The national minimum wage standard was released, and 6 provinces exceeded 2,000 yuan
Many provinces raise the minimum wage standard
Economic Daily · China Economic Net reporter Han Bingzhi
Raising the minimum wage standard is conducive to stabilizing jobs, is conducive to protecting the legitimate rights and interests of workers, and is conducive to protecting low-income people from sharing economic and social development achievements. However, the adjustment range of various regions will also be affected by various factors such as promoting employment and entrepreneurship, and reducing the burden on enterprises. Therefore, all localities need to adjust the minimum wage standard prudently and prudently according to the actual situation.
On April 26, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued monthly minimum wage standards and hourly minimum wage standards for various regions of the country. The data shows that as of the end of March this year, the first-month monthly minimum wage in Shanghai, Beijing, Guangdong, Tianjin, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces exceeded 2,000 yuan.
The adjustment range of the minimum wage standard is closely related to the local economic and social development. Statistics show that as of March 31 this year, the monthly minimum wage in Shanghai was 2480 yuan, the highest in the country. In addition, Beijing is 2,200 yuan.
Judging from the latest adjustment, in 2020, Fujian, Qinghai and Guangxi have raised the minimum wage standard. From January 1, 2020, Fujian has adjusted the minimum wage standards across the province, and the minimum wage standards have been reduced to four levels from the previous five levels, which are 1,800 yuan, 1,720 yuan, 1,570 yuan, and 1,420 yuan, respectively. Compared with the pre-adjustment period, the average monthly average monthly wages increased by 8.4% and the average annual growth rate was 3.3%.
From January 1, 2020, Qinghai has adjusted the monthly minimum wage standard from 1,500 yuan to 1,700 yuan. This is the 10th time Qinghai has raised the minimum wage standard, and it has increased by an average of 200 yuan on average, an increase of 13.3%.
Guangxi will implement the new minimum wage standard from March 1, 2020. Among them, the monthly minimum wage standard was increased from the previous 1680 yuan, 1450 yuan and 1300 yuan to 1810 yuan, 1580 yuan and 1430 yuan respectively; the part-time hourly minimum wage standard was adjusted from the original 16 yuan, 14 yuan and 12.5 yuan to 17.5 yuan, 15.3 yuan, 14 yuan.
In terms of time interval, according to the requirements of the Notice of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security on Further Adjusting the Minimum Wage Standard, the minimum wage standard has been adjusted from at least once every 2 years to at least once every 2 to 3 years. According to statistics, the average interval for adjusting the minimum wage standard in most provinces, districts, and cities in the country is 2 to 3 years. The reporter found that Qinghai's previous minimum wage standard has been implemented for more than two years since May 2017. The last time Fujian adjusted the minimum wage standard was July 2017, and the last time Guangxi adjusted the minimum wage standard was February 2018.
In terms of hourly minimum wage standards, the hourly minimum wage standards in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Guangdong exceed the 20 yuan mark, with Beijing leading the country with 24 yuan per hour. The minimum hourly wage in Hunan Province is 12.5 yuan, which is nearly double the standard Beijing.
Why is there a big difference in the minimum wage standards in different regions? This is because the adjustment of the minimum wage standard is closely related to the local social and economic development level. According to the "Minimum Wage Regulations", the minimum wage standards across the country are comprehensively considering the per capita consumption expenditures, per capita food expenditures, per capita consumption expenditures, per capita food expenditures, Engel coefficients, maintenance coefficients, urban consumer price indexes, average wages of employees on the job, and individual contributions The social insurance premiums and housing provident fund data are determined based on the actual local economic development in recent years. Due to the large differences in the price levels and income levels of various regions, the minimum wage standards will also vary greatly.
The reporter learned from the local people's social system that raising the minimum wage standard will directly increase the income of employees, especially the wage level of low-income employees. In the case of employees ’unemployment insurance money, sick leave pay during the medical treatment period, and the unit ’s suspension or suspension of business, the basic living expenses of the employees will be adjusted upwards with the adjustment of the minimum wage standard.
At the beginning of this year, the new coronary pneumonia epidemic caused many enterprises to stop working and stop production. Regarding the issue of wage payment during the epidemic, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security previously issued the "Notice on Properly Handling Labor Relations during the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia Epidemic Infection with New Coronavirus". It is clear that if the enterprise stops production within one salary payment cycle, the enterprise should follow the labor contract Pay the wages of employees according to the prescribed standards. If the employee provides normal labor for more than one wage payment period, the wage paid by the enterprise to the employee shall not be lower than the local minimum wage standard.
Experts said that raising the minimum wage standard is conducive to stabilizing jobs, protecting the legitimate rights and interests of laborers, and protecting low-income people from sharing economic and social development results. However, the adjustment range of various regions will also be affected by various factors such as promoting employment and entrepreneurship, and reducing the burden on enterprises. Therefore, all localities should steadily and prudently adjust the minimum wage standard according to the actual situation. At the same time, the majority of laborers and unemployed people should enhance their legal awareness and safeguard their rights and interests. For laborers who provide normal labor and the employer does not implement the minimum wage standard, they can file a complaint through the trade union or the local human resources and social security administrative department to protect their rights and interests.