Chinanews, October 21, 21, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs held a press conference on the agricultural and rural economic situation in the first three quarters of 2020.
Wei Baigang, chief economist and director of the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that this year's grain harvest is a foregone conclusion and the output is expected to reach the best level in history.
Data map: Rice farmers smile at the harvest of rice.
Photo by Hua Yanming
Wei Baigang said that since the beginning of this year, in the face of complex and severe domestic and foreign situations, agricultural and rural departments at all levels have fully implemented the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to effectively deal with the new crown pneumonia epidemic, severe floods, and the occurrence of major diseases and insect pests. To improve the production of food and pigs, take multiple measures to promote the employment and income of farmers, and coordinate the promotion of agricultural and rural reform and development. The agricultural and rural economy has maintained a momentum of continuous improvement and steady progress.
The grain harvest is a foregone conclusion, and the output is expected to reach the best level in history; the recovery of live pig production is better than expected, and the supply of "vegetable basket" products is sufficient; the added value of the primary industry in the first three quarters is 4,812.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.3%; the income of farmers is 12297 yuan, A year-on-year increase of 1.6%.
The situation of agricultural production is good, and it has become a prominent highlight of the operation of the national economy. The role of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" ballast has become more prominent, providing strong support for stabilizing the overall situation of economic and social development.
First, there was another bumper harvest throughout the year, and the variety structure was further optimized.
The output of summer grain and early rice both increased, reaching 340.2 billion jin, an increase of 4.48 billion jin over the previous year. In particular, the area of early rice reversed its downward trend for seven consecutive years.
The autumn grain harvest is close to 80%, and a bumper harvest is a foregone conclusion.
It is expected that the annual grain output will hit a record high again and will remain above 1.3 trillion catties for six consecutive years.
The planting structure continued to be optimized. The area of high-quality special-purpose wheat reached 35.8%, the area of high-quality rice was further expanded, and the area of soybeans is expected to increase for 5 consecutive years.
Second, the recovery of live pig production was better than expected, and the supply of "vegetable basket" products was sufficient.
Since the beginning of this year, all localities have conscientiously implemented the support policies for the recovery of live pig production, accelerated the expansion of farm households to increase production, and the normalized prevention and control of African swine fever, which strongly promoted the recovery of live pig production. In the first three quarters, 12,500 large-scale pig farms were newly built and put into production. , 13,400 vacant-scale pig farms were re-raised.
By the end of September, the national live pig inventory reached 370 million, which was restored to 84% at the end of 2017; the breeding sow population reached 38.22 million, which was restored to 86% at the end of 2017.
The output of poultry, beef, and mutton reached 24.13 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.7%.
With the rapid recovery of live pig production and the increase in slaughter volume, pork prices have fallen for 7 consecutive weeks, and the market price is 50.56 yuan per kilogram, which is 9.08 yuan lower than the highest point in February this year.
Vegetable production has increased steadily, and prices have risen seasonally.
A large number of autumn fruits are on the market, and the price has dropped to the normal level.
Third, the Yangtze River's ban on catching and retreating from catching has achieved initial results, and the green development of agriculture has been solidly promoted.
In the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin, a total of 84,000 fishing boats and 179,700 retired fishermen have been disposed of, basically completing the task of retreating; 168,700 retired fishermen have implemented social security for 168,700, accounting for 93.32% of the approved tasks; and 118,400 are converted to employment, accounting for the needs. 93.57% of the number of people who switched jobs; cleared and banned 24,500 fishing-related "three noes" vessels and 175,100 illegal nets, laying a solid foundation for the 10-year ban on fishing in key waters of the Yangtze River basin from January 1 next year.
The green development of agriculture has been steadily promoted, and the utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure resources has reached 75%, achieving the set target one year in advance.
The area of conservation farming on black soil in Northeast China reached 46 million mu, exceeding the annual target of 6 million mu.
The quality and safety of agricultural products has been steadily improved, and the supply of green and high-quality agricultural products has increased significantly. The passing rate of random inspections in the first three quarters has remained above 97%, which is stable at a high level.
