terms of wage income, in 2020, various localities will take various measures to ensure the employment of residents and the main body of the market. The employment situation across the country is generally stable. The unemployment rate in the survey has gradually fallen, driving the national per capita wage income to increase by 4.3% to 17,917 yuan.
In terms of transfer income, in 2020, urban and rural residents’ basic pension standards will be improved, coverage will be expanded, minimum living standards will be continuously improved, local governments will increase assistance and subsidies for people in need, and play the role of a “stabilizer” that supports the growth of residents’ income. Driven the nationwide per capita net income from transfers increased by 8.7%, reaching 6,173 yuan.
All types of income have grown, and together they have doubled the national per capita disposable income in the past 10 years.
"After deducting the price factor, the average annual real growth of the national per capita disposable income from 2011 to 2020 is 7.2%, and the cumulative real growth over the past ten years is 100.8%." Fang Xiaodan said.
Income provides the basis and premise for consumption.
In July 2020, the monthly growth rate of retail sales of goods turned positive; in August, the monthly growth rate of total retail sales of consumer goods turned positive; in September, the quarterly growth rate of total retail sales of consumer goods turned positive; in October, the monthly growth rate of catering revenue turned positive for the first time in the year; 12 In September, the quarterly growth rate of catering revenue turned positive... "In 2020, the recovery trend of the Chinese consumer market will continue, and market sales will show a quarterly recovery trend, with positive growth year-on-year for five consecutive months." said Dong Lihua, Director of the Department of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations, National Bureau of Statistics.
Recently, the "two sessions" of various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities have been held one after another.
In the new year, what are the goals of various localities in increasing the income and consumption levels of residents?
The goals of the eastern region mostly focus on a strong foundation and an optimal structure.
Facing the “small goal” in 2021, Shanghai proposes to achieve the basic synchronization of the growth of residents’ per capita disposable income with economic growth; facing the “14th Five-Year Plan”, Beijing proposes to focus on increasing the income of low- and middle-income groups, expand the size of middle-income groups, and promote residents Income growth and economic growth are basically synchronized, and the construction of an international consumption center city; facing the 2035 vision, Jiangsu Province proposes to more than double the per capita income of residents on the basis of 2020.
The central and western provinces have set many targets with specific numerical indicators and strong leaps and bounds.
Shanxi Province proposes that in 2021 the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents will increase by 8% and 8% respectively; Guizhou Province proposes that in 2021 the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents will increase by about 8% and 9% respectively; Guangxi proposes that During the Fourth Five-Year Plan period, the per capita disposable income of residents will achieve an average annual growth of 6.5%, and the total retail sales of consumer goods will increase by about 8%.
"In 2021, with the establishment of a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycles mutually promoting each other, policies to expand domestic demand and promote consumption will continue to take effect, and the foundation for the stable recovery of the consumer market will be firmer and it is expected to continue. Picking up to a good situation." Dong Lihua said.