Stabilize employment, innovate, strengthen consumption and strengthen industry
All localities draw "construction drawings" for the next 5 years
Our reporter Xiong Li
At present, the “construction drawings” of economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period have been released in various regions, and the quality of development has been placed in a more prominent position, paying more attention to the development of the real economy, accelerating the construction of a modern economic system, and actively integrating into the domestic cycle It is a new development pattern where the main body and the domestic and international double cycles promote each other.
In the near future, various provinces have successively reviewed and approved and formally released the fourteenth five-year plan for national economic and social development of the province and the proposals for the long-term goals in 2035. Painted on.
The reporter found out that various localities have placed the issue of development quality in a more prominent position, highlighted the important position of the real economy, and actively integrated into the new development pattern of domestic and international dual-cycle mutual promotion.
Close to the theme of high-quality development
According to the reporter's inventory, Shanxi, Liaoning, Henan, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Ningxia, Guangxi and other provinces all regard "above the national average annual growth rate" as one of the main economic and social development goals during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.
Hainan clearly stated that "the economic growth rate is among the highest in the country, and the regional GDP has achieved an average annual growth rate of more than 10%."
It is worth noting that many provinces emphasize the need to achieve economic growth "on the basis of a significant improvement in quality and efficiency", and the development goals contain both speed requirements and quality orientation.
For example, Hunan proposed to achieve sustained and healthy economic development on the basis of a significant improvement in quality and efficiency, with full potential for growth, faster economic growth than the national average, and a more optimized economic structure; Guizhou proposed that on the basis of a significant improvement in quality and efficiency, Maintain the economic growth rate higher than the national average; Jiangxi proposed that the growth rate of main economic indicators maintains the national "first square", and the economic aggregate ranks further forward in the country.
The development of the new era and the new stage must implement the new development concept and must be high-quality development.
All localities have clear requirements and consciously implement new development concepts throughout the entire development process and various fields, promote quality changes, efficiency changes, and power changes, and strive to achieve higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development.
Beijing proposes to focus more on innovation and development.
In the context of volume reduction development, adhere to the path of connotative growth driven by innovation; Qinghai proposes to scientifically develop strategic resources, strengthen and upgrade pillar industries, optimize and upgrade the entire industrial chain of “four cards”, and form higher added value, A more innovative industrial chain will create a golden sign of industrial ecologicalization and ecological industrialization.
Various localities deeply analyzed the new challenges and opportunities on the new journey, and "take the lead", "breakthrough", and "a sense of urgency" have become hot words.
Shanxi proposes that, in the face of the competitive situation of competing developments in various provinces, Shanxi will retreat if it does not advance, or retreat slowly, and retreat if it does not innovate; Shandong proposes to unswervingly promote the conversion of old and new kinetic energy, and shape new advantages of modern industry .
At the same time, achieving greater improvement in people's livelihood and welfare, such as employment, income, medical care, and education, is an important goal for all localities.
Anhui proposed that during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, investment in people’s livelihood continued to increase to achieve more adequate and higher-quality employment. The income growth of residents was higher than economic growth, the proportion of middle-income groups exceeded 40%, and the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents basically reached National average level; Tibet proposed that the average annual growth rate of farmers and herdsmen's income during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period will reach more than 10%.
Consolidate and strengthen the foundation of the real economy
The real economy is the foundation of a powerful country. To grasp the real economy, we must grasp the manufacturing industry.
Many provinces have proposed "maintaining the basic stability of the manufacturing sector" or "promoting the steady increase of the manufacturing sector", to highlight the important position of the real economy and accelerate the construction of a modern economic system.
Jiangsu proposed to focus on the development of advanced manufacturing clusters, do its best to fight for the advanced industrial foundation and modernization of the industrial chain, and take the lead in building a national manufacturing high-quality development demonstration zone; Gansu proposed to unswervingly develop industry and promote high-quality manufacturing development. Accelerate the development of ecological industries, consolidate and strengthen the foundation of the real economy; Guangxi proposes to adhere to the development of the whole industry chain, focus on the advantageous industries, and carry out special actions to strengthen the chain and extend the chain, strengthen the long board to supplement the shortcomings, increase the proportion of manufacturing, and strengthen the foundation of the real economy .
