The arms embargo for the North African crisis country, which was confirmed at the Berlin Libya conference, was broken by several summit participants, according to the UN. In the past ten days, several planes had landed at airports in western and eastern Libya, bringing weapons, armored vehicles, fighters and advisors into the country. In its statement, the United Nations' support mission for Libya (UNSMIL) did not name any responsible persons and thus left open who broke the embargo. However, the message said that "several participants in the Berlin conference" were involved in the "ongoing transport of foreign fighters, weapons, ammunition" and other military equipment.
In Berlin a week ago, 16 countries and international organizations had agreed on an agreement to end outside interference in the Libya conflict - for example via arms deliveries - and to enable a peace process. The United Nations will soon convene a meeting of the conflicting parties to implement a ceasefire. The EU is giving advice on how to monitor the arms embargo that has been in place since 2011. And the UN Security Council is working on a resolution to support the Berlin resolutions.
Since the long-standing ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi was overthrown and killed in 2011, a civil war with confusing power relationships has been raging in Libya, in which third countries with rival interests are involved. The stabilization of the country is particularly important for Germany because many refugees seek their way to Europe from there via the Mediterranean. Libya is also threatening to become a haven for Islamist terrorists.