Since the beginning of this year, China has continued to raise the welfare benefits of retirees, urban and rural minimum living standards and other livelihood benefits-

  increasing the welfare benefits of the people

has continued

  Pensions for corporate retirees have achieved "16 consecutive increases", and adjustments to the minimum standard of basic pensions for urban and rural residents have also followed!

Around the National Day, many social security departments forwarded the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Ministry of Finance "Notice on Raising the National Basic Pension Standard for Urban and Rural Residents in 2020."

This increase in benefits starts in July, and many places have promised to reissue and adjust them before the end of October.

  Pensions continue to rise; urban and rural minimum living standards have been raised; temporary price subsidies have been issued in a timely manner; unemployment insurance coverage has continued to expand; medical insurance outpatient ceilings have increased... This year, the Chinese economy has faced difficulties and challenges, affected by the epidemic, tax cuts and fee reductions, etc. Factors have led to a "tight life" in finance, but the level of China's livelihood security is still improving.

  "Built" the most difficult groups and "keep" the most basic life.

Behind this, it is the "tight days" of the governments at all levels that exchanged for the real "good days" of the people, which is the livelihood temperature of the people in the books of major countries.

  Livelihood protection is more solid

  ——The national pension for retirees has been raised by 5%, the minimum living standards in urban and rural areas have been raised in many places, temporary price subsidies and unemployment insurance have been increased.

  A few months ago, in 80 villages in Kaole Township, Dongxiang County, Gansu Province, the elderly Qi Bude, a poverty-stricken person who established a registered card, finally got his own pension insurance for urban and rural residents.

Previously, due to the separation of households and financial difficulties, the elderly have not been insured.

  The monthly pension of one to two hundred yuan, although not much, is the most stable life guarantee for the poor elderly.

In order to ensure that the poor should be fully insured, in the first half of the year, relevant departments paid a total of 3.748 billion yuan in basic pension insurance premiums for urban and rural residents for 33,722,600 needy groups.

Many elderly people like Qi Bude have also received a reliable guarantee for their old age.

  With the sudden outbreak of the epidemic and the slowdown in economic growth, many people thought that this year’s standards of people’s livelihood would definitely not be raised.

But in fact, focusing on the people's "emergency and worry" issue, China's livelihood security continues to increase this year.

  -The overall increase is 5%!

The basic pension for retirees nationwide will continue to increase this year, with an increase of about 5%.

Many provinces have raised the minimum standards for basic pensions for urban and rural residents, realized unified income and expenditures for the basic pension insurance fund for enterprise employees, and increased the central adjustment ratio to 4%.

  ——A total of 24.63 billion yuan has been distributed!

Since the beginning of this year, various regions have issued temporary price subsidies in a timely manner, benefiting about 366 million people in need.

The National Development and Reform Commission encourages places where conditions permit to continue to implement the phased "standard increase and expansion" policy of temporary price subsidies or issue one-off subsidies to effectively guarantee the basic livelihood of the people in need.

  ——Raise bids again!

Recently, many provinces have clearly adjusted their urban and rural minimum living standards.

For example, Liaoning Province has determined that this year's urban minimum living standards will increase by more than 5%, and the province's rural minimum living standards will increase by more than 7%.

Shanghai adjusted the minimum living security and other social assistance standards from 1,160 yuan per person per month to 1,240 yuan per person per month.

  In addition, the coverage of unemployment insurance has continued to expand this year, including migrant workers who have been insured for less than one year and other unemployed persons; migrant workers who have difficulty living and cannot be covered by the unemployment insurance policy can apply for a one-time temporary assistance; minors The conditions for obtaining assistance and support for extremely poor people have been extended from 16 to 18 years old... The security net for the needy people is constantly being woven.

  "The implementation of various policies to protect people's livelihood is inseparable from the financial guarantee of real money." He Daixin, deputy director of the Finance Research Office of the Institute of Financial Strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that in this special period, all localities will step up efforts to stabilize the people's livelihood. "Let the funds cut to the benefit of the enterprise and the people.

  "Tight days" for "good days"

  ——The central government's expenditure arrangements for negative growth, of which non-urgent non-rigid expenditures have been reduced by more than 50%; basic people's livelihood expenditures will only increase without reduction

  Since the beginning of this year, expenditures for poverty alleviation and people's livelihood protection have continued to increase. At the same time, due to the impact of the epidemic, tax cuts and fee reductions, fiscal revenue is facing greater pressure.

So, where does the money for improving people's livelihood come from?

  Behind this is the "tight days" of careful financial planning in exchange for real "good days" for the people.

  A proactive fiscal policy is more proactive and effective, on the one hand, adding and subtracting well.

  This year’s fiscal deficit rate has increased to over 3.6%, 0.8 percentage points higher than last year, and an increase of 1 trillion yuan in fiscal funds; the central government issued 1 trillion yuan in anti-epidemic special treasury bonds; increased the scale of local government special bonds by 1.6 trillion yuan... In addition, fiscal policy is more proactive.

