On October 29, the communique of the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was released.
The plenary session proposed to optimize the spatial layout of the country and promote coordinated regional development and new urbanization.
Persist in the implementation of major regional strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and main functional area strategies, improve regional coordinated development systems and mechanisms, improve new urbanization strategies, and build a high-quality development of land and space layout and support system.
It is necessary to build a new pattern of land and space development and protection, promote coordinated regional development, and promote a new type of urbanization centered on people.
Feng Kui, deputy director of the Central Economic Committee of the China Democratic League and researcher of the China Urban and Small Town Reform and Development Center, analyzed by China Business News that the Central Plenary Session proposed that the long-term goal of socialist modernization should be basically achieved by 2035, and land space should be the carrier of all development activities. , We must take the promotion of high-quality development as the theme to provide a fundamental guarantee for achieving high-quality development.
Optimize the land space allocation
Optimize the land space allocation
Feng Kui analyzed that in terms of the layout of land and space, it is necessary to strengthen the implementation of the country’s major regional strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and main functional zone strategies; it is necessary to scientifically plan high-quality urban spaces, optimize the industrial space layout, and create beautiful and livable areas. Rural space, build an ecological space with beautiful mountains and clear waters.
In terms of the supporting system, it is necessary to improve the legal and policy system, improve the technical standard system, and improve the basic information platform of the land and space, etc., to make the land and space governance system more mature and more stereotyped.
Niu Fengrui, a researcher at the Urban Development and Environmental Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed to a reporter from China Business News that economic and social development requires a certain amount of space. Without the space, there will be no economic and social development.
At present, there is still a lot of potential to be tapped in some space utilization, that is, to optimize the space structure.
Niu Fengrui said that some places with relatively large space development should have corresponding resource allocation, which can improve the country's overall factor allocation efficiency.
To optimize the land space is to optimize the efficiency of resource allocation.
Only with the improvement of resource allocation efficiency can the quality of economic development be improved and resources can be better saved.
In the process of optimizing land and space, a major strategy for regional development is critical.
Feng Kui said that in the process of modernization, major regional development strategies are accelerating systemization. The content of this system includes the development of the western region, the rise of central China, the revitalization of the northeast, and the first development of the east; including the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integrated high-quality development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing double-city economic circle; also includes the planning and construction of urban agglomerations, metropolitan areas, and central cities.
In the future, the connotation of this system will be deepened and the content will be enriched.
Feng Kui believes that the implementation of major regional development strategies is conducive to forming high-quality growth poles and reducing the pressure of economic downturn; conducive to forming comparative advantages, improving development efficiency, and promoting coordinated regional development; conducive to scientific layout and ensuring realization Sustainable development and national security goals.
In this process, central cities, metropolitan areas, and urban agglomerations are playing an increasingly important leading role.
Giving full play to the comparative advantages of various regions, especially enhancing the leading and leading role of central cities, metropolitan areas, and urban agglomerations, is a new requirement for my country's regional economic development.
Since 2018, the central government has repeatedly emphasized the need to play the leading role of central cities and urban agglomerations.
The fifth meeting of the Central Finance and Economics Committee held on August 26 last year pointed out that the current spatial structure of my country's economic development is undergoing profound changes, and central cities and urban agglomerations are becoming the main spatial forms that carry development factors.
To promote coordinated regional development under the new situation, it is necessary to adjust and improve the regional policy system in accordance with objective economic laws, give play to the comparative advantages of various regions, promote the rational flow and efficient agglomeration of various elements, enhance the motivation for innovation and development, accelerate the construction of a high-quality development power system, and enhance The economic and population carrying capacity of regions with economic development advantages such as central cities and urban agglomerations.
Niu Fengrui said that encouraging the development of central cities, metropolitan areas, and urban agglomerations conforms to the objective laws of economic development and urban development, and is also an inevitable trend and requirement for optimizing the allocation of land and space.
The areas where central cities and urban agglomerations are located are areas with relatively good resource allocations. “City dense areas should be the result of our land space optimization. If we follow this development trend further, we can achieve better development quality.”
"Within a certain size limit, the efficiency of resource allocation is getting higher and higher as the scale of the city expands." Niu Fengrui said that at present, the development of urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas and the improvement of the driving capacity of central cities are current The main focus is that these places are also the focus of investment and the center of innovation.
There is still a lot of room for new urbanization
There is still a lot of room for new urbanization
The plenary session mentioned that we must promote a new type of urbanization centered on people.
Feng Kui said that from the perspective of the urbanization rate of the registered population, the urbanization rate of the permanent population, and the process of the agricultural transfer population becoming new citizens, China's new urbanization task has not been completed.
Facing the long-term goal of modernization, a new type of urbanization should make a difference and at the same time have a lot to do.
Under China's national conditions, the process of modernization is also a process of increasing the number of new citizens and improving their quality.
At the "China's New Urbanization Theory, Policy, and Practice Forum 2020" held on September 25 this year, Cai Fang, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that the current urbanization rate counts all migrant workers.
However, these people did not get a registered permanent residence in the city, did not enjoy equal basic public services, and their income and employment were unstable. Due to their low income, they did not enjoy basic public services. "His consumption is discounted and their consumption is suppressed accordingly. "
Cai Fang gave an example. Some studies have shown that if migrant workers are converted to urban household registration, even if their wages do not increase, they can increase consumption by 27%.
The current urbanization rate of the registered population is still 16% lower than the urbanization rate of the permanent population. If the gap between the urbanization rate of the registered population and the urbanization rate of the permanent population is filled, it is also a huge potential.
Feng Kui said that a new type of urbanization centered on people is not only an inevitable requirement for modernization, but also an important means of modernization.
Grasping the new-type urbanization centered on people is fundamentally a true expression of the people-oriented concept of governance.
At the same time, advancing a new type of urbanization centered on people will play a major role in expanding domestic demand, stimulating investment growth, and discovering the greatest potential for China's long-term growth.