The gross monthly earnings of full-time and part-time employees in Germany fell as sharply as they have not for years because of the Corona crisis in spring. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office, they fell by an average of 2.2 percent in the second quarter compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
According to the Wiesbaden statisticians, the "negative effects on the level and development" of gross wages can primarily be attributed to the widespread short-time work. The paid weekly working hours of employees accordingly fell by 4.7 percent on average.
However, the figures also show that the short-time work allowance was able to cushion the majority of the employees' income losses.
Short-time working as well as contact restrictions and business closings affected the individual industries to varying degrees in the second quarter of 2020. According to the Federal Office, the largest declines in gross monthly earnings were in the accommodation sector with minus 18 percent, in car manufacturing with minus 17 percent and with travel agencies and tour operators with minus 15 percent.
The main reason for this is the decrease in working hours, which was minus 20 percent (accommodation industry and car manufacturers) and minus 18 percent in the travel industry. Aviation, gastronomy and retail are also heavily affected by negative gross wages.
According to calculations by the economic research institute Ifo Im, the number of short-time workers fell to 5.6 million in July. In May it was still around seven million.