Electricity will be much more expensive in Germany in the coming year - the levy to promote green electricity will rise by more than five percent in 2020. This was announced by the operators of the major power grids on Tuesday. The so-called EEG surcharge (Renewable Energy Sources Act) is therefore 6.756 cents per kilowatt-hour in the coming year and is thus 5.5 percent higher than this year with 6.405 cents. The EEG apportionment accounts for around one quarter of the electricity price and finances the fixed remuneration that green electricity producers have so far received regardless of the market price for feeding their electricity. Other components of the electricity price for private customers include taxes, other levies and surcharges, as well as production costs and network charges.
However, the comparison portal Verivox also assumes rising electricity prices regardless of the EEG surcharge. In addition to the increase in the EEG surcharge, increases in the other electricity price components were also evident, said energy expert Valerian Vogel of the German Press Agency. According to the forecast, network charges, which also make up a quarter of the electricity price, will increase in the coming year. The wholesale prices of utilities are also higher than in the previous year. "Consumers in Germany therefore have to adjust to electricity price increases again next year," says Vogel. Consumers in Germany have already paid the highest electricity prices in Europe alongside the Danes.
However, in return for a CO2 price in the transport and building sectors, the Federal Government plans to reduce the price of electricity. The levy to cover the costs of the remunerated electricity according to the EEG is to be lowered by 0.25 cents per kilowatt-hour from 2021 in a first step and then further reduced. The coalition wants to relieve especially families and small and medium-sized companies.
"Neither fair nor economical"
FDP faction vice Christian Dürr criticized: "No other country spends so much money on climate action and achieves so little.For 19 years, the EEG bought climate protection at a much too high price, especially households with small and medium incomes . " This is neither fair nor economical. The FDP therefore calls for the abolition of the EEG and the EEG levy.
The chief executive of the VKU municipal association, Katherina Reiche, also sees pent-up demand for the EEG surcharge. The agreed in the climate protection program reduction of the EEG levy is a drop in the bucket, which evaporates immediately. To relieve the electricity customers really, a review of taxes, levies and taxes in the energy sector is urgently needed.
The EEG surcharge was introduced to promote electricity generation from renewable energy sources such as wind and sun. Particularly energy-intensive companies are largely exempt from part of the surcharge, which is why other consumers have to bear a correspondingly higher share of costs.