Berlin (dpa) - Berlin is particularly dynamic, Munich is best there, Wolfsburg and Ingolstadt, however, to feel the crisis of the German car industry.
These are the results of this year's city ranking of the Institute of German Business (IW) in cooperation with "Wirtschaftswoche" and the Internet portal Immobilienscout24. The mid-Franconian metropolitan region of Nuremberg, Erlangen and Fürth have made a name for themselves. "Leipzig and Jena are developing well in contrast to the car stations," said Thomas Schroeter, CEO of Immobilienscout24.
30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall Berlin took first place in terms of dynamics. Especially in the labor and real estate market, the pace has increased significantly, says the study, which compares the development of the 71 independent German cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. From 2012 to 2017, around 250,000 more people moved to Berlin than emigrated. Munich finished second, followed by Fürth. Ingolstadt and Wolfsburg - in the top ten in the previous year - dropped to place 39 and 49, respectively.
Even in the current situation, the two car cities lost ground - albeit not so dramatic. Ingolstadt ranked fourth (last year: two) and Wolfsburg seventh (five). One key reason: The tax power of the two municipalities has deteriorated significantly compared to 2012 - the year of the boom in the auto industry.
Unchanged in the top league plays Munich. The Bavarian capital landed in the current situation for the seventh consecutive time on the winner's podium. The unique combination of high-performance science and a competitive economy "works like a turbo for the metropolitan area of Munich", explained Hanno Kempermann from IW Consult. On the leader Munich followed on the squares two and three Erlangen and Stuttgart. Among the top ten are the banking metropolis Frankfurt as well as Hamburg, Regensburg, Würzburg and Ulm. At the bottom of the table are Bremerhaven (69th place) and the Ruhrgebiet cities of Herne (70) and Gelsenkirchen (71).
The cities of the Ruhr area have for years been at the bottom of the city ranking. Nevertheless, Kempermann sees opportunities for the region. Among other things, he cites comparatively cheap housing, cultural openness, a dense population, specialized specialists, universities and research institutes as well as airports.
According to analysis, Darmstadt is still best prepared for the future. "The city of South Hesse is home to a large number of successful and highly innovative companies," argues Kempermann. These include, among others, the pharmaceutical and chemical group Merck. On the following places follow Munich, Erlangen, Stuttgart and Jena.
A new economic powerhouse emerged from the perspective of the study in Middle Franconia around the cities of Erlangen, Nuremberg and Fürth. The region had undergone a major structural change. Corporations like Grundig or Quelle, which were based in Fürth, no longer exist. The early focus on future technologies such as medical technology, however, had helped in the management of change.
For the annual city ranking, the company IW Consult of the employer-related institute of the German economy compares the current situation, rates of change of certain indicators (dynamics) as well as future prospects of independent cities with more than 100.000 inhabitants. Factors such as economic structure, labor market, real estate, research strength, future industries and quality of life are analyzed.
Other analyzes come partly to somewhat different results. A study by the Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) and the private bank Berenberg recently confirmed that Berlin has the best prospects for the future - although the survey only considers the 30 largest German cities. The capital scored with a relatively high percentage increase in population, the highest growth in employment of all 30 cities and a significant improvement in productivity.
Leipzig again took second place overall. In the case of Munich, however, the authors made "first limits of growth": the Bavarian capital slipped to third place. For the ranking, which has been produced every two years since 2008, factors such as education, innovation, internationality and accessibility as well as the development of productivity and the population were analyzed.
IW Consult city ranking
Berenberg city ranking