China News Service, Beijing, November 14 (Chen Jing) Affected by the epidemic, this year's China Development Forum will be later than in previous years.
Standing at the intersection of the "two centenary goals", in the context of the spread of the global epidemic, the voice from the forum is particularly worth looking forward to.
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, what goals will China's economic and social development achieve?
What are the shortcomings to make up?
What should we do in terms of international cooperation?
In the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan and Vision 2035" unit of the 2020 China Development Forum held recently, senior leaders from the Chinese government, global business leaders and representatives of international organizations collaborated online and offline to focus on the above Talk about your opinions and suggestions on the topic.
"China's GDP is expected to exceed 100 trillion yuan this year. Against the background of a sharp decline in world economic growth, China has become the main source of power for the world economy." Tang Dengjie, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, said that since the 13th Five-Year Plan The contribution rate of China’s consumption to economic growth averages over 60%, becoming the main driving force for economic growth, and the scale of the consumer market ranks among the world’s top.
Axel Tosenberg, Executive Vice President of Operations of the World Bank, said that the new crown pneumonia pandemic is causing serious damage to the global economy.
In order to solve a series of global challenges, strong international cooperation will play an important role, and China's role in this regard is crucial.
He believes that China's 14th Five-Year Plan and 2035 development path are opportunities to accelerate the rebalancing of the economy from investment to consumption.
According to the Deputy Secretary-General of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Masaichi Kono said that in accordance with the current global economic and epidemic situation, the OECD expects that China will achieve a real GDP growth of 1.8% in 2020, which is the only G20 country to achieve positive growth in 2020. Growing countries.
"The Fourteenth Five-Year Plan is China's blueprint for economic and social development in the next five years. China is trying to promote a stronger, more resilient, greener and more inclusive recovery through a series of adjustments and reforms." Say.
He believes that a more resilient recovery means the need to apply the principle of competitive neutrality and provide a level playing field for market participants with different ownership structures. This requires the leverage of private sector funds and the access of foreign investment.
In addition, improving the level of public services and increasing the income of residents are related to the well-being of the people, and they are also key topics of heated discussion on the forum.
“It is necessary to focus on increasing the income of low-income groups, expand middle-income groups, increase property income of urban and rural residents, and achieve the basic synchronization of residents’ income growth and economic growth.” Tang Dengjie pointed out that it is necessary to continuously improve the redistribution mechanism and increase taxation, social security, and transfer. The intensity and accuracy of payment and other adjustments will improve the distribution of income and wealth.
Ahmed Said, deputy governor of the Asian Development Bank, believes that with the transition to higher-quality development, the government will undertake more public investment and public services, provide more social security, and also support Some initiatives on environmental protection and climate.
The global spread of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has caused labor shortages and supply chains to be interrupted. Some countries are tightening their rice bags, restricting grain exports, increasing imports, and increasing reserves. International food market volatility has intensified, and people are generally worried about a food crisis.
"China is the largest country in food production and consumption. Whether it can ensure food for 1.4 billion people is of great concern to the world." Han Changfu, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China, gave a set of data: During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China's grain harvest has been bumper year after year. Stable at more than 1.3 trillion catties, and the per capita food holdings remain stable at around 470 kg, which is higher than the international standard of 400 kg per capita. The food security situation is at the best period in history.
Han Changfu said that China's grain harvest in 2020 is a foregone conclusion, and output is expected to hit a record high.
Agriculture is the ballast stone for stable economic and social development.
How will China's agricultural and rural development work in the next five years?
Han Changfu said that three major things must be done well.
First, consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, and continue to comprehensively promote rural revitalization.
Second, improve agricultural quality, efficiency and competitiveness, and accelerate agricultural modernization.
Third, implement rural construction activities and continuously promote rural modernization.
In terms of green development, Said stated that China’s carbon dioxide emissions are striving to reach a peak before 2030, and striving to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 are very important and important goals, both for China and the world. Without China's participation, there will be no way to achieve global carbon neutrality.
Tosenberg suggested that from changing the power dispatch system to allow low-cost renewable resources to effectively compete with coal or thermal power, to launching an emissions trading system within the economy, there will be many opportunities for reforms that will make China A major transformation for a sustainable and low-carbon future.