At the same time, localities are accelerating the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy.
Beijing proposes to vigorously develop strategic emerging industries such as integrated circuits, new energy smart cars, medical health, new materials, forward-looking layout of future industries such as quantum information, artificial intelligence, industrial Internet, satellite Internet, robotics, and foster new technologies, new products, and new formats New model; Liaoning proposes to transform and upgrade the "old brand", develop the "original brand" in depth, cultivate and expand the "new brand", and make every effort to complete the "three major articles" of structural adjustment, promote the advanced industrial foundation, modernize the industrial chain, and foster growth Advanced manufacturing clusters will accelerate the transition from Liaoning manufacturing to Liaoning intelligent manufacturing, and improve economic quality and core competitiveness.
In building a superior industrial cluster, Guangdong clearly proposed to create a new generation of electronic information, green petrochemicals, smart home appliances, automobiles, advanced materials, modern light industry and textiles, software and information services, ultra-high-definition video display, biomedicine and health, and modern agriculture. And food ten strategic pillar industry clusters, accelerate the cultivation of semiconductors and integrated circuits, high-end equipment manufacturing, intelligent robots, blockchain and quantum information, cutting-edge new materials, new energy, laser and additive manufacturing, digital creativity, safety emergency and Ten strategic emerging industrial clusters for environmental protection and precision instruments and equipment.
Actively integrate into the new development pattern
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country will speed up the construction of a new development pattern with domestic and international cycles as the mainstay and mutual promotion of domestic and international cycles.
Finding the right position, actively integrating, and taking the initiative has become a common choice for all regions.
Shanghai proposed to actively serve the new development pattern and create a central node of the domestic big cycle and a strategic link between the domestic and international double cycles.
Comply with the profound adjustment of the development pattern at home and abroad, give full play to the radiating and driving role of the economic center city, adjust and optimize the urban spatial pattern, economic pattern, and urban-rural pattern, further consolidate the position of the two sectors of Shanghai's internal and external opening up, and further build a strategic advantage for future development , To better serve the overall situation of the country’s development; Zhejiang proposed to continue to promote full opening with the “Belt and Road” initiative, promote the formation of a full-scale, all-element, high-energy and high-efficiency dual cycle, and reshape international cooperation and new competitive advantages.
Shandong proposed to lead the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, promote the optimization of the country’s north-south economic pattern, the efficient connection of domestic and international markets, and take the lead in exploring effective paths that are conducive to building a new development pattern in the country; Jiangxi is clear, based on the neighboring Changzhu, Fujian, and industries With the advantages of complete categories and rich resource elements, we will actively undertake the transfer of industries from developed coastal areas, create manufacturing transfer clusters, and make positive contributions to keeping key links of the industrial chain in China.
In terms of expanding domestic demand and promoting consumption, according to incomplete statistics from reporters, 18 provinces across the country, including Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai, have taken the construction of "international consumption center cities" as an important starting point.
In addition, Hunan, Fujian, Jiangxi and other places proposed to build regional consumer centers.
In the eastern region, Shanghai proposes to build an international consumption center city and fully build an international convention and exhibition capital; Jiangsu proposes to support Nanjing, Suzhou, Xuzhou, Wuxi and other cities to build international consumption center cities.
In the Northeast, Liaoning proposed to support Shenyang and Dalian in building international consumption centers; Heilongjiang proposed to build Harbin as an international consumption center city and form several regional consumption centers.
In the central and western regions, Hubei proposed to support Wuhan to create an international consumption center city, and build a group of demonstration pilot cities featuring cultural consumption, tourism consumption, and health care consumption; Yunnan proposed to strengthen Kunming as an international consumption center city and a regional consumption center city , Echelon construction of small and medium consumption cities.