Three years of action, the state-owned enterprise reform is upgraded again (Ruijing)
Our reporter Li Jie
"People's Daily Overseas Edition" (03rd edition, July 14, 2020)
This year is the first of three years of state-owned enterprise reform. Recently, the "Three-year Action Plan for State-owned Enterprise Reform (2020-2022)" was reviewed and approved. With the formal release of the next step, the details of the state-owned enterprise reform mission statement, timetable, road map and other aspects will be further clarified. The state-owned enterprise reform that is receiving much attention is expected to usher in a new round of speed-up and upgrade.
Grasp the key strengths and weaknesses
Initiated four batches of 210 mixed ownership reform pilots, promoted the reform of state-owned capital investment and operation companies, carried out a series of reform initiatives such as the “Double Hundred Actions” and “Regional Comprehensive Reform Trials”... In recent years, state-owned enterprises have deepened reforms frequently, and reforms have been in place In the "on-going" state. Against this background, the launch of the three-year action for the reform of state-owned enterprises has attracted more attention.
The 14th meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensive Deepening Reform recently held pointed out that the next three years will be a crucial stage for the reform of state-owned enterprises. It is necessary to uphold and strengthen the party’s overall leadership over state-owned enterprises, adhere to and improve the basic economic system, and adhere to the direction of socialist market economic reform To focus on key points, make up for shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, promote the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, and enhance the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence, and risk resistance of the state-owned economy.
"The content of this meeting clarified the reform framework, the logic of the reform echoed before and after, and the key content was also emphasized." Zhou Lisha, a researcher at the Research Center of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, told the reporter that the meeting emphasized "three persistences" and insisted on and strengthened the party's The overall leadership of enterprises, adherence to and perfection of the basic economic system, and adherence to the direction of socialist market economic reforms are, on the one hand, affirmation of the role of state-owned enterprises and the need to insist on modern enterprise governance under the leadership of the party. The verification of the annual reform; on the other hand, adhere to the market-oriented operating mechanism, from mixed reform, employee shareholding to professional manager system, etc., market-oriented reform work has been advancing, is to find a way to improve the efficiency of enterprise reform.
Zhou Lisha believes that in recent years, the reform of state-owned enterprises and pilot projects have been promoted in depth. This reform has focused more on key points, shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, and further pushed the reform into reality.
Clear timetable and roadmap
What are the specific aspects of the three-year action?
Peng Huagang, Secretary-General of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, previously stated that the "Three-Year Action Plan for the Reform of State-owned Enterprises" considers three aspects: First, the requirements of the 19th National Congress of the State Council on the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises are further specified; Second, the "1+N" reform in recent years The policy is further implemented, and if it is not in place, the timetable and roadmap are clear; the third is to extend the grass-roots experience in the reform pilot demonstration projects such as the "10 reform pilots" and "Double Hundred Actions" to the next state-owned enterprise reform process. .
In the case of mixed reforms with high social attention, the next step of reforms will also be deepened. Zhao Chenxin, deputy secretary-general of the National Development and Reform Commission, said earlier that this year he will further promote the four batches of 210 mixed ownership reform pilots that have been announced. For mixed ownership enterprises, we must do our best to explore the establishment of governance mechanisms and supervision that are different from ordinary state-owned enterprises. System, and strive to form more replicable and expandable experience. It will also study and formulate implementation opinions on deepening the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises to create an upgraded version of the mixed reform policy.
Zhou Lisha believes that a major aspect of mixed reform is the monopoly industry, including the deepening of reforms in the fields of railways, oil and gas, and power. For example, the State Grid has launched mixed reforms in ten major areas; market-oriented reforms in the oil and gas sector and refining and sales sectors. "Overall, the monopoly industry is advancing in depth, and the competition industry is making positive progress. Moreover, the mixed reform not only'mixes' property rights, but also needs to'modify' mechanisms. In the future, the market-oriented operation mechanism of mixed reform companies may further advance." Lisa Zhou Say.
The first year of reform work is being pushed forward
Nationwide, a special project for the reform of state-owned enterprises "Science and Technology Reform Demonstration Action" started; at the local level, Shandong disclosed 40 mixed reform projects of state-owned enterprises; at the enterprise level, the second round of mixed reform of China Telecom's Tianyi E-commerce Co., Ltd. was launched. China Chemical Engineering Group focuses on promoting the mixed ownership reform of 6 second-tier companies and 10-15 third-tier companies... Since the beginning of this year, the reform of state-owned enterprises has continued to move.
It is understood that although the "Plan" has not been formally released yet, this year is the first year to implement the three-year action plan. Peng Huagang previously stated that the SASAC has deployed key requirements for this year’s reform. The major directions of this year’s reform include: perfecting the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics; accelerating the establishment and improvement of a market-oriented operating mechanism, and vigorously promoting the contractual management of the tenure of managers Professional manager system; active and stable layered classification to deepen mixed ownership reform; optimize the layout of state capital, promote strategic reorganization and professional integration, etc.
Related work is constantly being pushed away. On July 13, Shandong Province announced the joint reorganization plan of Shandong Energy and Yankuang Group, and the joint reorganization plan of Shandong Expressway and Qilu Transportation Group. According to the SASAC deployment, this year will focus on promoting the professional integration of equipment manufacturing, chemical industry, offshore engineering equipment, overseas oil and gas assets, and regional integration of coal power resources. The National Development and Reform Commission said that this year it will also formulate opinions on advancing the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy.
Affected by the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, the economic situation at home and abroad is complicated and changeable. Will the progress of reform be affected? Zhou Lisha believes that the more complex the environment, the more state-owned enterprises must play a better role and improve efficiency and competitiveness through deepening reform, so the importance of reform is further highlighted. "In the first half of the year, some industries faced greater difficulties, and the urgency of improving quality and efficiency through reform was even stronger. Without breaking through, pressure was the driving force for reform." Zhou Lisha said.