Behind the "robbing talents" is the industry, technology and human resources
Can the settlement of "zero threshold" attract "Golden Phoenix"
Although affected by the epidemic, the pace of "robbing talents" has not slowed down. A few days ago, Suzhou, Shenyang, Chongqing, Qingdao and other cities rushed to launch various "welfare" policies to attract talents to land. Many places lowered the threshold for settlement, and even proposed a "zero threshold" for settlement, providing housing purchase subsidies for talents.
Can the settlement of "zero threshold" attract "Golden Phoenix"? In the context of the general resumption of production and production in various places, what signals did the new round of talent war reveal?
The new talent policy of Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province will be officially implemented from May 1st. This new policy for talents called "Wang Bo" by the media includes: direct entry of undergraduate degree, "first placement and then employment"; college degree entry The requirement to pay social security for two years is intended to be relaxed to 6 months. Suzhou has also introduced detailed rules for the high-end talent reward program. High-end talents and talents in urgent need are directly rewarded in proportion to their personal salaries, with a maximum of 400,000 yuan per year.
The 10 talent policies packaged by Qingdao City are quite eye-catching: college students in youth colleges, colleges and universities in domestic (overseas) colleges and colleges who have graduated from colleges or above can apply for settlement. After the college students settle down in Qing Dynasty, they can enjoy the Qingdao city's housing purchase policy, and qualified applicants can apply for talent apartments. This is the third consecutive year that Qingdao has lowered the threshold for settlement.
Shenyang City recently introduced 7 supplementary opinions on the comprehensive cancellation of the restrictions on the settlement of talents and the further opening of the settlement policy, including 7 types of personnel in Shenyang including technical school, vocational school and above students and graduates (including previous years) Can be settled.
On April 1, the General Office of the Chongqing Municipal Government issued the newly revised "Implementation Measures for the Registration of Chongqing's Hukou", which further broadened the scope of personnel settlement: experts, scholars, returning students who were originally introduced, and specialist or junior majors employed in this city On the basis of persons with technical titles or above, persons with vocational qualifications of senior technicians or above or corresponding vocational skill levels employed in Chongqing shall be included in the category of talent settlement. I and his spouse, minor children, and parents living together may apply for settlement .
Jiangxi Nanchang City announced that it would achieve a "zero threshold" for settlement. On April 15th, the General Office of the People ’s Government of Nanchang City issued a notice on the “Implementation Opinions on the Comprehensive Opening of Urban Settlement Restrictions in Our City”, and comprehensively abolished the insured years, residence years, and academic requirements for settlement in Nanchang ’s urban areas. Conditional restrictions.
"Attracting talents through the household registration policy and a series of other related policies is conducive to the flow of talents from mega cities to second- and third-tier cities, and has a positive effect on the rational distribution of talents in China." Su Hainan, a special researcher of the Chinese Labor Society, believes that talent mobility can help the region Economic development eases the current structural employment contradictions.
Su Hainan explained that the so-called structural contradiction is simply that "no matter what happens, no one does nothing". Some second-tier cities have high-tech industries, and there is a demand for high-tech talents. Some talents in smaller cities want to go to work here, but if they cannot settle down, they are prone to such structural contradictions. Therefore, lowering the threshold for settlement is more attractive to this group of people.
On December 25, 2019, the "Opinions on Promoting the Reform of the System of Social Mobility of Labor and Talents" issued by the China State Council Office was officially announced to the public. Among them, it is clear that the restrictions on the settlement of cities with a permanent population of less than 3 million in urban areas will be fully eliminated, and the conditions for settlement in large cities with a permanent population of 3 to 5 million in urban areas will be relaxed.
In the first quarter, GDP fell by 6.8% year-on-year. Some experts believe that the epidemic has impacted the Chinese economy, and local economic growth is facing new challenges. In the post-epidemic era, "robbing talent" actually grabs industry, technology, and human resources.
Wang Bin, Dean of Beijing Gaojingjian Science and Technology Development Institute, said: "With the advent of college graduates’ job-hunting season, talent wars in various places will become more intense, and settlement will become one of the preferential conditions for local governments to attract talent. But the industry is more attractive than Hukou. More importantly, talents will only play value in the corresponding industrial fields. The current layout and rise of industrial clusters in second- and third-tier cities are the key to attracting talents and retaining high-end talents. "He said, for example, Wuhan has high-end equipment manufacturing and fiber optics. Although industries with better prospects, such as telecommunications, optoelectronics, and biomedicine, are affected by the epidemic and some people leave, the industry is still there and talents will come again.
"In the long run, settlement of 'zero threshold' benefits is not the first priority for talents. It is the key to truly build industry aggregation capabilities, generate core competitiveness, and come up with policies that support talent development and entrepreneurship." Wang Bin said .
Affected by the epidemic, the current employment pressure is relatively large, some enterprises cannot recruit large numbers of people, and orders from export-oriented enterprises are reduced. Recently, a report jointly launched by Peking University Guanghua School of Management and Zhilian Recruitment showed that the number of recruiting positions and the number of people in the first quarter fell by about 27% year-on-year. Among them, job seekers with 1-3 years of work experience are facing greater pressure.
Wang Bin believes that in this case, the government should release more policy dividends for enterprises to reduce taxes and exemptions, so as to reduce the pressure on enterprises, so as to attract more talents. Wang Bin, who has been engaged in research on the transformation of the science and technology industry for many years, feels deeply that wherever talents go and industries go, technological innovation takes root.
Regarding the attraction of talents by the settlement policy, Su Hainan believes: “The settlement bonus will not disappear for a while. Settlement is closely related to housing purchase restrictions and children ’s school enrollment, so that talents can enjoy many citizen treatments in public services. The talent settlement policies proposed by many cities are Skilled talents graduating from vocational colleges and technical schools are very attractive and are the key to retaining these talents. "
The 42-year-old Xu Yang and his twin brother Xu Hai are post-doctoral returnees. They were attracted by the preferential talent policy in Changsha to choose to work in Ningxiang, Changsha. His younger brother Xu Hai is a director and chief scientist of Wenxiang Group. His brother Xu Yang is currently the deputy director of the Economic Development Bureau of Ningxiang Economic and Technological Development Zone.
Xu Yang told the China Youth Daily reporter: "Despite being affected by the epidemic, Ningxiang's talent recruitment policy this year has not only not contracted, but it has also introduced more and greater efforts to attract talent than previous years."
"Ningxiang City's Ten Opinions on Strengthening the Support of High-Quality Development Talents" (Discussion Draft) mentioned that Ningxiang will implement the "Chuwei Green Card" system for the introduction of talents to provide cardholders with a place to start their own businesses, travel in the city, children Provide full support in school, medical security and other aspects. For doctors or experts with high professional titles, the municipal finance grants 100,000 yuan per year and resolves spouse work.
"It is difficult to attract excellent talents simply by the settlement policy, but also needs more three-dimensional and meticulous services, so that the talents have a sense of belonging and acquisition." Xu Yang said that the talent policy has given us "reassurance", which is why he settled in Nanjing. The reason why towns stay together is 8 years.
China Youth Daily · China Youth Daily reporter Gui Jie Source: China Youth Daily
April 20, 2020 Version 02