Since 2018, the poverty alleviation policy of medical insurance has benefited 480 million people
Basic medical care for the poor is guaranteed (authoritative release)
Since 2018, the medical insurance and poverty alleviation policies have reduced the medical burden by nearly 330 billion yuan and helped nearly 10 million people who have returned to poverty due to illness to get out of poverty
The poor population’s participation rate has stabilized at over 99.9%
Accumulatively trained more than 56,000 undergraduate medical students in poverty-stricken areas
"The basic medical care of the poor is fully guaranteed, and the problem of poverty and return to poverty due to illness has been effectively solved. A total of nearly 10 million households who have returned to poverty due to illness have successfully lifted out of poverty." A press release by the State Council Information Office held on November 20 At the meeting, the relevant persons in charge of the National Health Commission and the National Medical Security Administration introduced the promotion of poverty alleviation through health and medical insurance, and ensured the basic medical care of the poor, and answered reporters’ questions.
Accumulatively treated more than 19 million poor patients
How can the poor have a place to see a doctor, a doctor, and a serious illness?
Li Bin, deputy director of the National Health Commission, introduced that in recent years, my country has vigorously improved the facilities of medical and health institutions in impoverished areas, and further improved the capacity of county medical and health services. The problem of poor people's difficulty in seeing a doctor has been effectively solved.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the central government has invested a total of 1.4 trillion yuan to vigorously support the development of health care in the 25 provinces with heavy poverty alleviation tasks, with an average annual growth rate of 11.6%.
A total of more than 170 billion yuan has been allocated to support the construction of 150,000 medical and health institutions in the provinces where poor areas are located.
Vigorously guarantee the supply of medical and health personnel in poor areas.
According to Li Bin, various localities have fully implemented the special post program for general practitioners, recruiting a total of 3,000 general practitioners in poverty-stricken areas; implementing the free training program for rural order-oriented medical students, and cultivating more than 56,000 undergraduate-oriented medical students in poverty-stricken areas.
Appropriately relax the age, educational background and other conditions for publicly recruiting talents at the county and village three-level medical and health institutions in poor areas.
In addition, the implementation of basic-level health personnel capacity improvement training projects to improve their common and frequently-occurring diseases diagnosis and treatment capabilities.
Promote the sinking of high-quality medical resources to poor areas.
A total of 1,007 urban tertiary hospitals have selected more than 80,000 medical personnel to assist 1,172 county-level hospitals in 832 poor counties.
In addition, telemedicine covers 832 impoverished counties and gradually extends to township health centers.
"Currently, the median number of disease types admitted to county hospitals in poor areas has reached 90% of the overall level of county hospitals in the country." Li Bin said.
The impoverished population should be cured and signed.
The health department mobilized more than 800,000 grassroots medical staff to fully understand the condition of the poor population, implemented the "three batches" action plan for centralized treatment of serious diseases, contracted service management for chronic diseases, and protection of serious illnesses, and implemented classified treatment for poor patients.
In addition, the whole-process management of “timely detection, precise treatment, effective protection, and dynamic monitoring” has been implemented for poor patients, and more than 19 million people have been classified and treated.
The overall reimbursement level for hospitalization of the poor can reach 80%
“Since 2018, the medical insurance poverty alleviation policy has benefited 480 million people living in poverty, helped reduce the medical burden by nearly 330 billion yuan, and helped nearly 10 million people who have returned to poverty due to illness to get out of poverty.” said Chen Jinfu, deputy director of the National Medical Insurance Bureau, and the medical insurance department will work together. Departments such as health care and poverty alleviation have focused on "the basic medical care of the poor are guaranteed." They have built the world's largest basic medical insurance network, and have played the largest role in preventing poverty and reducing poverty.
The poor should be fully protected.
Through fixed and full funding, and at the same time sharing information with relevant departments, dynamically adjust the insured personnel, and include the poor as possible as "one piece" into the system guarantee, and minimize their disease burden.
At present, the participation rate of the poor is stable at over 99.9%.
Triple guarantees to reduce the burden.
Chen Jinfu introduced that through the basic resident medical insurance system to solve the basic security problem for the poor, the actual reimbursement ratio basically reached 60%.
On this basis, promote the outpatient medication guarantee mechanism for residents' hypertension and diabetes, and at the same time implement serious illness insurance tilt, reduce the deductible line for the poor, increase the reimbursement rate, and gradually cancel the cap line.
In addition, the implementation of underpinning medical assistance guarantee.
"The poor population through triple protection has an increase of about 10% compared with the general population, and the overall reimbursement rate for hospitalization can reach 80%." Chen Jinfu said.
Increasing capital investment in deeply impoverished areas.
In 2020, the per capita financial subsidy standard for resident medical insurance will exceed 550 yuan, an increase of 310 yuan over 2012.
The central government allocated 27.5 billion yuan in subsidies for medical assistance, 90% of which went to the central and western regions.
Since 2018, the central government has invested a total of 12 billion yuan in three consecutive years, effectively solving the medical security problem of the poor in the deeply impoverished areas.
Implement measures such as purchasing drugs in quantities to reduce the cost of medical services.
The three batches of drug purchases involved 112 varieties, an average decrease of 54%.
The state organized centralized bidding and procurement of coronary stents. The original stent of 13,000 yuan was reduced to about 700 yuan, a decrease of 93%.
The health level of people in poor areas has improved significantly
"Adhere to prevention first, focus on key areas, key populations, and key diseases, strengthen the comprehensive prevention and control of major diseases and improve the health of key populations, and promote the advancement of health poverty alleviation." Li Bin said that in recent years, there have been some major long-term effects on the health of poor people. Disease problems have been effectively resolved, the health environment in poverty-stricken areas has been comprehensively improved, and the health of the people has been significantly improved.
Strengthen the comprehensive prevention and control of major diseases.
A national expert group was established to provide technical support for rescue treatment of endemic patients in poor areas.
The central government has invested a total of 1.2 billion yuan to support the implementation of endemic disease prevention and control measures in poor areas, patient treatment and assistance, health education, and capacity building.
Implement pneumoconiosis prevention and control actions to strengthen the prevention and control of major chronic diseases.
Strengthen health education, early screening intervention and health management, and the rate of early diagnosis and treatment of tumors in poor areas has increased significantly.
Implement the "Three Districts and Three States" prevention and control of infectious diseases and endemic diseases.
Promote health improvement plans for women, children and the elderly.
Implementation of public health projects such as cervical cancer and breast cancer screening for rural women, free pre-pregnancy health checkups, etc.; implementation of neonatal disease screening projects in poverty-stricken areas, and a total of 26,000 children with congenital structural abnormalities and genetic metabolic diseases were rescued.