Li Shi: There is a long way to go to raise the income level of residents
In recent days, all sectors of society have paid great attention to the situation of "600 million people earning 1,000 yuan per month." Focusing on the hot topics of social concern, Professor Li Shi, a well-known expert in the field of income distribution in China, was interviewed by a reporter from the Economic Daily-China Economic Net.
Reporter: How do you understand "600 million people earn 1,000 yuan a month"?
Li Shi: As for the recent hot discussion on the Internet, as a long-term scholar who studies the income distribution of residents, I am also very concerned. It should be said that since the reform and opening up, my country's residents' income has maintained a rapid annual growth of more than 8%, but there are indeed a large number of low-income residents.
According to relevant data, the average monthly income of about 600 million people in the country is about 1,000 yuan, which is equivalent to the average annual income of 600 million people is about 12,000 yuan. How to understand this situation, I think the key is to grasp the high and low income of this part of the residents. The average monthly income of 600 million people is about 1,000 yuan, which is for the overall group of 600 million people, which means that 600 million people have an income of more than 1,000 yuan, and some are less than 1,000 yuan. The monthly income of 600 million people is lower than 1,000 yuan or higher than 1,000 yuan. But in any case, this fully shows that China, as the world ’s largest developing country, has obvious characteristics of uneven development and insufficient development. The income of a large number of the 1.4 billion people still needs to be raised. It is very important to increase the income level of residents. It's a long way to go.
Reporter: According to what you have in mind, what is the composition of these 600 million people?
Li Shi: Judging from the composition, these 600 million people include not only the employed and income population, but also the unemployed and incomeless population, such as the elderly, children, students and other dependent population. This proves that some of the 600 million people will have a monthly income higher than 1,000 yuan or even a considerable amount higher, and some will have a monthly income lower than 1,000 yuan or even a considerable amount lower. When using this data, it is important to recognize the demographic composition of this group to correctly understand the phenomenon reflected by the data.
Reporter: Some people think that the average salary is not this number. Is the monthly income here the monthly salary?
Li Shi: There are two meanings to be explained here. The first level is that wages are the remuneration of employees, and the income is the resident income calculated by the family population. The family population is generally more than the employees, and also includes the unpaid population, so the per capita income of the family is generally lower than the average wage. Moreover, the average monthly income of this group of people is the average income of low-income and low-income populations, which is lower than the average wage of all employees, and even lower than the minimum wage of some of them. The second level is income including but not equal to wage income. Monthly income and annual income refer to residents ’disposable income, which is for the population. It includes both the wage income of workers and the net income of family operations such as the sale of agricultural products. Net income, net income from family property such as interest, net income from family transfers such as minimum security, etc .; including both family cash income and household real income, such as farmers' income from conversion of self-produced and self-used agricultural products, is the sum of income from all channels of the family.
This means that when observing the income of residents, it is necessary to include all incomes of the residents 'households, and it cannot be understood only as wage income in order to have a more comprehensive grasp of the residents' income status.
Reporter: Do you have any suggestions for improving the income distribution of residents?
Li Shi: The government work report reviewed and approved at the Third Session of the 13th National People ’s Congress clearly stated that it is necessary to give priority to employment and protect people ’s livelihood, resolutely win the battle against poverty, strive to achieve the goal of fully building a well-off society, and maintain residents ’income and economy The growth is basically synchronized, which fully shows that the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core attaches great importance to the income growth of residents, especially the income of low-income groups.
We believe that with the implementation of the tasks of "six stability" and "six guarantees" and the sustained and healthy development of the economy, the income of our residents will continue to grow rapidly, the living standards of the people will continue to increase, and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation Dreams can be realized. (Economic Daily-China Economic Net reporter Lin Huocan)