Bureau of People's Livelihood Investigation

  Editor's note:

  This is the People's Livelihood Investigation Bureau, which has never seen anyone else, investigating changes in people's livelihood.

Follow what you want to follow and what you didn't follow, and investigate what you want to see and what you haven't seen.

  Chinanews.com client, Beijing, January 19 (Reporter Xie Yiguan) "I went to buy eggs in the morning and charged me 80 yuan for 12 catties. After I got home, I was anxious and went back to ask if I miscalculated. The egg seller People say that 6.5 yuan is more than a catty, not 4 yuan.'Because of the epidemic, many places in Hebei have been banned, and the eggs are not available, which has caused the price to rise.'" Recently, a Beijing citizen responded like this.

  Not only eggs, but residents also reported that some vegetables have also risen in price. "Green onions cost 10 yuan a catty."

  The epidemic in Hebei and other places has affected Beijing's vegetable prices?

Or is it the peak season of seasonal demand?

Outside of Beijing, what about the price of vegetable baskets in other parts of the country?

A reporter from Chinanews.com interviewed relevant people from supermarkets, wholesale markets, and agricultural industry organizations.


-One price per day for pork

  In front of a pork stall in a vegetable market in Fengtai District, Beijing, the reporter noticed that minced meat was 18 yuan a catty, front elbow was 25.5 yuan a catty, cavity bone was 21 yuan a catty, big five spent 34 yuan a catty, and front tip was 27.8 yuan a catty. jin.

  “The price of meat has rebounded recently. The price of meat on various parts of the stall has risen. In half a month, it has risen by almost one to two yuan.” A resident told reporters, “Like a big five flowers, when you buy it at the beginning of the month, It's still 32 yuan a catty, and now it has risen to 34 yuan; the front tip has risen from more than 26 yuan to 27 yuan a catty."

The meat area of ​​a vegetable market in Fengtai District, Beijing.

Photo by China News Service reporter Xie Yiguan

  "The price of pork is now one day, maybe the next day it will go up again." The stall owner said.

  Not only pork prices, but also beef and mutton prices have also risen.

A clerk at a fresh beef and mutton shop in Xicheng District, Beijing, said that now beef ham is 42 yuan per catty, beef tenderloin is 48 yuan, and mutton is 47 yuan. "The price is two or three yuan higher than the previous period."

——Double the price of some vegetables

  The reporter visited some vegetable markets in Beijing and found that the prices of peppers, green onions, and green leafy vegetables have increased more than in previous years. Winter vegetables such as Chinese cabbage and radishes cost only one or two yuan or even a few cents in previous years, but now they have doubled.

  "Green onions are now 9 yuan a catty, threaded peppers are 13 yuan a catty, and green peppers are 9 yuan a catty. The prices of radishes and Chinese cabbage have also increased. Radishes are 3 yuan a catty, which is 1 yuan lower than before, and Chinese cabbage is 2.5 yuan a catty. "A vegetable vendor at a vegetable market in Fengtai District, Beijing, told reporters.

The vegetable area of ​​a vegetable market in Xicheng District, Beijing.

Photo by China News Service reporter Xie Yiguan

  In a supermarket in Beijing’s Fengtai District, rapeseed was 5.79 yuan per catty, pumpkins were 6.99 yuan per catty, screw peppers were 14.9 yuan per catty, and millet peppers were 29.9 yuan per catty. Two green onions in the boutique vegetable section were even priced at 11.7 yuan.

  In a supermarket in Xicheng District, Beijing, spinach seedlings sold for 12.8 yuan per catty, eggplants for 9.98 yuan per catty, and iron stick yam for 8.98 yuan per catty.

"Recently, the prices of some vegetables are just as high as the stock market." Several residents joked while buying vegetables.

  As the largest "vegetable basket" in Beijing, on January 15, the weighted average price of vegetables in the Beijing Xinfadi Market was 4.22 yuan/kg, which was 4.84% higher than the 4.13 yuan/kg in the same period last week (January 8); Of 2.64 yuan/kg rose 59.85%.

  At the same time, the reporter found that there are also some dishes with similar prices, such as tomatoes, onions, cucumbers, and taro.

A supermarket in Fengtai District also launched a special offer for a limited time. Zucchini is only 1.98 yuan per catty.

