The exclusion of Huawei from UK telecommunications implies a geopolitical repositioning of the British, who are approaching the US from Donald Trump and are putting land in the middle with China. The decision, more or less well-founded, fits with London's need for Washington, once Brexit has been consummated and the consequent decoupling from Brussels. However, breaking with Huawei, the world leader in 5G equipment, is a boost for European companies such as the Finnish Nokia or the Swedish Ericsson to take root in the deployment of networks that is to come and that the coronavirus has delayed.

What is at stake? 5G is the next standard of mobile telephony and is divided into two parts, the core or core (critical although reduced because data is managed here) and the radio stations that transmit the signals. The first projects, such as those that have already been carried out in Spain, have been developed in 5G NSA ( non-standalone ), that is, on the already existing 4G network, the predominant one today. The definitive leap will come with the now autonomous 5G standalone , which will end up overflowing telephony as it coincides with the flourishing of Internet of Things (IoT) connections: for example, a car will be able to detect a bicycle before turning the corner or a surgeon intervene a patient thanks to a robot that tracks their movements thousands of kilometers away. The field of Defense will not be oblivious to this new technological revolution. Who participates in this push and pull? At Huawei they always highlight its status as a private company and the absence of a single piece of evidence against it that justifies the campaign that the Trump Administration has directed against its interests worldwide, including Spain. In practice, the United States has applied a veto against the Shenzhen firm, with restrictions on any North American company that intends to relate to China, a statement that is part of a trade war that altered the world economy before the coronavirus eclipsed the rest of the world. friction. How has the British turn been made? The United States has a special predicament with the countries that are also part of the Five Eyes security alliance: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. If Huawei is really a danger, the Pentagon is left without arguments if its strategic partners with whom it shares information have their networks open to that company. What is the role of the European Union? At the moment Brussels has not spoken beyond its recommendation to avoid unreliable vendors in the 5G core , a guideline where Huawei was not expressly mentioned. Britain's dissociation from the EU and the foreseeable strengthening of its nexus to the US indirectly reinforce EU companies, the subject of flattery from Donald Trump. Although Huawei stands out for its technology and the competitiveness of its prices in 5G, the Swedish Ericsson and the Finnish Nokia claim to be prepared to meet the need for suppliers, which will be enormous in the coming years.

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