China News Service, June 1st, June 1, "Interim Provisions on the Regulation of the Number of Passenger Cars in Beijing (Revision Draft for Consultation Draft)" and "Implementation Rules for the Provisional Regulations on the Regulation of the Number of Passenger Cars in Beijing" (Revision Draft for Consultation) "About the one-time additional issuance of new energy passenger car index allocation plan (draft for soliciting opinions)" was released.
According to the consultation draft, how to switch from individual application indicators to family application? Can the spouse, children, and parents of both parties form only one family application indicator, or can they form multiple family application indicators? How to reflect the care for the family in the indicator configuration? After the implementation of this revised policy, will there be any adjustment to the annual quota? In response to the hot issues involved, the official conducted a detailed explanation.
The following is the program description:
1. What are the internal links of the three documents for public consultation this time?
Answer: The "Interim Provisions on the Regulation of the Number of Passenger Cars in Beijing (Draft Draft for Consultation)" will be issued in the form of government orders and apply to the local government regulations in the administrative area of Beijing. Quantity regulation provides the basis, and in principle stipulates the overall objectives, overall route, regulation measures and other contents of the regulation of quantity of passenger cars.
"Implementation Rules for the Provisional Regulations on the Regulation of the Number of Passenger Cars in Beijing" (Revised Draft for Comment) is administered by the city's transportation, public security, development and reform, civil affairs, justice, finance, human and social security, ecological environment, commerce, taxation, and market supervision. The documents jointly issued by the authorities define the basic concepts involved in the regulation of the number of passenger cars within the framework of the "Interim Regulations", and further clarify the specific applicable standards and implementation procedures, so that the "Interim Regulations" have stronger guidance. And operability.
"About the one-time additional issuance of new energy passenger car index allocation plan (consultation draft)" is based on the rules in the above two documents, formulated a temporary, one-time measure plan.
The three documents will be further revised and perfected and released in due course after the procedures for public consultation are completed. Among them, the "Interim Provisions" and "Implementation Rules" are planned to be implemented next year; the one-time additional issuance indicator allocation work plan will be implemented in August this year.
2. Compared with existing policies, what are the main adjustments to the policy optimization plan?
A: In order to strengthen the targeted configuration of the passenger car indicators and make a good connection between the old and new policies, the policy optimization program will consider the relevant requirements at the national level, the problems found during the implementation of the policy, and the social Opinions and suggestions from all walks of life have three main adjustments:
Firstly, on the basis of participating in the individual index unit and the new energy index waiting allocation method, the index allocation method based on the "car-free family" as the unit and the order of points are added. At the same time, the indicator configuration is inclined to take care of "car-free families". By giving "car-free families" significantly higher than the individual's ordinary index lottery signing rate and the number of new energy index quotas, priority is given to solving the car-free needs of "car-free families" groups. This is the core content of this policy optimization plan.
The second is to increase the limit on the number of individuals applying for updating the index, and supporting the release of individuals with multiple vehicles in their names to transfer registered vehicles to eligible close relatives. Specifically, each person can only keep up to 1 minibus indicator. If there are multiple passenger cars registered in the city under the name of one person, one of the vehicles can be selected to update the indicator when the vehicle is updated. The remaining vehicles are not allowed to update the indicators, but they are allowed to report to the passenger cars that are not registered in the city. For spouses, children, and parents to transfer and register redundant vehicles, the transferee does not need the indicator documents but must meet the conditions of “individuals whose domicile is in this city”.
The third is to cancel the time limit requirement for applying for updating indicators. The existing policy stipulates that units or individuals who need to update the indicators of passenger cars should submit an application for updating the indicators within 12 months from the date of completion of the transfer and cancellation of registration of the vehicle. Judging from the implementation of these years, one is that the failure to apply for the update of the indicator within the prescribed time limit for personal and objective reasons has caused significant losses to the individual; the second is that many individuals who are not in a hurry to purchase new vehicles have to rush to the time limit. Applying to update the indicators before the date is not conducive to achieving the goal of the regulation policy to slow down the growth of motor vehicles. Therefore, the policy optimization plan intends to abolish this time limit, to facilitate units or individuals to arrange the time for applying for updating indicators according to actual needs, and at the same time play a role in reducing the stock of passenger cars, alleviating road congestion, parking conflicts and ecological environmental pressure. However, once the updated indicator is applied for, the validity period of the indicator remains unchanged for 12 months.
