The economic growth rate is expected to be around 2% in 2020-

  China's economy continues to regain its confidence (Rui Finance)

  Formulated and promulgated the "Implementation Plan for Accelerating the Cultivation of New Types of Consumption", supporting leading companies to form innovative consortia, and strengthening service guarantees for major foreign investment projects... Recently, Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission and director of the National Bureau of Statistics, built new developments around China Answered questions from reporters on topics such as pattern and macro policy.

Ning Jizhe pointed out that my country's economic growth rate is expected to be about 2% in 2020, making it the only major economy in the world to achieve positive economic growth.

We have confidence, foundation and confidence in promoting sustained economic recovery and stable development.

  The scale of manufacturing ranks first in the world

  How do you look at the current economic operation of China?

Ning Jizhe said that it can be described in 8 words: continuous recovery and stable recovery.

  Ning Jizhe pointed out that China's economy has demonstrated strong risk prevention capabilities, resilience to pressure, and vitality for development.

Economic strength has risen sharply. It is estimated that in 2020, the GDP will exceed 100 trillion yuan, and the per capita GDP will exceed 10,000 US dollars for two consecutive years. The overall national strength has increased significantly, and the grain output has remained above 1.3 trillion catties for six consecutive years. The scale of the industry has ranked first in the world for 11 consecutive years.

  The "six stability" and the "six guarantees" are obviously effective.

The goal of ensuring employment and ensuring people's livelihood has been achieved. In the first 11 months of 2020, 10.99 million new jobs will be created in urban areas; ensuring the stability of market entities is expected to see tangible results. The national market entities will reach 130 million.

  Judging from the latest data, China's economic recovery continues to consolidate.

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics a few days ago, in December 2020, China’s manufacturing purchasing manager index (PMI), non-manufacturing business activity index, and comprehensive PMI output index were 51.9%, 55.7%, and 55.1%, respectively. During the year, the operation level was relatively high, and it remained above the prosperity and decline line for 10 consecutive months.

  "In the fourth quarter, the pace of recovery of the manufacturing industry has accelerated. The PMI of the manufacturing industry in December 2020 was 51.9%. The manufacturing industry as a whole maintained a good momentum of steady recovery, and its prosperity was at a relatively high level during the year." National Bureau of Statistics Service Industry Survey Center Senior statistician Zhao Qinghe said that the comprehensive PMI output index has remained at a relatively high level of above 55.0% for four consecutive months, indicating that the production and operation activities of Chinese enterprises have continued to recover recently.

  Create an independent, safe and controllable industrial chain

  2021 is the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan". What tasks will be the focus?

Ning Jizhe said that the National Development and Reform Commission will focus on five aspects of work around the central economic work conference.

  Focus on improving the quality of the supply system.

Deploy an innovation system, vigorously promote the construction of comprehensive national science centers such as Huairou, Zhangjiang, Hefei, and support Beijing, Shanghai, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area to accelerate the formation of international scientific and technological innovation centers.

Create an independent, safe and controllable industrial chain supply chain, implement key core technology research projects, and solve a number of "stuck neck" problems as soon as possible.

  Effectively strengthen demand-side management.

Efforts will be made to tap the potential of new types of consumption, formulate and promulgate the "Implementation Plan for Accelerating the Cultivation of New Types of Consumption", orderly abolish some administrative restrictions on consumer purchases, and promote the standardization and branding of services such as elderly care, childcare, and housekeeping.

Expand effective investment around the "two new and one heavy".

  Continue to deepen reform and opening up.

Formulate and promulgate an action plan for building a high-standard market system, thoroughly implement the three-year reform of state-owned enterprises, and optimize the development environment of the private economy.

Implement the new version of the negative list for foreign investment access and the catalog of industries that encourage foreign investment, and strive to promote the high-quality development of the "Belt and Road".

  Deeply promote green development.

Focusing on achieving the mid- and long-term goals of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, formulate and implement relevant safeguard measures; accelerate the adjustment and optimization of the industrial structure and energy structure, improve the long-term mechanism of clean energy consumption, and accelerate the improvement of economic policies that are conducive to green and low-carbon development .

  Do a solid job of people's livelihood.

Strengthen employment assistance for key groups such as college graduates and migrant workers; study and formulate implementation plans for expanding middle-income groups; research and propose more targeted solutions to issues of general concern to the masses such as "one old and one small" and housing security Measures.

  Maintain support for economic recovery

  Policy is a major focus of many market players. How do you look at the macro policy in 2021?

Ning Jizhe pointed out that we should grasp the direction of macroeconomic policies, maintain policy continuity, and maintain the necessary support for economic recovery.

At the same time, grasp the timeliness and effectiveness of macro policies, maintain policy stability, and avoid sharp turns.

  Ning Jizhe said that as economic operations gradually return to normal, macroeconomic policies will gradually return to normal, and some temporary relief policies will be withdrawn steadily. However, we must persist in seeking progress while maintaining stability, and continue to implement the tasks and tasks of "six stability" and "six guarantees". Policy measures.

Policies to stabilize market entities, such as the deferred principal and interest payment policy for inclusive small and micro enterprise loans and the credit loan support plan, will continue to be implemented.

  Compared with previous years, the Central Economic Work Conference’s statement of the macro policy orientation in 2021 has added “sustainability”.

Ning Jizhe pointed out that the main consideration is to properly handle the current and long-term, needs and possibilities, restore the economy and prevent risks, and promote sustainable economic development through the sustainable implementation of policies.

Macro-control should pay more attention to deepening reform and opening up to increase development momentum, and promote the economy to shift to an innovation-driven, endogenous growth track.

  The policy is strong and confidence has increased.

The 2021 macroeconomic outlook report released by the Zhixin Investment Research Institute recently pointed out that the effects of the implemented macroeconomic policies will continue to be gradually revealed, and the ones that have not been implemented will be further implemented. This will support the further recovery of China's economy in 2021, and there will be no continued recovery throughout the year. suspense.

  The World Bank recently released the latest issue of China's economic briefing, stating that thanks to factors such as effective epidemic prevention and control and policy support, China's economy has recovered faster than expected.

The report predicts that China's economy will grow by 2% in 2020, and the growth rate will accelerate to 7.9% in 2021.

  Our reporter Qiu Haifeng