  The main purpose of subtraction is to benefit enterprises and people, reduce taxes and fees.

Faced with a severe and complex situation this year, the central government has issued a series of tax and fee reduction policies. It is estimated that the scale of new tax and fee reductions will exceed 2.5 trillion yuan throughout the year, helping market players to relieve their development.

  On the other hand, the expenditure structure is more optimized.

  The government work report this year made it clear that governments at all levels must really live tight, the central government must take the lead, and the central government's expenditure arrangements for negative growth, of which non-urgent non-rigid expenditures are reduced by more than 50%.

At the same time, expenditures on basic people's livelihoods will only increase, and expenditures in key areas must be guaranteed.

Take the recent increase in the national minimum basic pension insurance standard for urban and rural residents as an example. The central government will provide full subsidies to the central and western regions and 50% subsidies to the eastern regions for the funds required to raise the standard.

  How much room does the government have to live a "tight life"?

The Minister of Finance Liu Kun said that in recent years, general expenditures such as the "San Gong" funds have indeed been compressed year after year.

To live a "tight life", there is room for scientific budget arrangements, diligence and frugality, careful calculation, and improvement in quality and efficiency.

  Affected by the impact of the epidemic, tax cuts and fee reductions, the national general public budget revenue in the first half of the year fell by 10.8% year-on-year.

However, with the promotion of resumption of work and production and the relief of enterprises' rescue efforts, the general public budget revenue has achieved positive growth for three consecutive months since June.

  "Regarding the fiscal revenue and expenditure situation for the whole year, we have seen that since the second quarter, economic operations have improved month by month, production demand has continued to pick up, major indicators have resumed growth, and positive factors have increased significantly. On the whole, my country's economy is stable and improving in the long term. The fundamentals for the improvement have not changed. With the steady improvement of economic development, through hard work, we are confident to complete the goals and tasks of this year's fiscal work." Liu Kun said.

  Guaranteed local financial resources

  ——As of August 31, an actual expenditure of 735.8 billion yuan has been formed out of 1.7 trillion yuan of direct funds, of which 712.5 billion yuan has been spent at the grassroots level in cities and counties, accounting for 96.8%

  Wuhan City, Hubei has arranged 4.726 billion yuan to support the reconstruction and expansion of 11 central urban hospitals and the construction of primary medical and health service systems; Sichuan arranges vocational skills improvement action funds to provide free vocational skills training for poor laborers, laid-off workers and other groups; Guangdong 24.35 billion yuan of direct funds from the grass-roots level of cities and counties, realizing that all counties and districts have only increased financial transfer payments...

  From normalizing the prevention and control of the epidemic, helping market players and the people in need, to ensuring the operation of the grassroots, a sum of financial funds has been quickly reached the grassroots in a "through train", sending "real money" to the economic and social development of various regions. support.

  This year, the fiscal deficit has increased by 1 trillion yuan over last year. At the same time, 1 trillion yuan of anti-epidemic special treasury bonds will be issued. All of this 2 trillion yuan will be transferred to local governments. A special transfer payment mechanism will be established to allow funds to reach the grassroots level in cities and counties for direct benefits. Enterprise benefits the people.

According to statistics from the Direct Fund Monitoring System of the Ministry of Finance, as of August 31, the actual expenditure of 1.7 trillion yuan in direct funds had been 735.8 billion yuan, of which 712.5 billion yuan was spent at the grassroots level in cities and counties, accounting for 96.8%.

  "The overall progress of direct funds to the grassroots is'faster', and it is playing a role in boosting the economy, promoting the'six stability' and'six guarantees' work." said Xu Hongcai, the vice minister of finance.

  Statistics show that from January to August, the national general public budget expenditure was 1,49925 billion yuan.

Expenditures in key areas such as epidemic prevention and control, poverty alleviation, and grassroots "three guarantees" have been strongly guaranteed. Public health expenditures directly related to epidemic prevention and control increased by 70.2%, and poverty alleviation expenditures, social security and employment expenditures increased by 12.8% and 10.9% respectively.

  It is understood that in the future, finance will continue to focus on the "six guarantees" task, and strive to achieve reasonable growth in economic development and steady improvement in quality.

For example, to ensure the employment of residents, support the employment of key groups such as college graduates, migrant workers, and veterans; to ensure basic people’s livelihood, focus on the construction of inclusive, basic, and comprehensive people’s livelihood, and do a good job for the unemployed and college graduates Key protection for students in need, people in need, and retirees.

  "It is necessary to highlight the fairness of public finances, make precise efforts to make up for shortcomings, pay more attention to helping people at key points and in difficulties, effectively guarantee the basic lives of the people, and resolutely maintain the basic livelihood of the people." Liu Kun said. .

Li Jie