3. What are the main considerations for allocating indicators based on households?
A: As the number of people applying for indicators has increased in recent years, the average winning rate of the individual ’s common indicators has continued to decrease, and the time required for individuals to wait for new energy indicators has continued to increase. Some families do not have a car, but the whole family has been unable to obtain indicators for a long time, while some individuals or families own multiple cars. This imbalance has gradually spawned a series of behaviors that circumvent the regulation policy on the number of passenger cars, such as illegal rental and sales indicators, paid transfer indicators through marriage registration, buying foreign cars, pickup trucks, and illegally modifying closed light trucks. In recent years, the opinions and suggestions of various sectors of society on regulation and control policies reflect the most problems of this kind, and the appeal for "allocating indicators with the family as the unit" is the most concentrated.
In fact, the city's relevant departments have already carried out research on the allocation of indicator schemes in units of households, but since the foundation of the application and sharing of big data in previous years is not enough to support refined index control measures, it has been in a state of research reserve. At present, with the integrated and innovative application of high-tech technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data in the field of government services, data fusion and sharing between different departments such as population, marriage registration and vehicle management in the country and the city continue to deepen, and indicators are configured in units of families. Have the technical and data foundation. First, big data technology can be used to more accurately identify "car-free homes"; second, the masses enjoy the convenience of "one Internet connection" through the integrated government service platform, "letting data run more and the masses run less." For the information that needs further verification after the data comparison verification, notary services will be introduced. In addition, the improvement of the social credit system has also provided protection for the implementation of the policy. This policy optimization plan will require family applicants to jointly make a trustworthy commitment to the authenticity, accuracy and completeness of the information reported, and will fulfill the commitment. Include personal credit records. After realizing the allocation indicators by family, the scientific and fairness of resource allocation will be effectively improved, and the limited public resources will play a greater role.
4. How is the range of family members who can apply for indicators jointly determined?
Answer: The family is an important starting point for national development, national progress, and social harmony. Supporting each other between husband and wife, supporting the elderly, and raising children are not only a manifestation of the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation, but also a basic obligation entrusted to citizens by the law. Spouses, parents, and children, as the most closely connected family members, have stronger ties of relatives such as blood, marriage, etc., and have a good foundation for common living. Their kinship, rights and obligations are also protected by more solid legal systems. It is clearly stipulated in the Constitution, the Marriage Law and the Third Session of the 13th National People's Congress, which has just reviewed and approved the Civil Code of the People's Republic of China to be implemented next year. Therefore, the policy optimization plan limits the scope of family members who can jointly apply for indicators to spouses, children, and parents of both parties. In addition, considering the factors such as the travel utility of passenger cars, occupant space, and convenience of car ownership, the scope of "family applicants" is limited to the scope of spouses, children, and parents of both parties, which can ensure more reasonable travel needs.
5. How to switch from individual application index to family application? Can the spouse, children, and parents of both parties form only one family application indicator, or can they form multiple family application indicators?
Answer: Applicants who are currently participating in the indicator allocation in their own name, if they want to switch to applying for indicators in the family unit, if there is a spouse, first determine whether the spouse meets the "small bus without the name of the city" and "the place of residence is in The two conditions of "individuals in this city" meet these two conditions, and couples can jointly apply for indicators based on the family unit; those without a spouse can consider applying jointly with parents or children. Of course, those with a spouse can also meet the requirements. Children or parents of both parties apply together.
To determine whether parents can join the application, there are two aspects. One is whether there is a minibus registered in the city under the name. As long as a minibus registered in the city is in the name of either party, neither party meets the conditions; if both parties have no capital The minibus registered in the city, and then see whether it meets the "individual whose place of residence is in this city" condition, the eligible party can apply together (not both parties are required to participate in the application).
To determine whether a child can join the application, in addition to meeting the two conditions of "small bus without a name registered in the city" and "individual whose place of residence is in the city", it also depends on the situation that the child's spouse has a small bus registered in the city If the spouse has a minibus registered in this city, the children cannot be family applicants.
If the spouse, children, and parents of both parties meet the corresponding eligibility requirements, this is the largest range of indicators that can be jointly applied for by the family. Of course, if there are more than one family member who meets the requirements of being the main family applicant, it can be combined into multiple families to apply for indicators. However, when applying as a family, the more family applicants, the total family points will be The higher, the higher the probability of obtaining the indicator.
