The development of the digital economy brings new confusion, and we need to work hard from the "foundation"

  Science and Technology Daily reporter Cui Shuang

  "The technological revolution and industrial transformation are developing in depth. The digital economy has become the most important feature of the fourth industrial revolution. Digital technology is its core content. Society is undergoing transformation, and technology is profoundly affecting industries and society." On November 9, one of the five sub-forums of the 2nd World Forum on Science and Technology and Development, the World Digital Economy Forum hosted by the China Association for Science and Technology was held. Huai Jinpeng, secretary of the Party Group of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said in his speech.

  But at the same time, he also pointed out that the rapid development of the digital economy also brings new confusions, such as data leakage and data loss. It is necessary to increase the research on digital technology to make the digital economy, digital technology and the real economy softer. , Effective, gradual and sustainable development.

Basic research on the digital economy needs to be enriched

  What is the digital economy?

According to Wu Hequan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and former vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, this seemingly simple problem is actually difficult to solve.

"The blurred border between the digital economy and the non-digital economy makes it difficult to clarify the connotation of the digital economy. We say that going to a restaurant to eat is the real economy. Does ordering a takeaway become a digital economy? How to calculate this is a big problem." Wu Hequan said that it is necessary to study the digital economy, especially basic research, such as statistics on the added value of industrial digital transformation, cross-border digital trade, and the added value of digital consumption as products.

  "I hope to develop a unified standard for measuring the digital economy." said Liu Duo, president of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology.

She said that the digital economy still needs to be clarified: Regarding cross-border digital flows, we hope to jointly formulate safe and institutionalized international rules; Regarding rules related to international trade, especially the digital economy, digital taxes, electronic transmission tariffs, intellectual property rights Protection and other issues.

"Therefore, the development of the digital economy requires technological innovation, digital transformation of industries, and global collaboration to jointly improve relevant privacy, ethics, and regulations, and formulate global governance rules to promote the development of the global digital economy." Liu Duo Say.

Speed ​​up the training of digital talents

  "The development of digital technology has indeed brought many new business formats and new models. I believe that the world will enter a climax of innovation in the post-epidemic era. New digital technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things will reconstruct the industrial ecology and redefine it. The global division of labor and comparative advantages have formed a stronger innovation vitality.” said Wang Yiming, former deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council.

  He emphasized that the digitalization of R&D will change the traditional innovation model: the traditional innovation model is a technology innovation oriented, scientific research personnel as the main body, and laboratories as the carrier of scientific and technological innovation activities. It is participating in user-centered, diverse subjects. An open innovation shift focused on greater cooperation.

Jan Danskau, a professor in the Department of Digitalization at Copenhagen Business School in Denmark, said that relevant organizations must abandon their old concepts and processes, go lightly, and realize digital transformation faster.

  In this process, Wang Yiming pointed out that it is necessary to rely on high-level research universities to accelerate the training of digital high-end talents, "implement a more open talent policy, and rely on digital platforms to introduce a group of high-end information technology talents. Professional technical colleges should also appropriately strengthen digital majors. Set up and cultivate professional and technical personnel and industrial workers to provide high-quality human capital for digital transformation."

2.0 The digital divide needs to be resolved by all parties

  During the new crown pneumonia epidemic, news that blocked actions due to lack of smart phones and lack of digital skills frequently appeared in the newspapers, which also triggered discussions on digital fairness.

At the forum, experts from various countries unanimously cast their sights on marginalized groups in the digital age.

  "Many elderly people don’t know how to use digital technology, and many services they cannot enjoy. Even if digital applications are further expanded in the future, the price of broadband networks is still too high for the poor in many countries, and they are deprived of them. The right to participate in the digital society." Malcolm Johnson, Deputy Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, said that whether it is for enterprises, governments, and non-governmental organizations, international cooperation and international coordination are essential. Digital technology can not only help us fight against The new crown pneumonia epidemic also helps to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

  "Now we have entered the 2.0 digital divide." Wang Chunhui, a professor at Zhejiang University and the dean of the United Nations Silk Road Forum Digital Economy Research Institute, believes that the so-called 2.0 digital divide means that digital technology itself has no difference in many regions. The difference lies in whether individuals use digital technology. The ability to improve the quality of life and the ability to use digital technology to create wealth? "During the epidemic, many elderly people did not even have a mobile phone, could not scan the health code, and could not get out of the door. Some traditional companies with low automation did not have the ability to use digital technology. It is very difficult to create wealth, carry out intelligent transformation, and scattered digital transformation."

  "Is the manufacturing industry fully accepting digital transformation? It is difficult to tell." Zhang Yanchuan, vice chairman and secretary-general of the China Institute of Communications, also believes that "from this perspective, the spread of digital technology as a general technology will take time, and there are also gaps in it. The government and industry need to work together."

  Source: Science and Technology Daily