The corona crisis has widened income disparities between farmers.
For example, farmers who supply chicken for the catering industry in their own country and via export have more than seen their income cut in half this year.
This is evident from the annual income estimate of Wageningen Economic Research (WER) and the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) that was published on Thursday.
"There has always been a division in income depending on which segment or sector farmers focus on, but this has been further exacerbated by the corona crisis," says WER economist Harold van der Meulen.
"Farmers who supply chicken fillet and eggs to the supermarkets had a good year. Those who supply for food outside the home, not."
The enormous dip in income among farmers who provide the catering industry at home and abroad with chicken, has resulted in the average income of so-called broiler farmers per farmer being more than halved across the board to 44,000 euros.
"That is the lowest level since 2013," says the agricultural economist.
"It is a similar story with the eggs. But farmers who supply the more expensive, luxury eggs with quality marks to the supermarkets had a good year. Consumers bought a lot of eggs for home consumption."
Because people are more at home, more is baked at home, for which a lot of eggs are used.
Eating healthier is good news for apple and pear prices
The fact that we are more at home has also led to more money being spent on plants for the garden.
"As a result, the tree nurseries also have a good year," says the WER economist.
Another positive effect of the corona crisis on farmers' income is that we have started to eat healthier and that was good news for the prices of apples and pears.
The average income of all farmers, from goat farmer to strawberry grower, is expected to be lower in 2020, due to the enormous fall in the income of pig farmers.
As a result, the average income of the Dutch farmer this year comes to 54,000 euros compared to 73,000 euros a year earlier.
“Last year was an exceptionally good year, which was largely due to the high demand for pork from China,” explains Van der Meulen.
"The average decrease this year is precisely due to a large part of the demand that fell as a result of African swine fever and corona."