——The price of eggs rose by two yuan a week

  In a supermarket in Xicheng District, Beijing, fresh eggs are priced at 6.48 yuan per catty.

A resident who bought groceries said, “Before January 10, eggs were sold for more than 4 yuan. In less than a week, the eggs went up by two yuan. Compared to the previous period, it is indeed a lot more expensive.”

Eggs sold in a supermarket in Xicheng District, Beijing.

Photo by China News Service reporter Xie Yiguan

  An egg vendor in Xicheng District, Beijing also told reporters, “The price of eggs has indeed risen at 6.5 yuan per catty, and the prices in nearby supermarkets are also at this price.”

  According to Beijing Xinfadi market data, on January 15, the average wholesale price of eggs in Xinfadi Market was 11.82 yuan/kg, an increase of 28.48% from 9.20 yuan/kg in the same period last week (January 8); compared with the same period last month (December 15) 7.84 yuan/kg increased by 50.77%; compared with 7.68 yuan/kg in the same period in 2020, an increase of 53.91%.


——Meat, eggs and vegetables "grow up together"

  In fact, it's not just Beijing. From the national situation, the eggs, vegetables, beef and mutton in the "vegetable basket" have all risen recently.

  According to the monitoring of the National Agricultural Products Wholesale Market Price Information System of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, vegetable prices have been rising for eight consecutive weeks.

In the second week of 2021, the average price of 19 kinds of vegetables in the wholesale markets of 286 production and sales areas across the country was 5.12 yuan/kg, a month-on-month increase of 6.1% and a year-on-year increase of 22.8%.

The prices of cabbage, Chinese cabbage, white radish, cauliflower, rapeseed, etc. rose more month-on-month.

Data map: People buy goods in a supermarket.

Photo by Mo Yu issued by China News Service

  Egg prices have also risen recently.

In the second week of 2021, the wholesale market price of eggs was 8.89 yuan per kilogram, an increase of 4.2% from the previous month, which has been rising for 6 consecutive weeks.

In December 2020, the average wholesale price of eggs was 7.99 yuan/kg, a month-on-month increase of 3.8%.

  “The prices of some vegetables and eggs in Jiaozhou, Qingdao City, Shandong Province, have also risen, and meat prices have not changed much recently,” said Lin Yu, who currently lives in Beijing.

In addition, a resident of Zhumadian, Henan, told reporters that “beef and mutton prices have always been high, pork is currently more than 20 yuan per catty, green onions and pepper prices have risen quite sharply, and eggs have recently risen from more than 3 yuan to more than 5.”

  As of the second week of 2021, according to the "National Agricultural Products Wholesale Market Price Information System" of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the national wholesale pork price has risen for 8 consecutive weeks, from 39.36 yuan/kg to 46.77 yuan/kg, an increase of 18.83%.

  The wholesale price of beef and mutton has also continued to rise.

In the second week of 2021, the national wholesale price of beef was 77.80 yuan/kg, up 1.2% month-on-month and 10.3% year-on-year; the national wholesale price of mutton was 75.39 yuan/kg, up 1.0% month-on-month and 10.8% year-on-year.

On January 18, "Beef and mutton prices exceeded 74 yuan per kilogram" appeared on the hot search.

The epidemic has affected the prices of agricultural products?

  From a national perspective, with regard to the increase in meat prices, Gao Guanxiang, vice president of the China Meat Association, said to a reporter from Chinanews.com, “On the one hand, due to the peak season of traditional meat consumption, the demand is large, on the other hand, in 2020, The supply of meat has decreased, and red meat is in short supply."

  The rapid increase in vegetable prices, in addition to seasonal factors and extreme weather, "is also regulated by the relationship between supply and demand. Vegetables are supplied according to the fork. If the price of this variety is relatively low in the previous two years, the common people may reduce the planting area. Under circumstances, it is difficult to avoid some varieties with higher prices or even higher prices than in previous years." Chen Mingjun, executive vice president of the China Vegetable Circulation Association, told a reporter from Chinanews.com.

Residents shop in the vegetable section of the supermarket.

Photo by China News Service reporter Xie Yiguan

  As for why the price of eggs has risen more recently, “the price of eggs was not very high before, but the price of feed was high, and the efficiency of raising chickens was low. Therefore, farmers are shopping for chickens, and fewer stocks are added, which has led to a decline in production capacity.” Zhang Wenping, an analyst at Zhuochuang Information, told a reporter from Chinanews.com.