6. How to reflect the care for the family in the indicator configuration?
A: The policy optimization program introduces the concept of family points and sets up points rules reasonably. In the allocation of ordinary indicators, the “car-free households” given through family points are much higher than the probability of individual winning; in the allocation of new energy indicators, in addition to the allocation of indicators to units and operating vehicles, first 80% of the indicators are based on The family points are given priority to "car-free families". When calculating personal points, the number of times that the family applicant has participated in the number-sharing in the past or the waiting time are converted into points for accumulation. When calculating the total points of the family, one is to fully reflect the factors of the husband and wife as the core members of the family, both husband and wife are in the lottery. If there are many generations, the winning rate is high.
According to the rules of family points, the average ladder point of the current individual wave number is 5 for calculation. The advantages of applying for indicators by family as an example are as follows:
Case 1 Three generations of big family
Family applicants include the main applicant, the main applicant's spouse, 2 children, and parents of both generations, a total of 8 people, of which 4 people are participating in the lottery, the number of personal ladders is 5.
That is, if the family participates in the lottery, the odds of winning the lottery is 126 times the rate of the individual's first participation in the lottery, and more than 25 times the rate of the main applicant's personal participation in the lottery.
Case 2 A family of three
The family applicant consists of the main applicant, the main applicant's spouse, and a child. There are three generations in two generations. Both the couple are shaking, and the number of personal ladders is 5.
That is, if the family participates in the lottery, the odds of winning the lottery is 54 times the rate of the individual's first participation in the lottery, and more than 10 times the rate of the main applicant's personal participation in the lottery.
Case 3 husband and wife small family
The family applicant is composed of two main applicants and their spouses. Only the main applicant is shaking, and the number of personal ladders is 5.
That is, if the family participates in the lottery, the odds of winning the lottery is 16 times the rate of the individual's first participation in the lottery, and more than three times the rate of the main applicant's personal participation in the lottery.
7. Why should the number of applications for updating indicators be limited?
A: In recent years, the public security department has carried out special actions for severe "beggar" behaviors due to historical reasons, and has taken measures to revoke vehicle registration according to law. For the behavior of using the indicators of illegal renting and selling of multiple vehicles under the name of one person, and the paid transfer of indicators through marriage registration, the indicator regulation and management department, together with the public security, traffic control and judicial departments, will step up the crackdown. Once it is verified that the indicators will be recovered, those who have purchased vehicles will be included in the blacklist No updates will be processed.
The policy optimization plan proposes to restrict individuals with multiple vehicles to apply for only one updated indicator, mainly to further enhance the fairness of social public resource allocation. As a limited social public resource, the indicator of the passenger car should establish the principle of "each person can keep at most one indicator". As the vehicle is a personal property, the owner of the vehicle can use it until it is scrapped. When it needs to be updated, one of the vehicles can be selected to apply for updating the index. At the same time, in order to facilitate their family members to own cars, individuals with multiple cars in their names are allowed to transfer and register excess vehicles to their spouses, parents and children who meet certain conditions.
8. What are the considerations for setting the duration of kinship in the vehicle transfer registration?
Answer: In order to effectively crack down on the illegal behavior of buying and selling passenger car indicators through marriage registration, increase the risk and cost of illegal behavior of the perpetrators, and maintain the seriousness of the passenger car indicator control policy, the policy optimization plan proposes to handle the registration of vehicle changes between couples and divorce analysis When registering the transfer of vehicles, the conditions for the maturity of one year of marriage must be met; if there are more than two passenger cars registered in the city under the name of the individual, the transferee and the vehicle shall register when transferring the registered vehicles to the spouse, parents, and children. The duration of the kinship relationship of all people must also be over one year. After the implementation, it will conduct a strict review with the help of big data on marriage and population information.
9. What are the considerations for the issuance of new energy minibus indicators this time?
Answer: In order to implement the central government's decision-making and deployment of overall prevention and control of the epidemic situation and economic and social development, to promote consumption, stabilize the economy, and effectively enhance the sense of citizenship, the municipal government has decided to issue 20,000 new energy passenger car indexes at one time , All to the "car-free family" configuration. The specific configuration method is generally consistent with the policy optimization plan for the allocation of new energy passenger car indexes in order of family points. After being revised and perfected according to the comments, the implementation will be started as soon as possible, so that 20,000 “car-free families” will benefit as soon as possible.
10. After the implementation of the revised policy, will there be any adjustment to the annual quota?
A: The policy optimization plan this time is mainly to adjust the configuration method. In principle, the number of annual target quotas for next year will not be adjusted. Regarding mid- to long-term regulation and control, relevant departments will combine the Beijing City Master Plan on "implementing traffic demand management in accordance with the principles of controlling ownership, restricting use and differentiation". By 2035, the proportion of passenger trips and the average travel intensity of vehicles will decrease by no less than 30% "Requirements, special research.