"Separate without separation", follow the business, improve efficiency-
Chinese companies seek to break through with "digitalization"
Online meetings, remote diagnosis and treatment, live broadcast of goods, unmanned delivery... The emergence of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic has profoundly affected the way people participate in economic and social activities, and also brought a new test to various enterprises. How to use digital technology to achieve "partition without separation, business as usual" has become an indispensable question for Chinese enterprises and the entire Chinese economy.
A few days ago, the Ministry of Information Technology and Industrial Development of the National Information Center and the JD Digital Technology Research Institute jointly released the "Hand in Hand Reshaping Growth-China Industry Digitalization Report 2020" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report"), through a large number of industrial digital transformation case studies , Depicting the current status, characteristics and connotation of China's industrial digitalization. "Report" believes that in the face of the epidemic test, many Chinese companies actively promote digital upgrades, improve management efficiency and reduce operating costs, industrial digitalization is injecting "digital power" for economic growth.
Digitalization changes the industrial form
Flavored fish skin dumplings, grilled pork on the pot, Shunde fish noodles, chicken soup stir-fried heart... When I first arrived in Guangdong, I would like to eat an authentic Cantonese cuisine, which is a favorite option for many consumers. The reason why Cantonese cuisine is famous all over the world depends on the elaborate cooking of Cantonese chefs. However, on June 22, the FOODOM Tianjiang Gourmet Kingdom Robot Restaurant Comprehensive Hall created by Country Garden's Qianxi Catering Robot Group officially opened in Shunde, Guangdong, which also attracted the attention of many "foodies".
In a restaurant with an area of about 2,000 square meters, more than 20 kinds of "robotic chefs" independently developed by the core technology are employed simultaneously. Entering from the door of the Chinese food area, there is a huge floor-to-ceiling glass curtain wall facing you, and 18 robots in the wall are neatly arrayed. After the guests scan the code and order, the robot mechanical arm quickly starts and starts cooking according to the established procedures. Diners can not only see every "action" of robot cooking, but also enjoy the automatic serving service.
How can a "robot chef" cook authentic Cantonese food? According to Qiu Mi, general manager of Qianxi Robot Catering Group, every action of "Robot Chef" is a standardized operation process based on the cooking action data of 10 well-known Cantonese chefs. Compared with traditional dishes, the automated and standardized robotic cooking process eliminates human interference, which not only guarantees the quality of dishes, but also greatly improves production efficiency.
This is just a microcosm of the digital transformation of the industry.
"Currently, the evolution of informatization, networking, digitization, and intelligence, and the iterative development of the Internet of Things, the Internet of Things, the Digital Alliance, and the Intelligent Alliance, we are entering a new stage with digital productivity as the main feature." National Information Center Informatization Shan Zhiguang, director of the Ministry of Industry Development, told our reporter.
According to Shan Zhiguang, under the support and guidance of a new generation of digital technology, industrial digitalization is a process of digital upgrade, transformation and reconstruction of all elements of the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain. It has the characteristics of "transforming production tools with digital technology", "using data resources as key production factors", "restructuring product structure with digital content", "using information networks as market ties", and "using service platforms as industrial ecological carriers".
Industrial digitalization is helping Chinese companies reduce costs and increase efficiency. The "Report" shows that through the construction of digital workshops or smart factories, the company's production efficiency has increased by an average of 37.6%, energy utilization has increased by an average of 16.1%, operating costs have decreased by an average of 21.2%, product development cycle has been shortened by an average of 30.8%, and product defect rates have decreased by an average of 25.6 %. The latest calculations from the National Information Center show that the transaction volume of China's sharing economy market in 2019 was 32.828 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.6% over the previous year. In the next three years, it will maintain an average annual growth rate of more than 10%.
Enterprises use "intelligence" to achieve transformation
In practice, digitalization is helping more and more Chinese companies to "new education" and "open new doors."
——Agriculture is more accurate. In the cooperation between Jingdong Mathematics and Shounong Animal Husbandry, digitalization has made cattle breeding a "beauty difference": the breeder does not need to frequently see whether to feed cows. The real-time monitoring network can monitor the amount of material left in the trough in real time; technology The personnel does not need to use the traditional touch method to evaluate the comprehensive body condition of the cow. The camera combined with the AI algorithm can score the body condition of the cow every day without contact automation...
Among them, the intelligent spray system can identify the precise positioning of cattle through AI technology, combined with AI algorithms and multiple dimensions such as temperature and humidity index, wind speed, etc., to accurately spray cows, which can help increase milk production by 30%. Water efficiency increased by 60%.
