China News Service, June 7th, according to the website of the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, June 7 is World Food Safety Day. The relevant person in charge of the Food Sampling Inspection Department of the State Administration for Market Supervision pointed out that in response to questions from reporters, the State Administration of Market Supervision completed in 2019 The National Food Safety Supervision Sampling checked 244,000 batches, covering 33 categories of food, and detected 238,000 batches of qualified products and 5773 batches of unqualified products; the overall pass rate of supervision and sampling was 97.6%, which was the same as the previous year. The results of supervision and random inspections in 2019 show that the overall food safety situation in my country has remained stable and improving.
Data Map: Taiyuan, Shanxi, where people buy daily necessities in supermarkets. Zhang Yunshe
The following is the full text of the question and answer:
The General Administration of Market Supervision answers questions from reporters on the 2019 national food safety supervision and random inspection
Today is World Food Safety Day. The relevant person in charge of the Food Sampling Inspection Department of the General Administration of Market Supervision answered questions from reporters about the 2019 national food safety supervision and sampling situation.
Q: What is the general situation of the national food safety supervision and random inspection in 2019?
Answer: In 2019, the General Administration of Market Supervision insisted on taking the issue as the guide, sampling and purchasing food samples from agricultural products and food trading venues in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, and completed 244,000 batches of national food safety supervision random inspections, covering 33 categories Food, inspection of microorganisms, agricultural and veterinary drug residues, food additives, biotoxins, heavy metals and other national food safety indicators 558 items, 238,000 batches of qualified products and 5773 batches of unqualified products were detected; the overall pass rate of supervision and sampling was 97.6% , The same as the previous year, an increase of 2.9 percentage points from 2014; the overall failure rate of supervision and sampling was 2.4%.
Q: How does the result of supervision and random inspection reflect my country's food safety situation?
Answer: The results of supervision and random inspections in 2019 show that the overall food safety situation in my country has maintained a stable and positive trend, and some outstanding food safety issues have achieved positive results. However, China has many food production and management entities, large consumer volume, long industrial chains from "farmland to table", and new business forms such as online sales are emerging in an endless stream. Some producers and business operators have not implemented the responsibilities of the main body, even profit-seeking, illegal and criminal, food The safety situation is still relatively complicated, and some food safety issues need to be further resolved. Specific classification:
First, the pass rate of foods with large daily consumption continues to remain high. For example, the pass rate of sampling inspection of meat products is 97.0%, an increase of 0.5 percentage points compared with 2018; the pass rates of sampling inspection of processed food products, edible oil, egg products, dairy products, and infant formula milk powder are 98.8%, 98.9%, and 99.5%, respectively. , 99.7%, 99.8%, the same as 2018.
Second, the product qualification rate of key food enterprises is relatively high. Sampling the products of key food production enterprises and operating enterprises with large market share and wide circulation range, the passing rates were 99.7% and 98.7%, respectively.
Third, some outstanding food safety issues have achieved effective results. Through special rectification, the sampling rate of catering food, starch and starch products increased by 0.9 and 2.3 percentage points respectively from the previous year, reaching 97%; the detection rate of illegally added non-edible substances was 0.02%. Among them, "melamine" in infant formula milk powder was detected zero for 11 consecutive years.
Fourth, the unqualified rate of sampling inspection of individual foods is still relatively high. From the perspective of food samples, the unqualified rate of frozen beverages is 6.1%, which is 1.1% lower than the previous year, but it is still at a high level, mainly due to microbial contamination; due to the increase in testing items, the unqualified rate of sampling of bee products is higher The annual increase is 3.6 percentage points to 5.7%, mainly due to the ban on veterinary drug residues and microbial contamination. From the perspective of food sampling, the unqualified sampling rate of online food shopping is 3.2%, an increase of 1.2 percentage points from the previous year, reflecting the need to further strengthen the supervision of food sales on the online platform.
Fifth, microbial contamination, excessive food additives and excessive residues of agricultural and veterinary drugs are still major problems facing food safety. Sampling inspection found that the unqualified rate due to microbes exceeding the standard was 1.6%, which was the same as the previous year, accounting for 28.4% of the total number of unqualified samples; the unqualified rate due to the food additives exceeded the standard was 0.9%, although it was lower than in 2014 and 2018 0.9 and 0.1 percentage points still accounted for 22.9% of the total number of unqualified samples; the unqualified rate of agricultural and veterinary drug residues exceeding the standard was 1.5%, an increase of 0.5 percentage points from the previous year, accounting for 16.7% of the total number of unqualified samples.
Q: How to deal with the unqualified food found by the supervision and random inspection?
Answer: There is no "zero risk" in food safety, but the market supervision department always adheres to "zero tolerance". For the unqualified food found in the random inspection, the market supervision department of the locality has taken measures such as storage, removal, recall, verification and disposal of the batch of products according to law, focusing on prevention and control and resolution of food safety risks; and strengthening traceability management and timely notification Relevant departments strengthened supervision measures and launched joint prevention and joint control. In 2019, 5,214 administrative penalties for unqualified food under state supervision and random inspection were completed, with a fine of 160 million yuan. Supervision, random inspection and verification of disposal information have been made available to the public through government websites or media at all levels.
Q: What is the focus of the food safety random inspection this year?
A: This year, the market supervision department will earnestly implement the "four most stringent" requirements, adhere to the problem-oriented approach, further use food safety sampling methods to investigate and resolve hidden food safety hazards, focus on preventing regional and systemic food safety risks, and fully protect the people The people's diet is safe.
First, continue to increase the intensity of food safety sampling. Pay close attention to key foods, key indicators, and key areas, and follow-up random inspections for unqualified foods. Organize and implement the 2020 national food safety evaluation random inspection and complete the food safety random inspection plan.
The second is to continuously enhance the food safety risk management and control capabilities. Strengthen the exchange of information with relevant departments such as agriculture, rural areas, health and customs, and customs, and improve the entire food safety supervision mechanism. Strengthen the statistical analysis of random inspection data and risk research and judgment to provide a basis for strengthening supervision, precise implementation and targeted governance, and further prevent and resolve food safety risks.
The third is to continuously increase the information disclosure and risk communication of supervision and sampling. Improve the classification and publication of information on supervision and random inspection information and strengthen the interpretation of random inspection information. The information of supervision and random inspection is published every week to promote the food producers to fulfill their main responsibilities.