(Economic Observation) China's "Number One Project" for Poverty Alleviation: Investing over one trillion yuan to complete the migration of millions of poor people

  China News Service, Beijing, December 3rd. Title: China has captured the “number one project” for poverty alleviation: investing over trillions to complete the migration of millions of poor people

  China News Agency reporter Ruan Yulin

  "The total population of this relocation for poverty alleviation is 10 million, which is almost 8 times the size of the Three Gorges migrants." Tong Zhangshun, Director of the Regional Revitalization Department of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, said on the 3rd that there are more than 80 countries with more than 10 million people in the world. Yu moved to a country with a medium population size.

This is unprecedented in the history of poverty alleviation in China and unprecedented in the history of the world.

  Chinese officials pointed out that this is a great and profound historical change in the rural areas of China after the land reform and the implementation of the household contract responsibility system in the last century. It can be called a great feat in the history of human migration and the history of world poverty reduction. .

"Number One Project": Total investment exceeds 1 trillion

  On November 27, 2015, the central government held a poverty alleviation and development work conference to put the relocation of poverty alleviation in a more prominent position.

On December 1, 2015, the State Council held a national teleconference on relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation, mobilizing and deploying relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, which opened the prelude to relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation in the new era.

  Relocation for poverty alleviation in the new era is the “number one project” and a landmark project for poverty alleviation, with unprecedented intensity, scale and impact.

  A series of data demonstrate the great achievements of relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation: During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the country has invested a total of about 600 billion yuan (RMB, the same below), built about 35,000 centralized resettlement areas, and built resettlement housing There are more than 2.66 million sets with a total construction area of ​​210 million square meters. More than 6,100 primary and secondary schools and kindergartens have been newly built or expanded, more than 12,000 hospitals and community health service centers, more than 3,400 elderly service facilities, and more than 40,000 cultural activities venues. More than 9.6 million poor people who have filed and registered have moved to new homes.

  Zhao Chenxin, Secretary-General of the National Development and Reform Commission, said at a press conference held by the Information Office of the State Council that more than 600 billion yuan was directly invested in the relocation of poverty alleviation and relocation, plus local financial funds, and funds for poverty alleviation cooperation between the east and the west, and social assistance. More than 1 trillion yuan has greatly stimulated the development of fixed asset investment and related industries in poverty-stricken areas, and has added a new engine to urban and rural economic growth.

  "Relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation has not only changed the living conditions and environment of the poor, but also provided them with more equal opportunities for development and fundamentally changed their mental outlook," said Zhao Chenxin.

"Uprooting the Roots": Blocking the Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty

  Through the implementation of relocation for poverty alleviation, nearly 10 million poor people in China have not only moved from the adobe houses, thatched houses, and dilapidated houses they used to live in, into spacious, bright, safe and firm new houses, and solved their "two things and three guarantees." In the 13th Five-Year Plan, the poverty alleviation task of nearly one-fifth of the poor in the country has been completed, and the relocated people have been completely separated from the specific “poverty space” with a harsh living environment, fundamentally blocking the intergenerational transmission of poverty.

  "In such a short period of time, new houses and communities have sprung up, enabling the poor people who have lived in the deep gully of the mountains for generations to relocate to areas with better production and living conditions and enjoy better The infrastructure conditions and basic public services are quickly integrated into modern civilization, and the problems of poverty alleviation and long-term development have been solved in a package, allowing them to more conveniently enjoy the fruits of economic and social development, achieving development results shared by everyone, and realizing needs in the short term A historic leap that can only be accomplished by several generations," said Zhao Chenxin.

  Zhao Chenxin said that relocation for poverty alleviation is not only the geographical migration of millions of poor people, but also the reconstruction of production and lifestyle, the reconstruction of urban and rural patterns, and the reshaping of social relations. It is the concentrated help of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government. A true portrayal of relocated people getting rid of poverty and becoming rich.

  According to reports, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council will work with relevant departments and localities to further improve the follow-up support policy system, continue to increase the employment assistance for the relocated people, and continue to consolidate the results of relocation and poverty alleviation. The relocated people can live stably, get jobs, and gradually get rich.