Greater efforts will be made to promote the large-scale development of
wind power industry is expected to usher in a turning point
Our reporter Wang Yichen
On October 14, the A-share wind power sector ushered in a rare collective rise, which originated from a declaration.
At the 2020 Beijing International Wind Energy Conference held that day, hundreds of wind power companies jointly issued the "Wind Energy Beijing Declaration."
The declaration proposes that in order to achieve the goal of starting to connect with the goal of carbon neutrality, in the "14th Five-Year Plan", it is necessary to set a development space for wind power that is compatible with the national carbon neutral strategy: guarantee an average annual increase of 50 million Above kilowatts.
After 2025, China's average annual new installed capacity of wind power should not be less than 60 million kilowatts, reaching at least 800 million kilowatts by 2030, and at least 3 billion kilowatts by 2060.
Qin Haiyan, secretary general of the Wind Energy Professional Committee of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society, said that the annual increase of 50 million kilowatts of installed capacity is a very strong market signal. All development companies and manufacturing companies will formulate their development and investment plans in accordance with this goal, and will also affect financial institutions. , Stock market, etc.
Data show that in 2019, the newly-connected installed capacity of wind power nationwide was only 25.74 million kilowatts.
As of the first half of 2020, the cumulative installed capacity of wind power and photovoltaic power generation nationwide were 217 million kilowatts and 216 million kilowatts respectively. Five years ago, the figures were 129 million kilowatts and 43.18 million kilowatts, respectively.
As the growth rate of installed capacity has slowed down year after year, the wind power industry, which originally had a first-mover advantage, is facing the situation of being overtaken by the photovoltaic industry.
However, the plight of the wind power industry is expected to usher in a turning point during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.
"As one of the important forces of clean energy, the wind power industry will certainly take on more responsibilities and will also usher in more room for development." Ren Yuzhi, deputy director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Department of the National Energy Administration, said that the National Energy Administration is Organize and carry out the work related to the formulation of the "14th Five-Year Plan" for the development of renewable energy, which will vigorously promote the high-quality development of new and renewable energy, and vigorously promote the large-scale development of wind power.
Ren Yuzhi said that he will adhere to the simultaneous development of centralized and decentralized, simultaneous local consumption and delivery, and simultaneous development on land and sea, and actively promote the construction of large-scale onshore wind power bases in the "Three Norths" area and large-scale export, and accelerate the promotion of offshore Large-scale development and demonstration development of the far-reaching ocean will vigorously promote the development of eco-friendly decentralized wind power in the central and eastern and southern regions.
In fact, considering the practical feasibility of resource potential, technological progress trends, and grid-connected consumption conditions, wind power already has a market foundation for larger-scale development.
"From a technical point of view, the efficiency of wind power can be greatly improved, and the cost can be significantly reduced." According to Zhang Lei, CEO of Envision Technology Group, the construction cost of wind farms in the entire "Three North" area can also be reduced by about 30%.
At the same time, based on the intelligent operating system, the fan life can be extended to more than 30 years.
In 2023, the cost per kilowatt-hour of wind power in China's "Three North" high wind speed regions will reach 0.1 yuan/kWh, and the cost of energy storage on the power generation side will also reach 0.1 yuan/kWh.
After the cost of electricity per kilowatt-hour has dropped significantly, the large-scale development of wind power still needs to solve the problem of energy storage volatility, which largely depends on technological progress.
"According to the product energy storage technology route, with the improvement of battery cell technology, we are confident to achieve an energy storage cost of 0.1 yuan per kilowatt-hour of electricity by 2023." Zhang Lei said that the price of wind power in the future will be lower than that of thermal power. Become a more stable, predictable and controllable energy source.
Goldwind Technology Chairman Wu Gang said that China currently leads the world in terms of installed capacity, but there is still much room for development in terms of consumption.
In particular, the abandonment of wind power and the insured price but not the quantity guaranteed have harmed the investment enthusiasm of the majority of wind power investors.
In this regard, Ren Yuzhi said that he will make greater efforts to promote wind power consumption, promote the construction of a new generation of power systems that adapt to a high proportion of renewable energy, optimize and improve the guarantee mechanism of renewable energy power consumption, increase evaluation and assessment efforts, and mobilize various types The enthusiasm of market entities to develop and utilize wind power.