China News Network on March 30 Xin Guobin, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Electricity and Information Technology, said today that, overall, China has a huge industrial scale, a complete industrial system, a huge domestic demand market, sufficient policy space and significant institutional advantages. China's economy has shown strong resilience and vitality to cope with complex and severe situations. Generally speaking, the impact of the epidemic on China's industrial economy is periodic and controllable, and will not change the basic trend of continued improvement.
The State Council ’s joint prevention and control mechanism held a press conference on the morning of March 30, and invited Vice Minister Xin Guobin of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to introduce the resumption of production and production in the manufacturing industry. A reporter asked: How much is the current impact of the epidemic on industrial operations? What is the status of the next industrial operation?
Xin Guobin said that the negative impact of the epidemic on China's industrial economy continued to appear, the industrial chain cycle was severely hindered, and the production and operation of enterprises were greatly impacted. The main indicator fluctuations exceeded expectations. In the first two months, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size decreased by 13.5% year-on-year, profit realized decreased by 38.3% year-on-year, and corporate losses reached 36.4%. Among the 41 major industrial industries, 30 industries saw double-digit declines in industrial added value. Small and medium-sized enterprises and labor-intensive industries were more affected by the impact.
Xin Guobin pointed out that the country's resumption of work and production has progressed in an orderly manner, and the industrial economy has shown a steady recovery. As of March 28, the average operating rate and reinstatement rate of industrial enterprises above designated size reached 98.6% and 89.9%, respectively, an increase of 15.5 and 38 percentage points from February 23, and an increase of 3.6 and 22 from March 1. Percentage points. Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Fujian and other major industrial provinces have basically started construction. Driven by some leading enterprises, a large number of small, medium and micro enterprises have accelerated the resumption of work and production. At present, the operating rate of small and medium-sized enterprises has exceeded 70%.
Judging from the recent investigations by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, most places reported that the industrial economic operation in March was significantly better than in the previous two months, and the capacity utilization rate of some industries has steadily picked up. In mid-March, the average daily generation capacity of the State Grid decreased by 2.9% year-on-year, a decrease of 5.6 percentage points from the end of February.
According to a survey by relevant industry associations, the operating rate of the machinery industry has reached 93%, and the return rate of employees of already-started enterprises has reached 84%; the operating rates of key enterprises in the light industry and the textile industry have reached 90.6% and 97.1%, and the return rate has reached 91.2% and 75.9%. The production of epidemic prevention materials, daily necessities and agricultural materials products maintained a rapid growth trend; the situation of resuming production and resuming production of agricultural materials enterprises such as chemical fertilizers was relatively good, which effectively guaranteed spring ploughing production. The food and other daily necessities industries are basically stable, and medical epidemic prevention and control related industries, such as medical protective clothing and masks, have witnessed strong growth; some high-tech products have grown against the trend, consumer upgrades such as smart watches and smart bracelets, and high-tech products such as semiconductor discrete devices. The growth rate is high; new industries such as big data, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things have maintained rapid development.
Xin Guobin pointed out that since March, despite the gradual containment of the epidemic in China, the overseas epidemic has unexpectedly shown a pandemic situation, leading to shrinking production and consumption in various epidemic countries, frequent fluctuations in stock markets, significant reductions in trade activities in various countries, and the risk of global economic recession Constantly gathering. China's economy has been deeply integrated into the global industrial chain supply chain, forming a global pattern of "you have me and you have me", especially with a high degree of interdependence with some key epidemic areas. The spread and expansion of the international epidemic will inevitably have a greater impact on our industrial chain, supply chain, and foreign trade exports, and this cannot be underestimated.
According to customs statistics, in the first two months of this year, China's import and export of goods trade fell by 9.6% year-on-year, of which exports fell by 15.9%. As the international epidemic spreads further, the situation of China's foreign trade import and export may further deteriorate. In this regard, we must closely monitor the development of the situation and prepare for it as soon as possible.
Xin Guobin said that China will improve the stability of the global industrial chain supply chain through the solid chain and strong chain of key industrial chains such as automobiles and electronics, increase efforts to supply raw materials to the international market, and unswervingly expand opening up and promote economic globalization. Contribute to the stability of the world economy. At the same time, we will work together with all countries to work together to fight the epidemic. We hope that the international epidemic will be effectively controlled as soon as possible.