5G base station construction is accelerated, supporting high-quality economic development

[Report from the frontline of key projects]

A string of orange-red engineering warning lights pierced the night sky, and a group of engineering technicians were busy. In Wuhan, China Unicom's 5G project is still under intense construction on the Sixin North Road in the middle of the night.

At the Taikang Tongji Hospital in Hanyang District, two kilometers away, on-site fiber optic cable construction staff and outdoor base station installers are also busy. For Li Penglai, head of the Wuhan Unicom Network Development Department, he has become accustomed to such a busy night.

Currently, 5G base stations are in full swing across the country. A few days ago, the world's first 5G independent networking shared base station was opened, and the first service was achieved in Guangdong, Fujian and other places; Zhejiang launched the country's first "5G + smart street lamp charging pile", which integrates smart lighting, 5G communication, car charging, video surveillance, The integration of information interaction helps to provide fine urban management. In Shanghai, China Mobile Shanghai has successfully deployed the world ’s first 5G site using 32T high-transmission rate equipment in Pujiang Town, Minhang District.

As of the end of February, 164,000 5G base stations had been opened nationwide. The number of China Mobile's 5G base stations has exceeded 80,000. Since China Unicom and China Telecom signed a sharing agreement, 5G base stations have been opened in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, and more than 50,000 shared base stations have been built. The 5G coverage has increased by nearly 60%.

After the outbreak of the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic, the tasks of the communication construction support project came one after another, and the application of 5G has become the technological "pioneer" of the war epidemic. At a critical juncture to fight the epidemic, Wuhan decided to build Vulcan Hill Hospital. After receiving the notice, Hubei Mobile, Hubei Unicom Wuhan Branch, Huawei and the design institute together quickly organized network planning, design and construction team, coordinated the preparation of 5G base stations, SPN transmission equipment and construction materials, and rushed to the front line of the epidemic.

With the opening of Wuhan Vulcan Hill Hospital, the full deployment of 5G networks has started simultaneously. From the site investigation, the determination of the construction plan, the allocation of materials to the construction of the project, it took only two days to build 8 5G base stations in the area of ​​Wuhan Huoshenshan Hospital. Among them, China Mobile opened three 4G and 5G base stations, China Unicom opened two 4G base stations and three 5G base stations, and China Telecom built three new 5G base stations, which created favorable conditions for medical staff.

From 36 hours to open the Vulcan Hill 5G base station, 36 hours to open the Raytheon Mountain 5G base station, and then to the construction of the shelter cabin hospital 5G base station, the first-line engineering and technical personnel responsible for communication support worked overtime and overtime, went to the first line again and again, and completed various base station construction tasks.

"During the epidemic, there were more than 63,000 new 4G and 5G base stations, which further strengthened the network foundation of the communication service guarantee." Han Xia, director of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that during the epidemic, the operation and maintenance and customer service personnel of telecommunications companies adhered to their posts , 32 national emergency communication first-class support teams are on standby in real time to provide emergency communication support in time to ensure the smooth operation of key systems.

Speeding up the construction of new 5G infrastructure has become a "keyword" in 2020. The meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held on March 4 emphasized the acceleration of major projects and infrastructure construction that have been clearly defined in the national plan. We must increase investment in public health services and emergency supplies, and accelerate the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers.

On March 24, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "Notice on Promoting the Rapid Development of 5G", proposing to fully promote 5G network construction, application promotion, technological development and security, and give full play to the scale effect and leading role of 5G new infrastructure, Support high-quality economic development.

"As of the end of last year, there were 130,000 5G base stations in China, and this year we will further increase construction efforts." Han Xia said that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will further promote basic telecommunications companies to target 5G independent networking and accelerate network construction in major cities. , And gradually extend coverage to key counties and towns where conditions permit, encourage local governments to increase policy support, and ensure the protection of 5G site resources, electricity, and frequency. For areas with strong support, basic telecommunications companies need to increase Large investment, giving priority to 5G construction.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology expects the number of 5G base stations nationwide to exceed 600,000 by the end of this year, achieving continuous outdoor coverage in prefecture-level cities, key coverage in counties and towns, and indoor coverage in key scenes.

■ Expert says

Wang Zhiqin, Vice President of China Information and Communication Research Institute: Traditional infrastructure such as transportation and electricity has created a miracle of the industrialization era, and a new round of industrial revolution requires new types of infrastructure empowerment. The construction of new 5G infrastructure will not only fundamentally change the status quo of mobile networks, promote the production, flow and utilization of data elements, but also make it easier for all industries and industries to connect and collaborate and provide services, driving the formation of trillion-level 5G related products And service markets. For regions with strong policy support and good implementation, operating companies should increase investment and give priority to 5G construction; regions with imperfect policy environments need to accelerate research and implementation of support measures.

(Reporter Yao Yaqi)