As of the end of October, the number of impoverished laborers who went out to work in the country reached 29.73 million——

  Employment and poverty alleviation, so that everyone can work and make money (Rui Finance)

  At the press conference of the State Council Information Office held on November 19, Li Zhong, Vice Minister of Human Resources and Social Security, introduced that as of the end of October, 29.73 million poor laborers were migrant workers nationwide, which was 108.9% of the total number of migrant workers last year. More than% of the poverty-stricken people who have registered and registered have received industrial poverty alleviation and employment support.

Experts pointed out that employment poverty alleviation has become an important component of the employment priority policy and an important channel for targeted poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation.

  Build more than 30,000 poverty alleviation workshops

  "The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, in conjunction with various regions and departments, will make every effort to promote the employment and entrepreneurship of poor laborers, and help decisively defeat poverty alleviation." Li Zhong introduced, in detail, the main measures adopted include the following:

  -Broaden employment channels.

Focusing on the two major directions of migrant workers and local employment, explore the formation of four channels of organized labor export, development of poverty alleviation workshops, industrial project absorption, and entrepreneurship to drive employment, so as to promote the employment of poor laborers.

  ——Improve the employment policy.

Use policies such as financial subsidies, tax reductions and exemptions, and financial support to encourage enterprises to absorb, support independent entrepreneurship and flexible employment, and develop public welfare jobs for resettlement.

  -Optimize employment services.

Adhere to precise services and provide one-to-one assistance to poor laborers; adhere to continuous service, continue to provide jobs, policies, and services to poor laborers; adhere to stable job services to help poor laborers stay stable in the enterprise and local.

  ——Strengthen skill training.

Carry out large-scale vocational skills training to ensure that poor laborers should be fully trained.

Implement vocational skills improvement actions, special support programs for job stabilization and job expansion for enterprises, support free training and online training for poor laborers, and support small, medium and micro enterprises to absorb poor laborers to carry out training on behalf of workers.

  After five years of hard work, the employment poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results.

Li Zhong said that at present, more than 90% of the poverty-stricken people who have registered for registration have received industrial poverty alleviation and employment support, and more than 2/3 mainly rely on migrant workers and industrial poverty alleviation; a total of 32,688 poverty alleviation workshops have been built to cultivate leaders in poverty alleviation and entrepreneurship. More than 410,000 people and 214,000 business entities of various types were founded, which not only promoted the employment of poor laborers at home, but also laid a solid foundation for the long-term development of industries in rural areas. A support system for groups with employment difficulties in rural areas has been formed. The workshop attracted 437 thousand jobs from the poor people's doorsteps, and the leaders of entrepreneurship and wealth drove the income of 4.06 million poor people to increase.

  The proportion of labor income is increasing year by year

  “Since the fight against poverty began, employment and poverty alleviation have become an important measure for poverty alleviation and an important means of targeted poverty alleviation,” said Ou Qingping, deputy director of the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office. The two aspects of nearby employment have been coordinated and promoted, and we have gone all out to increase the income of the poor. The effect is very obvious."

  The number of laborers has increased significantly.

According to Ou Qingping, from 2016 to 2020, the number of poor laborers going out for work has increased by more than 10 million. At the same time, the stability of going out for work is also improving, and the proportion of poor laborers going out for work for more than half a year has increased significantly.

"We organize grassroots support forces to find out the basic information of poor laborers working, and according to their willingness to go out to work, targeted employment and precise assistance." Ou Qingping said.

  Increased wage income and helped alleviate poverty.

In the past five years, the proportion of income from work in poor families in the family income has increased year by year.

“At present, two-thirds of poor families have been involved in migrant work. About two-thirds of these families’ income comes from migrant workers. It should be said that migrant workers provide a solid income guarantee for winning the battle against poverty.” Ou Qingping said.

  "Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood, and employment poverty alleviation is also the most powerful means to push poor families out of poverty." Ou Qingping said that in the next step to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation, the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Office will work with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security to further work on employment poverty alleviation. , Promote the stable income growth of poor families, and consolidate the results of employment expansion and poverty alleviation.

  Enhancing the internal motivation of poor households

  The society cannot "all in one bag", and must strengthen the internal motivation of poor households.

According to Ou Qingping, in terms of increasing the skills of migrant workers and improving their overall quality, the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office has done three aspects: one is to provide extensive pre-job training for poor laborers who are willing to go out to work to improve their employment skills; Intensify on-the-job training for the poor labor force of poor families; third, let them receive vocational education for the newly grown labor force of poor families.

  Skills training has produced many skilled craftsmen: Ning Xianhai in Huidong County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan studied welding at Panzhihua Technician College, and won the gold medal in the welding project of the 44th World Skills Competition in 2017; Hu Min, Gaoling District, Xi’an, gave free assistance I was subsidized to study in Shaanxi Automobile Technical School. In 2019, I won the "Female Elite Award" in the National Steel Structure Welding Vocational Skills Competition... "In recent years, nearly 8 million children from poor families have received vocational education. These people have received vocational education from vocational schools. After graduation, the stability of employment is very high." Ou Qingping said.

  "In recent years, a large number of poor people have gone out to work. While relying on their own hands to increase income, they have broadened their horizons, liberated their minds, and got rid of their ideological dependence. It has also changed the past that some poor people were resigned, passive and contented with the status quo. The situation has realized the transition from'I want to get rid of poverty' to'I want to get rid of poverty', which fundamentally stimulated their endogenous motivation." Ou Qingping said, "Poverty alleviation must first help aspirations, and employment is the best way to help aspirations and wisdom. the way."

  Kong Dechen