-Equipment manufacturing is more efficient. In Changsha, Hunan, the high-altitude working machine intelligent manufacturing plant in the Wangcheng Industrial Park of Zoomlion is a model for deep integration and innovation of new generation information technology and manufacturing equipment. In the bright and clean intelligent production workshop, the equipment on each production line is interconnected with people to realize the seamless connection of various processes. The intelligent and flexible robot arm smoothly realizes laser cutting of raw materials, welding of workpieces and spraying of parts. AGV intelligent conveyors replace the traditional manual movement of upper and lower materials. The automatic and safe RGV rail guided vehicles and EMS air conveyor lines easily achieve precise distribution.
"Through the manufacturing execution system (MES) platform, our production plan decomposes each process into different equipment and time periods for fine execution according to the situation of the workshop; inside the workshop, planned production scheduling, job execution, data collection, and WIP management , Inventory management, quality management, etc. to form a fully closed-loop management, allowing massive information to be intelligently interconnected, tightly linked, and effectively managed and shared." Wang Jian, assistant general manager of Zoomlion Aerial Work Machinery Company.
——Medical services are safer. The general manager of Haier Group’s data platform, Xiong Yuanyuan, introduced that through the use of Internet of Things technology, the “blood network” created by Haier allowed every bag of blood to have an ID card, and each of the refrigerators distributed in blood stations and hospitals formed a virtual large network. Ensure that the whole process of blood preservation and use is 100% safe and controllable.
Xiong Yuanyuan told reporters in this newspaper that data is the core asset of the company. Haier has always attached great importance to data. All internal meetings speak with data. At the same time, Haier is also actively exploring the application and innovation of data in user experience, intelligent decision-making, and asset empowerment. "In the future, products will be replaced by scenes, the industry will be covered by ecology, and companies can live like tropical rainforests. This is the goal and direction of our digital rebirth."
Let companies "dare to turn" and "will turn"
In an interview with reporters, Shen Jianguang, chief economist of Jingdong Digital Technology Group and dean of the Jingdong Institute of Mathematics, said: "In the face of the impact of the epidemic, technology companies that dominate artificial intelligence, big data, 5G, Internet of Things and other fields will continue to promote economic and social development. Penetration in various fields. Technology companies not only provide direct services to ordinary people, but also provide various factories and businesses with upgraded digital transformation, thus becoming an important support point for industrial digitization." Shen Jianguang introduced that many data exist In traditional industries, digital transformation can better tap the potential. In this process, only by creating common interests and achieving integration and a win-win situation can industry digitalization advance faster.
What challenges do enterprises face in transforming and upgrading with the help of digitalization? According to Shan Zhiguang, the proportion of digital transformation of domestic enterprises is about 25%, far lower than 46% in Europe and 54% in the United States. At the same time, more than 55% of domestic enterprises have not completed the basic equipment digital transformation.
"During the epidemic, many companies turned to the Internet to explore digital transformation. Intelligent robots, remote office, live broadcast e-commerce, contactless loans, online sales, online training, online services, etc. have become new options for more companies, but due to the technical challenges of digital transformation Strong, difficult business reengineering, high conversion costs, low short-term returns, and high risk of trial and error, companies generally have the problem of'don't want to transfer, dare to transfer, and will not transfer'." Shan Zhiguang said.
For these problems, the policy level frequently exerts force.
In March, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the “Special Action Plan for Digital Empowerment of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises”, which clarified 13 key tasks and 4 promotion measures, proposed to use information technology to strengthen epidemic prevention and control, and accelerate the development of new online offices, online education, etc. Model, foster new service-oriented manufacturing formats such as shared manufacturing and personalized customization.
In May, the National Development and Reform Commission took the lead in formulating and promulgating the "Digital Transformation Partnership Action Initiative", which proposed to build a "central ministries and commissions-local governments-platform companies-industry leaders-industry associations-service organizations-small and medium-sized enterprises" as the core of the joint promotion mechanism, innovation An ecological system in which the government and all sectors of the society have joined forces to carry out digital transformation and provide precise assistance has been constructed.
Shan Zhiguang said that large companies such as JD.com and Tencent could play a bigger role. On the one hand, aiming at the resources required for the digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises, jointly build digital technology and solution communities, and use the sharing economy, platform economy and other open models to provide low-cost, low-threshold, and rapid deployment services for small and medium-sized enterprises; In terms of aspects, we can combine our own advantages to collaboratively promote the supply chain element data and data element supply chain, support the creation of a "R&D + production + supply chain" digital industrial chain, promote the interconnection and interoperability of data and services between platforms, and ultimately accelerate the formation of " "Everything gets its own place, mutual benefit and win-win" industry digital ecology.