Frequent recruitment, often lack of jobs, how to "quench your thirst"?

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  Salespersons, restaurant waiters, cleaners and many other occupations rank among the top ten in the nation’s top ten “most job shortages” for job hunting.

Frequent recruitment is often short, why these positions are always "thirst"?

How should these positions deal with the "most lack of jobs"?

The reporter's interview found that the continuous employment gap forced companies to resort to tactics such as raising salary levels and benefits.

Experts believe that solving the employment gap should allow migrant workers to share the results of enterprise development, while allowing migrant workers to improve their skills and gain career development space at work.

  "I called the waiter two or three times and no one came. Seeing that they were all too busy, they finally wrote the name of the dish and ordered it by themselves."

On December 30, 2020, Ms. Chen, who was dining at a restaurant in Haidian District, Beijing, told reporters that some restaurant waiters were too tight to take care of all customers. “The business was good at the end of the year, but the waiters did not increase. They can only understand each other.”

  As the new year approaches, the consumer market continues to pick up, and the demand for labor in many industries such as manufacturing, catering, and retail has also increased.

According to the "Ranking of 100 occupations in the third quarter of 2020 that have more jobs than job hunting in the country" released by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, 38 occupations are related to social production services and life service personnel.

Among them, the degree of "lack of work" in occupations such as marketers, cleaners, restaurant waiters, etc., where migrant workers are more employed, ranked among the top ten in the first three quarters.

Why do these occupations always lack jobs?

How to deal with it?

The reporter conducted a visit and investigation.

Restaurant waiters and cleaners are "short of work"

  Before 10:30 in the morning, Lao Hu had finished breakfast and lunch with his colleagues in the hot pot restaurant and began to prepare for the new day's work.

The clean tables and chairs are neatly arranged, the seasoning jars are full, and the back kitchen is busy cutting vegetables and garnishes. For the catering industry in big cities, the complete "wake up" in sleep is when the diners flood into the store. A moment.

  Lao Hu comes from a rural area in Hebei and is a waiter in a restaurant. His hot pot restaurant is located in Guijie Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing.

"Business is getting better. Many stores are short of people, and by the end of the year, they are even more short." Lao Hu pointed to a "net celebrity" restaurant across the street and said, "They are also short of people, and most of the waiters they hire are young people. "At the peak of the meal, the shop is too busy, and he will take him to help his colleagues with other tasks.

  "10 waiters, 5 cleaners", "8 waiters, 2 dishwashers", on December 27, 2020, the reporter saw in Guijie that many restaurants lined up on the north and south sides of the road hit prominently Job advertisements.

The salary for waiters in restaurants generally ranges from 4,000 yuan to 5,000 yuan, and cleaners are a few hundred yuan lower.

  According to public data, the positions of marketers, restaurant waiters, security guards, cleaners and many other service industries ranked among the top ten jobs in the country for job shortages in the second and third quarters.

  "The mobility of personnel is high, and we often need to recruit people." "We want to recruit young people, but it is difficult to recruit and retain them."

Some service industry personnel told reporters that although they are eager for talents, it is a reality that it is difficult to recruit people.

  With the advent of New Year's Day and Spring Festival and other holidays, market consumption is expanding, but migrant workers have begun to return to their hometowns.

"The construction site is too cold to do", "I want to go home sooner if I have something to do at home", "I want to go home early for the New Year", on December 28, 2020, the reporter saw at the Beijing Railway Station that many migrant workers had already packed their bags and set foot on the road. Country road.

"The demands on both sides have increased"

  "Some fellow villagers did not come out to find a job this year, and felt that they would go home for the New Year after a few months. It was too much trouble." Lao Hu told reporters that originally fellow villagers were used to working in cities after the Spring Festival. This year due to the epidemic, some people did not Did not return to the city.

  In addition, the reporter also learned in the interview that in labor-intensive industries such as catering, sales, and security, it is common for migrant workers to switch jobs frequently.

Some companies say that their employees are highly mobile and will hire frequently in order to be prepared.

In addition, migrant workers who resign at the end of the year will not enter the job market immediately, but will have to wait until the end of the Chinese New Year before entering the city. These factors have caused a seasonal "labor shortage" at the end of the year.

  On December 28, 2020, Jin Yong from rural Heilongjiang was looking for a job near Beijing Railway Station with a backpack on his back. “I used to arrange night shifts for me, one night after another, and I couldn’t stand it.”

The 37-year-old worked as a security guard for a company near Fragrant Hill in Beijing for half a year. This time his job search goal is still security, "I hope the working environment and atmosphere are normal."

  "In many cases, migrant workers do not get better working conditions, skills growth and development opportunities, but are tired of repetitive and boring labor and want to adjust the working environment." Professor of Central University of Finance and Economics and Dean of Law School of China Institute of Labor Relations Shen Jianfeng pointed out that the frequent job-hopping of young workers in the service and manufacturing industries is related to the characteristics of the youth labor group and the specific state of industrial development.

  After graduating from high school, Li Zhilei worked as a security guard in Shenzhen. After the epidemic, he changed two jobs, namely, a WeChat business salesperson and an e-commerce salesperson.

"Some jobs are not suitable for long-term work. Getting started is easy, but growing is difficult." Over the years, the 27-year-old has changed six or seven jobs.

In his opinion, he is still young and can try more, "hope to find a job that really suits him."

  "We hope to hire long-term workers, at least to sign a one-year contract." In a dumpling restaurant in Dongcheng District, Beijing, the store manager Ms. Zhang told reporters, "Part-time work and riding a donkey to find horses will affect the work in the store." In her view, the difficulty in recruiting is due to the "increasing demands of both job seekers and employers."

Let workers share the fruits of development

  The continuous employment gap forces companies to recruit.

The reporter found that in the recruitment of Guijie catering companies, in addition to the traditional "hard projects" such as "including board and lodging" and "salaries paid on time and in full", some companies also offered "image subsidies of 50 yuan/month" and "working years awards". 100 yuan/month, "team building, training, tourism", "smiling ambassador award, outstanding employee award" and many other conditions to improve salary levels and benefits.

  Some catering companies said that with more gatherings at the end of the year and normal business operations during the Spring Festival, the impact of the employment gap will become more apparent.

According to the experience of previous years, some temporary workers will be recruited to cope with the shortage of manpower.

  "The employment gap at the end of the year is determined by the supply and demand of the labor market. It must first be resolved through the price mechanism to increase the wages of migrant workers to achieve'retention retention.' In the long run, migrant workers should be allowed to share development results and obtain career development space "Shen Jianfeng suggested.

  "I don't plan to go back to my hometown for the New Year this year, so I will work in Beijing." Jin Yong told reporters that it is not difficult to find a job in a big city like Beijing.

But what he worries about is that he has been engaged in security work and "cannot save money and make great progress."

  "The difference between the skill requirements and expectations of enterprises for migrant workers and the existing skills and expectations of migrant workers will lead to a'structural labor shortage'. When seasonal factors are encountered, the problem of job shortage will become more prominent. "Shen Jianfeng pointed out that with the continuous development of information technology, the aging of the skills of migrant workers has accelerated, and the pressure for life-long learning and updating of skills has increased. "However, the current vocational skills training cannot fully meet the needs of this development. It is necessary to increase vocational skills training. ".

  After working for a few years, Li Zhilei, who feels that he has no skills, used to study software engineering technology at his own expense, but only one work experience related to it after graduation.

"I have been doing sales since then, and I feel that what I learned is useless."

Currently working in an e-commerce company in Hangzhou, he hopes that he can learn more skills that he can use at work.

  Zhao Chen