Fourth, the ability of industries to bring poverty has been further strengthened, and the income of farmers in poor areas has continued to grow.
Focusing on 52 counties without hats and "three districts and three states", vigorously implement six major actions including marketing of agricultural and livestock products and training of leaders for poverty alleviation.
In response to the problem of poor sales of agricultural and livestock products in poverty-stricken areas, a public welfare platform for production and marketing connection was established, and emergency promotion of poverty alleviation agricultural products was carried out. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs helped complete the 12 billion yuan poverty alleviation agricultural product sales task.
Set up an industrial technology advisory group for each of the 52 uncapped counties to carry out precise guidance services.
According to our statistics, more than 1 million industrial poverty alleviation projects have been implemented in 832 impoverished counties, and more than 300,000 industrial poverty alleviation bases have been built. Each impoverished county has formed 2-3 leading poverty alleviation industries with distinctive characteristics and strong poverty alleviation capabilities. , 72% of poor households have established an interest-linked relationship with new business entities, and industrial poverty alleviation has become the poverty alleviation measure with the widest coverage, the largest number of poor people, and the most effective results.
In the first three quarters, the growth rate of farmers' income in poor areas continued to be higher than the national average of rural residents.
Fifth, rural industries have fully recovered, and employment channels for migrant workers returning to their hometowns have been effectively expanded.
The agricultural product processing industry has returned to the level of the same period last year. It is expected that the agricultural product processing industry above designated size will achieve operating income of more than 10 trillion yuan in the first three quarters.
Leisure agriculture and rural tourism projects such as farmhouses, catering and homestays have been fully opened. The 1,000 rural leisure tourism routes jointly recommended by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism have become a place for urban and rural residents to enjoy autumn trips during the "Eleventh" period.
Online sales of agricultural products have maintained double-digit growth, and online retail sales are expected to exceed 300 billion yuan in the first three quarters.
Affected by the epidemic, the number of migrant workers staying in their hometowns or returning home for the second time has increased. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in conjunction with relevant departments, has vigorously developed rural industries, implemented a one-time entrepreneurial subsidy policy, carried out vocational skills training, expanded the scale of work-for-relief, added public welfare positions, and strengthened The docking service has effectively expanded the employment space of migrant workers returning to their hometowns.
At present, migrant workers who have returned to their hometowns have basically achieved stable or flexible employment locally and nearby, and rural society has maintained harmony and stability.
Sixth, investment in agriculture and rural areas has rebounded rapidly, and the shortcomings of infrastructure have been accelerated.
The Central Office of the State Council issued an opinion on adjusting and improving the scope of land transfer income to give priority to rural revitalization. It requires that by the end of the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the proportion of local land transfer income used for agriculture and rural areas reaches more than 50%. This policy has a very high gold content.
Seven ministries and commissions including the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued policy documents on expanding effective investment in agriculture and rural areas, clarifying 11 key areas to make up for shortcomings.
Increase the support of local government bonds in the "three rural" areas, focusing on supporting high-standard farmland, rural living environment improvement, modern agricultural industrial parks, and cold chain logistics facilities for storage and preservation of agricultural products.
From January to August, a total of 108.4 billion yuan was supported.
Driven by various policies and major projects, the fixed asset investment in the primary industry in the first three quarters reached 1,165.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.5%, achieving positive growth for four consecutive months, and the growth rate increased by 16.7% over the same period last year.
Wei Baigang said that in general, this year's food production has reaped a bumper harvest in the disaster-prone year. The supply of "vegetable basket" products is sufficient, and farmers' income has achieved positive growth. This has added confidence and strived for strategic initiative to cope with the complex and severe domestic and foreign situations.
There are still nearly three months until the end of the year. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will go all out to complete the tasks in the "three rural" areas identified in the Central Document No. 1 and the government work report. , To hand in a satisfactory answer for the decisive victory over poverty alleviation and the comprehensive construction of a well-off society.