  The epidemic also has a certain impact on the demand side of eggs.

"After New Year's Day, due to the public health incidents in Northeast and Hebei, some end consumers are stocking up and rushing for goods. The previous cold wave also slightly affected the laying rate of laying hens in some production areas." Zhang Wenping said.

  Why are the prices of some vegetables and eggs in Beijing soaring?

According to industry insiders, the increase in the prices of vegetables, eggs, and meat in Beijing and other regions is also related to the poor supply under the previous epidemic.

"After entering winter, Hebei is one of the main vegetable supply areas in Beijing and other places. Affected by epidemic prevention requirements, vegetable supply will be affected to a certain extent." Chen Mingjun said.

  According to Liu Tong, the head of Beijing Xinfadi Market Statistics Department, in the early period of last week (January 9-January 15), due to the outbreak of epidemics in many places in Hebei, the checkpoints in Beijing strengthened the epidemic prevention efforts, causing some transportation vehicles to be at the checkpoints. Stranded.

In the latter part of last week, epidemics occurred in some areas in Hebei, and several passages into Beijing were temporarily closed, which prolonged the time for vehicle transportation.

  “Since Shijiazhuang, Hebei’s eggs were not able to enter Beijing, most of the merchants operating eggs in Xinfadi’s market have been cut off from the supply. The merchants have not yet established new sources of supply and the market supply is obviously insufficient.” Liu Tong pointed out.

Will the prices of meat, eggs, and vegetables fall before the Spring Festival?

  Regarding the current increase in vegetable prices, some residents are worried that the Spring Festival dinner table will be "slim" in more than 20 days. What will happen to the price trend next?

  "Before the Spring Festival, meat prices are expected to remain high." Gao Guan, vice president of the China Meat Association, said that after the Spring Festival, as demand decreases, prices will fall.

  Regarding the trend of egg prices, "According to the current situation, there is still room for a little increase before the Spring Festival." Zhang Wenping analyzed that on the one hand, some residents are still stocking up and the market is getting faster; on the other hand, before the Spring Festival in previous years, food factories will also Focusing on some goods, some food factories still have certain demand.

"But the rise must not be the same as before, because the previous period has already increased. After the Spring Festival, prices will fall according to previous years, but this year's situation is more special. The specific rate of reduction depends on the market circulation after the Spring Festival. "

  As for vegetable prices, “it’s difficult to bring down vegetable prices before the holiday, but they will not rise sharply.” Chen Mingjun said, “The government attaches great importance to the'vegetable basket'. If it rises to a certain level, measures will be taken to control it. In addition, From a production perspective, there is no basis for the price of vegetables to skyrocket. Based on the situation in previous years, vegetable prices will fall back basically from late March to April."

Multi-sectoral measures to ensure smooth production and marketing of agricultural products

  "The price of vegetables and fruits fluctuates seasonally, which is basically in line with the law of the year. Some small varieties such as onions and ginger have increased greatly, but the supply of vegetables is generally guaranteed." Tang Ke, Director of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, recently stated It was stated at the press conference that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will take targeted measures to do a good job in the production and supply of important agricultural products during the holiday season, to prevent the poor connection between production and sales due to sudden epidemics or disastrous weather, and effectively guarantee the demand for "vegetable basket" products from urban and rural residents .

Data map: Large trucks are preparing to enter the Beijing Xinfadi Wholesale Market.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Zhao Jun

  On January 13, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Public Security, and the State Post Bureau issued the “Emergency Notice on Scientifically and Accurately Doing the Emergency Material Transportation and Traffic Security Work in Hebei, Beijing and Other Places”, requesting that the public security checkpoints encounter traffic jams and other situations Strengthen the command and guidance of emergency materials transportation vehicles, and give priority to ensuring passage.

In accordance with relevant requirements, we will make every effort to supply market supplies for key production and living materials such as fresh agricultural products in Beijing.

  The daily price list of Beijing Xinfadi Market shows that the prices of Chinese cabbage, spinach, hot peppers, bell peppers and other vegetables have recently dropped slightly.

Liu Tong said, “Late last week, a large number of vehicles transporting vegetables entered the market, and the price of vegetables fell overall.”

  Have you bought meat, eggs and vegetables recently?

How much did it cost a pound?