China News Service, October 27th. Liu Huanxin, deputy minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said on the 27th that the goals and tasks of agricultural and rural development set in the "13th Five-Year Plan" have been successfully completed.
The 1.4 billion Chinese have a stronger job. The grain output has exceeded 1.3 trillion catties for six consecutive years, and the production capacity has reached a new level.
The State Council Information Office held a press conference on the 27th to introduce the main achievements of agricultural and rural development during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period.
Liu Huanxin said at the meeting that this year is the final year of the "13th Five-Year Plan", and agricultural and rural departments at all levels will focus on the "six stability" work, implement the "six guarantees" tasks, and effectively respond to the new crown pneumonia epidemic, severe floods, and major disasters. Risks and challenges such as the occurrence of heavy pests and diseases, the development of agriculture and rural areas continues to be stable and improving.
Grain production is expected to hit a record high, pig production is recovering better than expected, the supply of "vegetable basket" products is sufficient, and the income gap between urban and rural residents is further narrowed.
Liu Huanxin pointed out that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, historic achievements and historic changes have taken place in agricultural and rural development. The goals and tasks of agricultural and rural development defined in the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" have been successfully completed. A moderately prosperous society has provided strong support, and has won strategic initiative for stabilizing the overall situation of economic and social development and coping with domestic and foreign risks and challenges.
One is that the jobs of the 1.4 billion Chinese have become stronger.
Adhere to the strategy of storing grain on the ground and storing grain on technology, complete 800 million mu of high-standard farmland construction tasks with high yield and stable yield due to droughts and floods, delineate 1.088 billion mu of grain production functional areas and important agricultural products production protection zones, and grain output has exceeded 1.3 for 6 consecutive years Trillion catties, the production capacity has reached a new level.
The self-sufficiency rate of rice and wheat has been maintained above 100%, and the self-sufficiency rate of corn has exceeded 95%. There are abundant varieties of meat, egg, milk, fruit and vegetable tea, and the supply is abundant, which effectively meets the increasing consumer demand of the people.
Second, the modernization of agriculture has reached a new level.
The contribution rate of agricultural science and technology progress exceeded 60%, the national comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting exceeded 70%, and the main crop varieties were fully covered.
There are more than 1 million family farms across the country, 2.225 million farmer cooperatives, and 893,000 agricultural socialized service organizations. They have become the main force leading the development of modern agriculture and have strongly promoted the organic connection between small farmers and modern agriculture.
The application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has achieved negative growth for three consecutive years, and the qualified rate of agricultural product quality and safety monitoring has stabilized at over 97%, and quality and green agriculture have become the main theme of modern agriculture.
The third is to achieve the goal of doubling the income of farmers ahead of schedule.
The per capita disposable income of rural residents exceeded 16,000 yuan in 2019, doubling one year earlier than in 2010. The growth rate has been higher than that of urban residents for 10 consecutive years. The income gap between urban and rural residents has continued to narrow, from 2.73:1 in 2015 to 2019 2.64:1 for the year.
In the first three quarters of this year, the per capita disposable income of rural residents reached 12,297 yuan, an actual increase of 1.6%. The growth rate in the fourth quarter will continue to increase, and farmers will have more sense of happiness in a well-off year.
Fourth, decisive achievements have been made in the fight against poverty.
By the end of this year, all the poor under the current standards will be lifted out of poverty, all 832 impoverished counties will be removed, and the overall regional poverty problem will be resolved.
The industrial poverty alleviation policy covers 98% of poverty-stricken households. More than 1 million industrial poverty alleviation projects have been implemented in poverty-stricken areas, and more than 300,000 industrial poverty alleviation bases have been built. Each poverty-stricken county has formed a leading role with distinctive characteristics and strong ability to bring poverty. Industry, industry poverty alleviation has become the poverty alleviation measure with the widest coverage, the largest number of people, and the most effective results.
Fifth, rural revitalization has achieved a good start.
The rural revitalization strategic plan was promulgated and implemented, the party’s rural work regulations were promulgated and implemented, and the rural revitalization institutional framework was basically formed.
The penetration rate of rural sanitary toilets has exceeded 65%, the coverage rate of the collection, transportation and disposal system for domestic waste in administrative villages has exceeded 90%, and the three-year action objectives and tasks for the improvement of rural human settlements have been basically completed.
The construction of infrastructure such as rural water, electricity, and communications has been accelerated, the level of public services such as education, medical care, and elderly care has been continuously improved, the rural governance system has been further improved, and the rural outlook has taken on a new look.
Sixth, rural reforms continue to deepen.
The basic rural management system was further consolidated and improved, and more than 200 million rural households received certificates of land contract management rights.
After the second round of land contracting expired, the policy was promulgated for another 30 years. Significant progress was made in the "three-rights separation" of rural contracted land ownership, contracting rights, and management rights, and a new round of rural homestead reform pilot projects were launched.
The settlement and verification of rural collective assets have basically been completed, and the identity of more than 600 million collective members has been confirmed.
The agricultural support and protection system is gradually improved, the green ecology-oriented agricultural subsidy system has been initially established, the adjustment and improvement of the scope of land transfer income use priority to support the introduction of rural revitalization policies, and the basic construction of the "four beams and eight pillars" of rural reform.
Liu Huanxin said that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, we will firmly establish a new development concept, implement high-quality development and build a new development pattern, adhere to the general policy of prioritizing agricultural and rural development, and take the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy as the guideline to steadily upgrade important agricultural products such as grain Guarantee the level, strive to improve the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture, focus on strengthening the construction of beautiful and livable villages, consolidate and upgrade the results of poverty alleviation, continue to deepen rural reforms, continuously improve the rural governance system, and accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas.